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  • 24 Dec 2021 Journal Article Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

    Incised Late Bronze Age lead ingots from the southern anchorage of Caesarea

    Naama Yahalom-Mack, Daniel M Finn, Yigal Erel, Ofir Tirosh, Ehud Galili, Assaf Yasur-Landau
    Abstract

    Four lead ingots were found as part of a shipwreck cargo in the southern anchorage of Caesarea in Israel. Analysis of the lead and a study of the markings incised on three of them are presented here for the first time. Four Cypro-Minoan signs are identified and paralleled with signs found on Late Cypriot artefacts. Lead isotope analysis indicates that the lead originated

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  • 24 Dec 2021 Journal Article Journal of Quaternary Science

    Cave paleozoology in the Judean Desert: assembling records of Holocene wild mammal communities

    Ignacio A Lazagabaster, Natalia Égüez, Micka Ullman, Roi Porat, Ido Wachtel, Uri Davidovich, Nimrod Marom
    Abstract

    Long temporal records of Holocene wild mammal communities are essential to examine the role of human impacts and climatic fluctuations in the configuration of modern ecosystems. We show that such records can be assembled through extensive radiocarbon dating of faunal remains obtained from biogenic cave deposits. We dated 110 mammalian remains from 19 different cave

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  • 2 Dec 2021 Journal Article Science

    Response to Comment on “A Middle Pleistocene Homo from Nesher Ramla, Israel”

    Hila May, Rachel Sarig, Ariel Pokhojaev, Cinzia Fornai, María Martinón-Torres, José María Bermúdez de Castro, Gerhard W Weber, Yossi Zaidner, Israel Hershkovitz
    Abstract

    Marom and Rak claim, on the basis of a few mandibular features, that the Nesher Ramla (NR) Homo is a Neanderthal. Their comments lack substance and contribute little to the debate surrounding the evolution of Middle Pleistocene Homo. Limitations and preconceptions in their study prevented them from achieving resolution beyond a dichotomous interpretation of the NR as

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  • Dec 2021 Book Chapter The Basilica in Roman Palestine

    The Royal Portico on the Temple Mount: Between Historical Text and Archaeological Finds

    Abstract

    One of Herodian Jerusalem's most enigmatic buildings was the Stoa Basileios, or Royal Portico, built on the southern flank of the Temple Mount as part of King Herod's expansion project of the Temple compound. This portico had, according to Flavius Josephus' description (AJ IS. 411-416), a basilical layout with a central nave and two flanking narrower and shorter aisles

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  • Dec 2021 Edited Volume Workshop 5-6 December 2019, Tübingen

    The Basilica in Roman Palestine: Adoption and Adaption Processes, in Light of Comparanda in Italy and North Africa

    Antonio Dell’Acqua, Orit Peleg-Barkat
    Abstract

    The workshop aims at investigating the various roles and architectural layouts of the basilica in Roman Palestine and Arabia, in comparison to Italy, Sicily and North Africa. Through presentation of recent discoveries and comprehensions resulting from research and surveys it intends to broaden our knowledge of the diffusion of Roman influence into the eastern and southern

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  • Dec 2021 Book Review Journal of Roman Archaeology

    Archaeology and identity in second-century Galilee

    Abstract

    R. Bonnie 2019. Being Jewish in Galilee, 100–200 CE: An Archaeological Study. Studies in Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology 11. Turnhout: Brepols. Pp. xi + 373, 98 ill., 20 tables. ISBN: 978-2-503-55532-4. Following the destruction of Jerusalem and its Temple in the First Jewish Revolt (66-70 CE), and of Judea in the Bar Kokhba Revolt (132-35 CE), Galilee became in many

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  • 30 Nov 2021 Journal Article Journal of Mosaic Research

    The Mosaic Floors of the House of Kyrios Leontis in Nysa Scythopolis (Beth Shean)

    Abstract

    The House of Kyrios Leontis in Nysa Scythopolis (Beth-Shean) was partially excavated by two expeditions and at different times, and the mosaic floors have been published only in preliminary publications. Two halls were discovered in the complex. The first hall is decorated with a mosaic pavement of three panels: the Homeric story of Odysseus and the Sirens; beribboned

