1. 28 Jul 2022 Journal Article Material Religion

    Materiality of Seclusion: A Decorated Monastic Hermitage in the Dead Sea Escarpment

    Yana Tchekhanovets, Roi Porat, Temo Jojua, Uri Davidovich
    Abstract

    The monastic practice of Lenten retreats in the desert is attested in ancient Palestine by the early fifth century. However, within the large archaeological corpus of desert monasticism, sites that can be positively identified as Lenten hermitages were previously unattested. The hermitage discovered during the recent survey of the Dead Sea Escarpment is situated in a

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  2. 26 Jul 2022 Journal Article Lithic Technology

    Filling in the Blanks: Standardization of Lithic Flake Production Throughout the Stone Age

    Antoine Muller, Chris Clarkson
    Abstract

    Standardization can be applied to a lithic assemblage via raw material selection, blank production, blank selection, and/or retouch. Here we explore the baseline level of morphological standardization achievable through blank production alone. By quantifying how little morphological variability is inherently involved in different blank-producing lithic technologies that

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  3. 4 Jul 2022 Journal Article Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology

    The Initial Upper Paleolithic and Its Place Within the Middle-to-Upper Paleolithic Transition of Southwest Asia: What Hides Behind the Curtain of Taxonomies?

    Mae Goder-Goldberger, Ariel Malinsky-Buller
    Abstract

    Classification of the Paleolithic into Lower, Middle, and Upper has both chronological and cultural meanings serving as a framework for reconstructing cultural evolution and interpreting behavioral processes. Traditionally, the Middle-to-Upper Paleolithic transition in Eurasia is regarded as a bio-cultural turning point, in which local Neanderthals were replaced by

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  4. 1 Jul 2022 Journal Article Updating Neanderthals: Understanding Behavioural Complexity in the Late Middle Palaeolithic

    Neanderthal technological variability: A wide-ranging geographical perspective on the final Middle Palaeolithic

    Francesca Romagnoli, Victor Chabai, Brad Gravina, David Hérisson, Erella Hovers, Marie-Hélène Moncel, Marco Peresani, Thorsten Uthmeier, Laurence Bourguignon, M Gema Chacón, Kevin Di Modica, Jean-Philippe Faivre, ... show all 19 authors
    Abstract

    This chapter presents the first collective synthesis of Late Middle Palaeolithic lithic technology (MIS 4–3, ≈  70–40 ka) from the Altai mountains to the Atlantic coast of Western Europe and the Mediterranean regions of Europe and the Levant. As early as the first half of the 20th century, archaeological debates focused on characterising and interpreting

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  5. 23 Jun 2022 Journal Article Scripta Classica Israelica

    A Provincial Palace (Praetorium) in Tiberias? The Archaeological Finds and the Evidence of the Literary Sources

    Joseph Patrich, Eran Meir, Aharoni Amitai
    Abstract

    The large building (ca. 2500 sq. m.) of interest in this article is located in the southern civic center of the old city of Tiberias. It is symmetrical in plan, a basilical hall oriented east–west served as its core, and it has been dated to the third or fourth century CE. Underneath, in a deeper layer, the remains of an earlier structure, dated to the first or second

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  6. 16 Jun 2022 Journal Article PloS One

    Artifact3-D: New software for accurate, objective and efficient 3D analysis and documentation of archaeological artifacts

    Abstract

    The study of artifacts is fundamental to archaeological research. The features of individual artifacts are recorded, analyzed, and compared within and between contextual assemblages. Here we present and make available for academic-use Artifact3-D, a new software package comprised of a suite of analysis and documentation procedures for archaeological artifacts. We

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  7. 2 Jun 2022 Journal Article Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

    From Iberia to Laurion: Interpreting Changes in Silver Supply to the Levant in the Late Iron Age Based on Lead Isotope Analysis

    Tzilla Eshel, Yigal Erel, Naama Yahalom-Mack, Ofir Tirosh, Ayelet Gilboa
    Abstract

    The study of silver, which was an important means of currency in the Levant during the Bronze and Iron Ages (~ 1950–600 BCE), provides a large and extendable dataset for silver provenance. In this paper, nine silver hoards from the Southern Levant dating to the Iron Age IIB‒C (eighth, seventh, and early-sixth centuries BCE) are discussed in an effort to determine the

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  8. Jun 2022 Journal Article Near Eastern Archaeology

    Metalworking at Tel Reḥov

    Abstract

    The excavations at Tel Reḥov yielded hundreds of metal objects and numerous metallurgical remains that attest to on-site metalworking. The study of such remains and their distribution sheds light on metalworking practices at the site, indicating a considerable change between the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age, which comprised both the choice of raw materials (bronze

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  9. Jun 2022 Journal Article Near Eastern Archaeology

    Tel Reḥov in the Tenth and Ninth Centuries BCE

    Abstract

    Tel Reḥov was the location of one of the largest Iron Age cities in northern Israel during the Iron Age IIA, the main period investigated at the site. This article summarizes the stratigraphy, main architectural features, aspects of daily life and material culture, industries, trade relations, writing, religion and iconography, as well as chronology and historical

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  10. Jun 2022 Journal Article Near Eastern Archaeology

    Tel Reḥov: The Site and Its Excavation

    Abstract

    The author offers a brief introduction to the excavations at Tel Reḥov, beginning with a description of the mound. This is followed by a summary of the appearance of the toponym Reḥob in written sources; the identification of the site; and a brief survey of the excavation project, including its goals, the core staff, the excavation areas and the methods used. Finally

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