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  1. 8 Jun 2022 Journal Article Network Neuroscience

    Structural White Matter Characteristics for Working Memory and Switching/Inhibition in Children with Reading Difficulties: The Role of the Left Superior Longitudinal Fasciculus

    Abstract

    Abstract. Reading difficulties (RD) are characterized by slow and inaccurate reading as well as additional challenges in cognitive control (i.e., executive functions (EF), especially in working memory, inhibition and visual attention). Despite evidence demonstrating differences in these readers’ language and visual processing abilities, white matter differences associated

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  2. 1 Oct 2020 Journal Article Neuropsychologia

    Children with dyslexia utilize both top-down and bottom-up networks equally in contextual and isolated word reading

    Abstract

    Introduction

    Executive functions (EF) include cognitive processes that support learning and reading. Children with dyslexia experience challenges with both reading and reading comprehension. The neurobiological support for EF deficits during reading comprehension, however, has yet to be defined. Here we aimed to identify the neural networks related to EF during a

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  3. 4 Sep 2020 Journal Article Child Psychiatry & Human Development

    Longer Screen Vs. Reading Time is Related to Greater Functional Connections Between the Salience Network and Executive Functions Regions in Children with Reading Difficulties Vs. Typical Readers

    Abstract

    An adverse relationship between screen exposure time and brain functional/structural connectivity was reported in typically developing children, specifically related to neurobiological correlates of reading ability. As children with reading difficulties (RD) suffer from impairments in reading and executive functions (EF), we sought to determine the association between

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  4. 18 Dec 2019 Journal Article Acta Paediatrica

    Associations between home literacy environment, brain white matter integrity and cognitive abilities in preschool-age children

    Abstract

    Aim

    Caregiver-child reading is advocated by health organisations, citing cognitive and neurobiological benefits. The influence of home literacy environment (HLE) on brain structure prior to kindergarten has not previously been studied.

    Methods

    Preschool-age children completed assessments of language (EVT-2, CTOPP-2 Rapid Object Naming) and emergent literacy skills

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  5. 17 Dec 2019 Journal Article Cerebral Cortex

    Children Use Regions in the Visual Processing and Executive Function Networks during a Subsequent Memory Reading Task

    Abstract

    Memory encoding is a critical process for memory function, which is foundational for cognitive functioning including reading, and has been extensively studied using subsequent memory tasks. Research in adults using such tasks indicates the participation of visual and cognitive-control systems in remembered versus forgotten words. However, given the known developmental

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  6. 22 Nov 2019 Journal Article Plos One

    Hyperconnectivity during screen-based stories listening is associated with lower narrative comprehension in preschool children exposed to screens vs dialogic reading: An EEG study

    Abstract

    Objectives Dialogic reading (DR) is a shared storybook reading intervention previously shown to have a positive effect on both literacy and general language skills. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of DR compared to screen-based intervention on electrophysiological markers supporting narrative comprehension using EEG. Methods Thirty-two typically developing

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  7. 4 Nov 2019 Journal Article JAMA Pediatrics

    Associations Between Screen-Based Media Use and Brain White Matter Integrity in Preschool-Aged Children

    Abstract

    Importance

    The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends limits on screen-based media use, citing its cognitive-behavioral risks. Screen use by young children is prevalent and increasing, although its implications for brain development are unknown.

    Objective

    To explore the associations between screen-based media use and integrity of brain white matter tracts

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  8. 30 Aug 2019 Journal Article Brain Connectivity
  9. 12 Jul 2019 Journal Article Dyslexia

    Altered association between executive functions and reading and math fluency tasks in children with reading difficulties compared with typical readers

    Raya Meri, Ophir Levinson, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract

    Fluent reading in children relies on executive functions (EF). Recent research suggests that EF skills also affect arithmetic abilities. Children with reading difficulties (RD) experience deficits in EF. It is still unknown to what extent these EF deficits are the basis for both reading and arithmetic skills in children with RD compared with typical readers. To define

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  10. 6 Jul 2019 Journal Article Trends in Neuroscience and Education

    Screen-exposure and altered brain activation related to attention in preschool children: An EEG study

    Abstract

    Exposure to screens has been shown to reduce attention span in children. Increased slow-wave (theta band) and decreased fast-wave (beta and gamma bands) generated from EEG, as well as increased theta/beta ratio, have been observed in children with Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD). This study examined the relationship between 6-weeks screen exposure and

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