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  • 29 Nov 2021 Journal Article Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology

    Revisiting the Acheulian Large Cutting Tools of ‘Ubeidiya, Israel

    Gadi Herzlinger, Michel Brenet, Alexandre Varanda, Marianne Deschamps, Naama Goren-Inbar
    Abstract

    The site of ‘Ubeidiya is one of the earliest and best-known manifestations of the Acheulian Technocomplex outside Africa. Through the archaeological remains excavated in its numerous layers, it provides a wealth of information about the technological tradition and behavior of its occupants. This study applies a morpho-technological methodological approach, combining 3D

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  • 23 Nov 2021 Book Review Byzantina Symmeikta

    Book review: Asaf Friedman, Art and Architecture of the Synagogue in Byzantine Palaestina, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2019

    Abstract

    Ancient synagogue art varies in both subject matter and artistic quality. While the exterior of some synagogues in ancient Palestine were adorned with decorative elements, most synagogue buildings focused on enhancing the inner space of the prayer hall with architectural decoration, liturgical furniture, wall paintings, and mainly colorful floor mosaics that today merit

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  • 8 Nov 2021 Journal Article Plos One

    New insights into the Upper Palaeolithic of the Caucasus through the study of personal ornaments. Teeth and bones pendants from Satsurblia and Dzudzuana caves (Imereti, Georgia)

    José-Miguel Tejero, Guy Bar-Oz, Ofer Bar-Yosef, Tengiz Meshveliani, Nino Jakeli, Zinovi Matskevich, Ron Pinhasi, Anna Belfer-Cohen
    Abstract

    The region of western Georgia (Imereti) in the Southern Caucasus has been a major geographic corridor for human migrations during the Middle and Upper Paleolithic. Data of recent research and excavations in this region display its importance as a possible route for the dispersal of anatomically modern humans (AMH) into northern Eurasia. Nevertheless, within the local

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  • 7 Nov 2021 Journal Article Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology

    The Jerubba‘al Inscription from Khirbet al-Ra‘i: a Proto-Canaanite (Early Alphabetic) inscription

    Christopher A Rollston, Yosef Garfinkel, Kyle H Keimer, Gillan Davis, Saar Ganor
    Abstract

    This article presents a Proto-Canaanite inscription written in ink on a jug. It was unearthed in 2019 at Khirbet al-Ra‘i, located 4 km west of Tel Lachish, in a level dated to the late twelfth or early eleventh century BCE. Only part of the inscription had survived, with five letters indicating the personal name Yrb‘l ( Jerubba‘al). This name also appears in the biblical

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  • 5 Nov 2021 Journal Article Paleoanthropology

    Reevaluation of the Classification Scheme of the Acheulian in the Levant - 50 Years Later: A Morpho-Technological Analysis of Handaxe Variability

    Gadi Herzlinger, Alexandre Varanda, Marianne Deschamps, Michel Brenet, Christina Lopez-Tascon, Naama Goren-Inbar
    Abstract

    The chrono-cultural scheme of the Acheulian Technocomplex in the Levant, developed in the 1970’s on the basis of handaxe typological variability, still serves as the main framework for the description of this cultural entity and as a benchmark for the classification of new Acheulian assemblages. It consists of a tripartite division into Early, Middle, and Late Acheulian

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  • 1 Nov 2021 Journal Article Geoarchaeology

    The Shaft Tunnel of the Biar aqueduct of Jerusalem: Architecture, hydrology, and dating

    Abstract

    The Biar aqueduct is the most sophisticated of the aqueducts supplying water to Jerusalem during classical periods. It includes the Biar spring, an underground Shaft Tunnel ∼3 km long harvesting groundwater (cuniculus), a dam, a surface channel, and a tunnel traversing a ridge. We conducted a survey of the Biar underground Shaft Tunnel, mapping all of its accessible

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  • 1 Nov 2021 Journal Article Journal of Human Evolution

    Karst terrain in the western upper Galilee, Israel: Speleogenesis, hydrogeology and human preference of Manot Cave

    Amos Frumkin, Omry Barzilai, Israel Hershkovitz, Micka Ullman, Ofer Marder
    Abstract

