1. 24 Jan 2023 Journal Article Autism Research

    Weaker face recognition in adults with autism arises from perceptually based alterations

    Marissa Hartston, Galia Avidan, Yoni Pertzov, Bat-Sheva Hadad
    Abstract

    Face recognition has been shown to be impaired in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, it is still debated whether these face processing deficits arise from perceptually based alterations. We tested individuals with ASD and matched typically developing (TD) individuals using a delayed estimation task in which a single target face was shown either upright or inverted

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  2. 24 Jan 2023 Journal Article Open Mind

    Zipfian Distributions in Child-Directed Speech

    Abstract

    Abstract. Across languages, word frequency and rank follow a power law relation, forming a distribution known as the Zipfian distribution. There is growing experimental evidence that this well-studied phenomenon may be beneficial for language learning. However, most investigations of word distributions in natural language have focused on adult-to-adult speech: Zipf’s

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  3. 23 Jan 2023 Preprint bioRxiv

    Early frequency-specific contributions to serial-effects in audition

    Abstract

    Recent stimuli affect the perception of current stimuli, referred to as serial effects. These effects were mainly studied in the visual modality, where it was suggested that perceptual biases towards previous stimuli (contraction) stems from high-level processing stages, and promotes object-level stability. We now asked whether high object-level stages underlie contraction

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  4. 13 Jan 2023 Journal Article NeuroImage

    The impact of sociality and affective valence on brain activation: A meta-analysis

    Shir Atzil, Ajay B Satpute, Jiahe Zhang, Michael H Parrish, Holly Shablack, Jennifer K MacCormack, Joseph Leshin, Srishti Goel, Jeffrey A Brooks, Jian Kang, Yuliang Xu, Matan Cohen, ... show all 13 authors
    Abstract

    Thirty years of neuroimaging reveal the set of brain regions consistently associated with pleasant and unpleasant affect in humans—or the neural reference space for valence. Yet some of humans’ most potent affective states occur in the context of other humans. Prior work has yet to differentiate how the neural reference space for valence varies as a product of the

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  5. Jan 2023 Journal Article Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

    The Apple Doesn’t “Feel” Far From the Tree: Mother–Child Socialization of Intergroup Empathy

    Shira Ran, Michal Reifen Tagar, Maya Tamir, Eran Halperin
    Abstract

    Like adults, children experience less empathy toward some groups compared with others. In this investigation, we propose that mothers differ in how much empathy they want their children to feel toward specific outgroups, depending on their political ideology. We suggest that how mothers want their children to feel (i.e., the motivation for their child’s empathy), in

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  6. 2023 Journal Article Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

    The Role of Witnesses in Humiliation: Why Does the Presence of an Audience Facilitate Humiliation Among Victims of Devaluation?

    Saulo Fernández, Tamar Saguy, Elena Gaviria, Rut Agudo, Eran Halperin
    Abstract

    We examined the role that witnesses play in triggering humiliation. We hypothesized that witnesses trigger humiliation because they intensify the two core appraisals underlying humiliation: unfairness and internalization of a devaluation of the self. However, we further propose that witnesses are not a defining characteristic of humiliating situations. Results of a

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  7. Jan 2023 Journal Article Developmental Psychology

    Mind-bending geometry: Children's and adults' intuitions about linearity on spheres

    Holly Huey, Matthew Jordan, Yuval Hart, Moira R Dillon
    Abstract

    Humans appear to intuitively grasp definitions foundational to formal geometry, like definitions that describe points as infinitely small and lines as infinitely long. Nevertheless, previous studies exploring human’s intuitive natural geometry have consistently focused on geometric principles in planar Euclidean contexts and thus may not comprehensively characterize

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  8. Jan 2023 Journal Article International Journal of Communication

    The Mediating Role of Depression in the Relationship Between News Consumption and Interparty Hostility During Covid-19

    Abstract

    This article examines the association between different kinds of news consumption and interparty hostility and how this relationship is mediated by individuals’ levels of depression during the Covid-19 pandemic. In a study conducted in the United States, we found a significant correlation between consumption of news and feelings of depression that was mediated by

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  9. 23 Dec 2022 Journal Article Cerebral Cortex

    Grasp-specific high-frequency broadband mirror neuron activity during reach-and-grasp movements in humans

    Alexander M Dreyer, Leo Michalke, Anat Perry, Edward F Chang, Jack J Lin, Robert T Knight, Jochem W Rieger
    Abstract

    Broadly congruent mirror neurons, responding to any grasp movement, and strictly congruent mirror neurons, responding only to specific grasp movements, have been reported in single-cell studies with primates. Delineating grasp properties in humans is essential to understand the human mirror neuron system with implications for behavior and social cognition. We analyzed

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  10. 22 Dec 2022 Journal Article European Journal of Neuroscience

    Rhythmic modulation of visual discrimination is linked to individuals' spontaneous motor tempo

    Abstract

    The impact of external rhythmic structure on perception has been demonstrated across different modalities and experimental paradigms. However, recent findings emphasize substantial individual differences in rhythm-based perceptual modulation. Here, we examine the link between spontaneous rhythmic preferences, as measured through the motor system, and individual differences

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