1. 14 Nov 2022 Journal Article Nature Ecology & Evolution

    Evidence for the cooking of fish 780,000 years ago at Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, Israel

    Irit Zohar, Nira Alperson-Afil, Naama Goren-Inbar, Marion Prevost, Tütken Thomas, Sisma-Ventura Guy, Israel Hershkovitz, Jens Najorka
    Abstract

    Although cooking is regarded as a key element in the evolutionary success of the genus Homo, impacting various biological and social aspects, when intentional cooking first began remains unknown. The early Middle Pleistocene site of Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, Israel (marine isotope stages 18–20; ~0.78 million years ago), has preserved evidence of hearth-related hominin

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  2. 10 Nov 2022 Journal Article Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

    High-resolution investigation of a conflagration event in the North-East Temple at Lachish via integration of forensic, stratigraphic and geoarchaeological evidence: A model for studying architectural destruction by fire

    Igor Kreimerman, Yosef Garfinkel, Michael G Hasel, Ruth Shahack-Gross
    Abstract

    Burnt structures are well known archaeologically throughout the Near East. This study proposes an integrated interpretational framework for reconstructing fires in mud-brick structures using macro- and micro-archaeological types of evidence employing well-established tools. While previous research often utilized either macroscopic field evidence or micro-geoarchaeological

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  3. 9 Nov 2022 Journal Article Journal of Mosaic Research

    Mosaic Floors of the Church at Ḥorbat Ḥadat, Israel

    Lihi Habas
    Abstract

    The mosaic floors of the church at Ḥorbat Ḥadat in Israel were uncovered in the nave, along the southern aisle, at the eastern end of the northern aisle, between the columns separating the southern aisle and the nave and in the liturgical space. Some of the panels were removed and are now stored in the Rockefeller Museum, some left in situ. The mosaic floors were laid

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  4. 3 Nov 2022 Journal Article European Journal of Archaeology

    A Precarious Future: Reflections from a Survey of Early Career Researchers in Archaeology

    Maxime Brami, Stephanie Emra, Antoine Muller, Bianca Elena Preda-Balanica, Benjamin Irvine, Bogdana Milić, Aldo Malagó, Katie Meheux, Manuel Fernández-Götz
    Abstract

    This article presents the results of a 2021 international online survey of 419 early career researchers in archaeology. Respondents were passionate about pursuing an academic career, but pessimistic about job and career prospects. Statistics highlight specific obstacles, especially for women, from unstable employment to inequitable practices, and a chronic lack of

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  5. Nov 2022 Journal Article Oxford Journal of Archaeology

    A VIOLENT END OR A RESPECTFUL BEGINNING? CAVE 120 AT LACHISH REVISED

    Abstract

    Cave 120 and three adjacent caves at Tel Lachish in southern Israel produced the largest concentration of human crania ever unearthed in the Near East. The conventional interpretation associates this deposit with primary burials of victims of the city’s destruction by King Sennacherib of Assyria in 701 BC. Taking into consideration attitudes to human skulls, site

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  6. 20 Oct 2022 Journal Article Cambridge Archaeological Journal

    Insights into Natufian Social Identity: A Case Study from the Graveyard of Hayonim Cave

    Abstract

    Summing up the data deriving from the Natufian burials at Hayonim Cave which incorporates information pertaining to the last grave uncovered on site (Grave XVII), the paper endeavours to understand the role of burials within the evolving Natufian society at large. It seems that certain sites—Hayonim Cave being a case in point—served as special localities, used by a

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  7. Oct 2022 Book Chapter The Ancient Israelite World

    A Technological and Sociological Perspective on Ancient Israelite Pottery

    Abstract

    Of the many aspects of material culture of the ancient Israelite world, pottery is to be counted as one of the most abundant, pervasive, and informative datasets available. Traditionally, pottery has been used to determine the chronological framework of the Iron Age and was done so in conjunction with the Hebrew Bible. Theoretical developments, as well as the application

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  8. Oct 2022 Book Chapter The Ancient Israelite World

    Phoenicians and Ancient Israel

    Ilan Sharon
    Abstract

    As the continuation of Canaanite culture and ancient Israel’s northwestern neighbors, the Phoenician influence on the Israelite world, especially the northern Kingdom of Israel, was considerable. The legacy of Phoenician interaction with Israel includes language and the alphabet, architecture, and luxury items as well as the craftsmanship employed for Solomon’s temple

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  9. Oct 2022 Journal Article Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

    3D morphology of handaxes from late Acheulean Jaljulia: a flexible reduction strategy in the Lower Paleolithic Levant

    Antoine Muller, Ran Barkai, Maayan Shemer, Leore Grosman
    Abstract

    The nature of lithic morphological variability during the Acheulean is a much-debated topic, especially in the late Acheulean of the Levant. To explore this issue, we present a 3D analysis of 260 handaxes from Jaljulia, a recently discovered late Acheulean site dated to ca. 500–300/200 ka. We employ a comprehensive suite of 3D methods aimed at reconstructing the

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  10. 13 Sep 2022 Preprint bioRxiv

    Modeling effects of inter-group contact on links between population size and cultural complexity

    Yotam Ben-Oren, Sarah Saxton Strassberg, Erella Hovers, Oren Kolodny, Nicole Creanza
    Abstract

    Human populations rely on cultural artifacts and complex cumulative culture for their survival. Populations vary dramatically in the size of their tool repertoires, and the determinants of these cultural repertoire sizes have been the focus of extensive study in recent years. A prominent hypothesis, supported by computational models of cultural evolution, asserts that

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