    A karst survey of the western upper Galilee in Israel shows that karst has been a dominant geomorphic factor throughout the Cenozoic. We discuss the geomorphic character of Manot Cave on the background of other karst features of the region, in order to decipher the preferences of the humans who favored this cave over others. Tens of caves distributed over the study area

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  • 1 Nov 2021 Journal Article Journal of Paleontology

    Rhinocerotidae from the early Miocene of the Negev (Israel) and implications for the dispersal of early Neogene rhinoceroses

    Luca Pandolfi, Ran Calvo, Ari Grossman, Rivka Rabinovich
    Abstract

    A revision of the rhinocerotid material from the Negev (Israel), dating back to the early Miocene (MN3 in the European Mammal Biochronology), highlights the presence of Brachypotherium and a taxon close to Gaindatherium in the Levantine corridor. A juvenile mandible, investigated using CT scanning, displays morphologically distinct characters consistent with Brachypotherium

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  • Nov 2021 Journal Article Journal of Human Evolution

    Personal ornaments from Hayonim and Manot caves (Israel) hint at symbolic ties between the Levantine and the European Aurignacian

    José-Miguel Tejero, Rivka Rabinovich, Reuven Yeshurun, Talia Abulafia, Ofer Bar-Yosef, Omry Barzilai, Mae Goder-Goldberger, Israel Hershkovitz, Ron Lavi, Maayan Shemer, Ofer Marder, Anna Belfer-Cohen
    Abstract

    Situated at the crossroads of Africa and Eurasia, the Levant is a crucial region for understanding the origins and spread of Upper Paleolithic (UP) traditions associated with the spread of modern humans. Of the two local Early Upper Paleolithic technocomplexes, the Ahmarian and the Levantine Aurignacian, the latter appears to be unique in the endemic UP sequence

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  • Nov 2021 Journal Article Oxford Journal of Archaeology

    Constructing the Assyrian Siege Ramp at Lachish: Texts, Iconography, Archaeology and Photogrammetry

    Yosef Garfinkel, Jon W Carroll, Michael Pytlik, Madeleine Mumcuoglu
    Abstract

    This research examines the Assyrian siege ramp at Lachish, the only such known from the ancient Near East and the oldest in the world. The combination of different sources (texts, iconography and archaeology) enables us to reconstruct how this monumental war installation was erected. We used photogrammetric analysis, facilitated through small Unmanned Aerial System

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  • 30 Oct 2021 Journal Article Quaternary International

    Reply to the comment on “Early evidence for symbolic behavior in the Levantine Middle Paleolithic: A 120 ka old engraved aurochs bone shaft from the open-air site of Nesher Ramla, Israel"

    Abstract

    In our original paper we claimed for a possible symbolic value of the engraved aurochs bone shaft found at the Unit III of the Middle Paleolithic site of Nesher Ramla. In his comment to our original paper, Hodgson (2021) presents a contradictory interpretation, which mostly involved a proto-aesthetic source for early engravings.

    Here we clarify our point of view

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  • 25 Oct 2021 Journal Article Journal of Roman Archaeology

    The “Magdala stone table”: its function and role in determining the liturgical furniture in the ancient synagogue

    Abstract

    The discovery of low stone tables at Magdala and a few other sites in the Galilee and Golan allows us to examine, for the first time, this liturgical piece of furniture used by several communities in the late Second Temple period and the first centuries of the Common Era. This article defines the purpose of these stone tables based on analysis of the archaeological

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  • 25 Oct 2021 Book University of Texas Press

    Dancing at the Dawn of Agriculture

    Abstract

    As the nomadic hunters and gatherers of the ancient Near East turned to agriculture for their livelihood and settled into villages, religious ceremonies involving dancing became their primary means for bonding individuals into communities and households into villages. So important was dance that scenes of dancing are among the oldest and most persistent themes in Near

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  • 24 Oct 2021 Preprint arXiv

    Filling the Gaps in Ancient Akkadian Texts: A Masked Language Modelling Approach

    Abstract

    We present models which complete missing text given transliterations of ancient Mesopotamian documents, originally written on cuneiform clay tablets (2500 BCE - 100 CE). Due to the tablets' deterioration, scholars often rely on contextual cues to manually fill in missing parts in the text in a subjective and time-consuming process. We identify that this challenge can

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  • 11 Oct 2021 Book

    Style and form in Old-Babylonian literary texts

    Abstract

    Basing himself on a careful study of all hitherto published (and some unpublished) Old-Babylonian literary texts - roughly 270 different compositions of all literary genres - Dr. Wasserman systematically leads the reader to a number of insightful conclusions regarding distinctive style and outstanding features of the Old-Babylonian literary system (as opposed to everyday

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  • 4 Oct 2021 Book Review Paléorient: The populations of the Near East and nearby regions: evolution of diet and health status from the Neolithization to the Early Bronze Age

    Janine Major–Wadi Hammeh 27, Jordan Valley. Natufian Art items, a Contextual Analysis

    Abstract

    The is rather a hefty book, ca. 400 pages, of a big format, each page measuring 29.5 × 21 cm. It comprises 9 chapters and a detailed catalogue (68 pages), part of chapter 5, of art items (=69) from Wadi Hammeh 27 providing all data imaginable per each item: dimensions, preservation, categorization by raw material, artifact type, decorative motif, location, indexing

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  • Oct 2021 Journal Article Biblical Archaeology Review

    Strata: Milestones: Eilat Mazar (1956–2021)

    Abstract

    Dr. Eilat Mazar, one of the most prominent scholars of ancient Jerusalem and an expert on Phoenician culture, passed away on May 25, 2021, at the age of 64, after a long struggle against an illness. For many years, Eilat had been a research fellow with the Institute of Archaeology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and conducted excavations on its behalf at the

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  • Oct 2021 Book The Ben-Zvi Institute, Israel

    ציפורי - פסיפס של תרבויות

    תקציר

    ציפורי, 'פאר הגליל כולו' בלשונו של יוסף בן מתתיהו, נמנית עם האתרים הקלסיים החשובים במדינת ישראל. שרידיה הולכים ונחשפים ברציפות מאז 1985 בידי כמה משלחות מהארץ ומחוצה לה. באתר נתגלו מבני ציבור, בתים פרטיים, ממצא קטן, ולמעלה מ-70 פסיפסים המתוארכים למן המאה השנייה ועד למאה השישית לסה"נ. ממצאי החפירה בציפורי מהווים נדבך חשוב בהכרת

    הצג עוד
  • Oct 2021 Journal Article Journal of Near Eastern Studies

    Akhenaten and Nefertiti’s Morning Toilette in Karnak

    Arlette David, Robert Vergnieux
    Abstract

    Among the sandstone talatat, Akhenaten's standard build-ing blocks (c. 52 x 26 x 22 cm) from Karnak, there is an intriguing series describing Akhenaten and Nefer-titi's toilette assisted by male attendants with shaved heads. The blocks were extracted from the ninth py-lon of Karnak and belong to a monument built in east Karnak during the first part of Amenhotep

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  • Oct 2021 Journal Article Journal of Human Evolution

    Introduction to special issue The Lower to Middle Paleolithic boundaries: Evolutionary threshold or continuum?

    Steven L Kuhn, Marie-Hélène Moncel, Mina Weinstein-Evron, Yossi Zaidner
  • 15 Sep 2021 Journal Article Humans

    Small WORLD: Ancient Egyptian Architectural Replicas from the Tomb of Meketre

    Abstract

    The paper presents a study of the context, functions, and rationale behind architectural replicas sealed off in ancient Egyptian tombs, the finest exemplars of which having been excavated in the Theban tomb of Meketre (ca. 2000 B.C.). The analysis is preceded by clarifications regarding the terminology used, the point of view from which they have to be considered, and

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  • 15 Sep 2021 Journal Article Quaternary Science Reviews

    Chrono-sequences of alluvial terraces and fossilized water bodies as a predictive model for detecting Lower and Middle Palaeolithic sites in the Negev desert, Israel

    Yoav Avni, Maya Oron, Eli Cohen-Sasson, Naomi Porat, Omry Barzilai
    Abstract

    The Negev desert is a part of the northern Saharo-Arabian desert belt, a major physical barrier between Africa and southwest Asia. Its location at the crossroads of the two continents makes it a perfect region to trace the presence of early hominins on the route from Africa to the Levant in major dispersal events. Geomorphological mapping in the central Negev region

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  • 14 Sep 2021 Journal Article Palestine Exploration Quarterly

    The Iron Age IIA ‘Benyaw Inscription’ on a Jar from Tel Abel Beth Maacah

    Naama Yahalom-Mack, Nava Panitz-Cohen, Christopher A Rollston, A Cohen-Weinberger, Robert A Mullins
    Abstract

    During the seventh excavation season in 2019 at Tel Abel Beth Maacah, located in northern Israel, part of a well-constructed building was revealed just below topsoil in Area K. One partially excavated room in this building was found to contain at least five smashed storage jars in situ. Restoration showed that the jars are all of the same type and mode of manufacture

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  • 5 Sep 2021 Book Chapter Western Wall Plaza Excavations III: The Roman and Byzantine Periods: Small Finds from the Roman Refuse Dump and Other Contexts

    Byzantine Stone Architectural Elements, Furniture and small Finds

    Abstract

    This chapter comprises a catalogue of various stone and marble items found out of context in later buildings above the Eastern Cardo and dated stylistically to the Byzantine period.¹ They are either of a public or ecclesiastical nature. A column base made of white-gray marble with thick gray veins. It is composed of a square plinth (36 × 36 cm; 4 cm high), a large

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  • 23 Aug 2021 Journal Article Current Biology

    Genome-scale sequencing and analysis of human, wolf, and bison DNA from 25,000-year-old sediment

    Pere Gelabert, Susanna Sawyer, Anders Bergström, Ashot Margaryan, Thomas C Collin, Tengiz Meshveliani, Anna Belfer-Cohen, David Lordkipanidze, Nino Jakeli, Zinovi Matskevich, Guy Bar-Oz, Daniel Fernandes, Olivia Cheronet, Kadir T Özdoğan, Victoria Oberreiter, Robin N M Feeney, Mareike Cordula Stahlschmidt, Pontus Skoglund, Ron Pinhasi
    Abstract

    Summary Cave sediments have been shown to preserve ancient DNA but so far have not yielded the genome-scale information of skeletal remains. We retrieved and analyzed human and mammalian nuclear and mitochondrial environmental "shotgun" genomes from a single 25,000-year-old Upper Paleolithic sediment sample from Satsurblia cave, western Georgia:first, a human environmental

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  • 20 Aug 2021 Journal Article Quaternary International

    Environment and horticulture in the Byzantine Negev Desert, Israel: sustainability, prosperity and enigmatic decline

    Dafna Langgut, Yotam Tepper, Mordechay Benzaquen, Tali Erickson-Gini, Guy Bar-Oz
    Abstract

    This study presents a comprehensive paleoenvironmental reconstruction of the Byzantine and Early Islamic western Negev Desert communities during the 4th-8th centuries CE. The study is based on 33 pollen samples and hundreds of charcoal remains that were recovered from the villages of Shivta and Nitzana. The results demonstrate that during the 5–6th centuries CE flourishing

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  • 18 Aug 2021 Journal Article Quaternary International

    Lithic provisioning strategies at the Middle Paleolithic open-air site of Nesher Ramla, Israel: A case study from the upper sequence

    Oz Varoner, Ofer Marder, Meir Orbach, Reuven Yeshurun, Yossi Zaidner
    Abstract

    The mid-Middle Paleolithic (late Marine Isotope Stage 6 and Marine Isotope Stage 5) is the least documented phase of the Levantine Middle Paleolithic (MP), especially concerning flint provisioning strategies. Our study of raw material exploitation at Nesher Ramla karst sinkhole (central Coastal Plain, Israel) provides an intriguing glimpse into the decision making of

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  • 14 Aug 2021 Journal Article Quaternary Research

    Evidence for Middle Palaeolithic occupation and landscape change in central Armenia at the open-air site of Alapars-1

    Ariel Malinsky-Buller, Phil Glauberman, Keith N Wilkinson, Bo Li, Ellery Frahm, Boris Gasparyan, Rhys Timms, Daniel S Adler, Jennifer Sherriff
    Abstract

    Here we report the findings from excavations at the open-air Middle Palaeolithic site of Alapars-1 in central Armenia. Three stratified Palaeolithic artefact assemblages were found within a 6-m-thick alluvial-aeolian sequence, located on the flanks of an obsidian-bearing lava dome. Combined sedimentological and chronological analyses reveal three phases of sedimentation

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  • 3 Aug 2021 Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

    Rare crested rat subfossils unveil Afro-Eurasian ecological corridors synchronous with early human dispersals

    Ignacio A Lazagabaster, Valentina Rovelli, Pierre-Henri Fabre, Roi Porat, Micka Ullman, Uri Davidovich, Tal Lavi, Amir Ganor, Eitan Klein, Keren Weiss, Perach Nuriel, Meirav Meiri, Nimrod Marom
    Abstract

    Biotic interactions between Africa and Eurasia across the Levant have invoked particular attention among scientists aiming to unravel early human dispersals. However, it remains unclear whether behavioral capacities enabled early modern humans to surpass the Saharo–Arabian deserts or if climatic changes triggered punctuated dispersals out of Africa. Here, we report an

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  • Aug 2021 Book Chapter Times of Transition - Judea in the Early Hellenistic Period

    Political Trends as Reflected in the Material Culture

    Abstract

    The transition from the Persian to the early Hellenistic period is well recorded in the historical sources. The 4th century BCE was characterized by instability in the Persian empire. According to the literary sources, when Alexander the Great conquered the region in 332 BCE, he faced major military resistance only at Tyre and Gaza. In addition, soon after the conquest

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  • Aug 2021 Journal Article Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

    A multi-proxy approach to Middle Paleolithic mobility: A case study from the open-air site of ‘Ein Qashish (Israel)

    Abstract

    The archaeological literature contains ample suggestions for lithics-based proxies of mobility, often used individually. In this study we use a combination of proxies to address changes in mobility in a persistent Late Middle Paleolithic open-air locality in the Levant (‘Ein Qashish). Low densities of finds (lithic and fauna) at 'Ein Qashish are consistent with short-term

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  • 30 Jul 2021 Journal Article Vetus Testamentum

    Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer: Bronze Age Cities in Iron Age Context

    Yosef Garfinkel, Michael Pietsch
    Abstract

    The historical King Solomon has been discussed and debated by many scholars over the years. It is interesting, however, to see that the historicity of the city list of Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer has been accepted by traditional and more radical scholars alike, who have suggested historical contexts in the 10th, 9th, or 8th century BCE for it. In this article we examine

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  • 29 Jul 2021 Book Chapter Ramla: City of Muslim Palestine, 715-1917: Studies in History, Archaeology and Architecture

    The West Door of the Great (al-ʿUmarī) Mosque of Ramla and its Late Ottoman Transformation

    Abstract

    The main entrance to a monumental building – especially a house of prayer, where the door has a deeply symbolic meaning – is usually designed to create a special decorative effect, whether quietly restrained or highly elaborate. The main door often synthesizes both the message and the artistic style of a building and for this reason is usually described in detail in

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  • 28 Jul 2021 Journal Article Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology

    The Beth Shean Valley and its Vicinity in the 10th Century BCE

    Abstract

    This article brings together results of archaeological explorations related to the 10th century BCE in the Beth Shean Valley, with emphasis on the excavations at Tel Beth Shean and Tel Reḥov. The evidence is evaluated in light of two transitions that occurred during this century: from the Iron Age I to the early Iron Age IIA and from the early Iron Age IIA to the late

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  • 28 Jul 2021 Journal Article Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology

    Identifying Local Learning Communities During the Terminal Palaeolithic in the Southern Levant: Multi-scale 3-D Analysis of Flint Cores

    Abstract

    A methodology for identifying prehistoric local learning communities is proposed. We wish to test possible relationships among communities based on continuity and variability in lithic reduction sequence technological traits with different visibility and malleability. Quantitative features reflecting different technological traits are measured on 3-D models of flint

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  • 26 Jul 2021 Journal Article Plos One

    Toward the identification of social signatures in ceramic production - An archaeological case study

    Abstract

    Ceramic analysis has been concerned with categorizing types according to vessel shape and size for describing a given material culture at a particular time. This analysis' long tradition has enabled archaeologists to define cultural units across time. However, going into the analysis of sub-typological variations is rarely done, although their meanings bear significant

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  • 22 Jul 2021 Journal Article Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology

    Contextualizing an Iron Age IIA Hoard of Astragali from Tel Abel Beth Maacah, Israel

    Matthew Susnow, Nimrod Marom, Ariel Shatil, Nava Panitz-Cohen, Robert A Mullins, Naama Yahalom-Mack
    Abstract

    Astragali, the knuckle or ankle bones of mammals, have been collected, used and modified by humans in different parts of the world for millennia. Large hoards dating from Iron Age IIA (tenth–ninth centuries BC) are attested at a number of sites in the southern Levant, and a recently discovered hoard of 406 astragali at Tel Abel Beth Maacah in northern Israel presents

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  • 4 Jul 2021 Journal Article Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology

    The Study of the 10th Century BCE in the Early 21st Century CE: An Overview

    Abstract

    This introduction presents a context for the collection of 15 articles published in the first volume of the new journal: Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology. These publications are the outcome of the conference on state formation processes in the 10th century BCE Levant.

  • 1 Jul 2021 Journal Article Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology

    The 10th Century BCE in Judah: Archaeology and the Biblical Tradition

    Abstract

    In the framework of the regional project in the Judean Shephelah, which started in 2007, four sites were investigated: Khirbet Qeiyafa, Khirbet el-Ra‘i, Socoh, and Lachish. The data for the 10th century is presented here together with the relevant biblical traditions. The data is analyzed according to an urban geography model and the gradual development and territorial

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  • Jul 2021 Journal Article American Journal of Archaeology

    The Canaanite and Judean Cities of Lachish, Israel: Preliminary Report of the Fourth Expedition, 2013–2017

    Yosef Garfinkel, Michael G Hasel, Martin G Klingbeil, Igor Kreimerman, Michael Pytlik, Jon W Carroll, Jonathan W B Waybright, Hoo-Goo Kang, Gwanghyun Choi, Sang-Yeup Chang, Soonhwa Hong, Arlette David, Itamar Weissbein, Noam Silverberg
    Abstract

    Ancient Lachish (Tell ed-Duweir) in southern Israel is a key site for understanding the Canaanite cultures of the Middle and Late Bronze Ages and the Kingdom of Judah in the Iron Age of the Levant. It has been intensively excavated since 1932 by a number of entities. This article presents the excavation results by the Fourth Expedition to Lachish in 2013-2017. Fieldwork

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  • 30 Jun 2021 Journal Article Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology

    The Fortifications of Areas CC and BC at Tel Lachish

    Hoo-Goo Kang, Yosef Garfinkel
    Abstract

    During the Fourth Expedition to Tel Lachish in the years 2014-2017 a series of fortifications was uncovered in Area CC, in the center of the northern edge of the mound. In addition to the previously known city walls of Levels I–IV, the expedition discovered a new city wall, built in Level V and dated to the late 10th and the first half of the 9th centuries

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  • 30 Jun 2021 Journal Article Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology

    Royal Architecture in the Iron Age Levant

    Abstract

    In the Iron Age II, during the 10th to 6th centuries BCE, the local rulers of the Levant developed an elite style of architecture. The aim of this study is to define this phenomenon, summarize the data, and evaluate the appearance and distribution in the Levant of this architectural style. The six prominent characteristics of the royal style are recessed openings of

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  • 25 Jun 2021 Journal Article Science

    A Middle Pleistocene Homo from Nesher Ramla, Israel

    Israel Hershkovitz, Hila May, Rachel Sarig, Ariel Pokhojaev, Dominique Grimaud-Hervé, Emiliano Bruner, Cinzia Fornai, Rolf Quam, Juan Luis Arsuaga, Viktoria A Krenn, María Martinón-Torres, José María Bermúdez de Castro, Laura Martín-Francés, Viviane Slon, Lou Albessard-Ball, Amélie Vialet, Tim Schüler, Giorgio Manzi, Antonio Profico, Fabio Di Vincenzo, Gerhard W Weber, Yossi Zaidner
    Abstract

    It has long been believed that Neanderthals originated and flourished on the European continent. However, recent morphological and genetic studies have suggested that they may have received a genetic contribution from a yet unknown non-European group. Here we report on the recent discovery of archaic Homo fossils from the site of Nesher Ramla, Israel, which we dated to

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  • 25 Jun 2021 Journal Article Science

    Middle Pleistocene Homo behavior and culture at 140,000 to 120,000 years ago and interactions with Homo sapiens

    Yossi Zaidner, Laura Centi, Marion Prevost, Norbert Mercier, Christophe Falguères, Gilles Guérin, Helene Valladas, Maïlys Richard, Asmodée Galy, Christophe Pécheyran, Olivier Tombret, Edwige Pons-Branchu, Naomi Porat, Ruth Shahack-Gross, David E Friesem, Reuven Yeshurun, Zohar Turgeman-Yaffe, Amos Frumkin, Gadi Herzlinger, Ravid Ekshtain, Maayan Shemer, Oz Varoner, Rachel Sarig, Hila May, Israel Hershkovitz
    Abstract

    Fossils of a Middle Pleistocene (MP) Homo within a well-defined archaeological context at the open-air site of Nesher Ramla, Israel, shed light on MP Homo culture and behavior. Radiometric ages, along with cultural and stratigraphic considerations, suggest that the fossils are 140,000 to 120,000 years old, chronologically overlapping with H. sapiens in western Asia

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  • 25 Jun 2021 Book Review The Journal of Ecclesiastical History

    Syria. Archéologie, art et histoire, XCVI: Annéé 2019. Dossier: Églises paléo-chrétiennes à absides saillantes au Levant. À propos de nouvelles découvertes. Coordinated by W. Khoury and M.-C. Comte.

    Abstract

    The present review addresses only the first part of this Tome – the thematic folder (Dossier, pp. 11–258). Its focal point is the chevet of the martyrium of St Simeon the Stylite (d. c. 459) at Qalʿat Semʿan, Syria, and its architectural interrelation and impact on the chevets of other churches of the Levant. This sumptuous martyrium, erected during the years 470–90

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  • 11 Jun 2021 Journal Article Quaternary International

    The Middle Paleolithic ground stones tools of Nesher Ramla unit V (Southern Levant): A multi-scale use-wear approach for assessing the assemblage functional variability

    Eduardo Paixão, João Marreiros, Laure Dubreuil, Walter Gneisinger, Geoff Carver, Marion Prevost, Yossi Zaidner
    Abstract

    In the archaeological record, Ground Stone Tools (hereafter GST) represent an important tool group that provides invaluable data for exploring technological development and changes in resource exploitation over time. Despite its importance, Lower and Middle Paleolithic (MP) GST technology remains poorly known and understudied. The MP record of the Levant constitutes a

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  • 8 Jun 2021 Journal Article Altorientalische Forschungen

    “The Shepherd, What Has He Done?”: An Emesal Lament over Dumuzi from the Old Babylonian Period and the First Millennium BCE

    Abstract

    The article publishes an Old Babylonian syllabically written tablet of the Eršema su₈-ba-de₃ ta an-ak, “The shepherd, what has he done?” with duplicates from the first millennium BCE stemming from Nineveh. The composition laments the disappearance of Dumuzi.

  • 8 Jun 2021 Journal Article Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

    Back to base: re-thinking variations in settlement and mobility behaviors in the Levantine Late Middle Paleolithic as seen from Shovakh Cave

    Abstract

    Shovakh cave is a late Middle Paleolithic cave site in Northern Israel, situated ca. 8 km from the Sea of Galilee. The Cave was originally was excavated by Sally Binford in 1962, and results of the analyses of its lithic assemblages played a major role in the then-raging Bordes-Binford debate, as well as in the initiation of the field of inquires known as “technological

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  • 4 Jun 2021 Journal Article Biogeosciences

    Microbial and geo-archaeological records reveal the growth rate, origin and composition of desert rock surface communities

    Nimrod Wieler, Tali Erickson-Gini, Osnat Gillor, Roey Angel
    Abstract

    Abstract. Biological rock crusts (BRCs) are ubiquitous features of rock surfaces in drylands composed of slow-growing microbial assemblages. BRC presence is often correlated with rock weathering, soiling effect or mitigating geomorphic processes. However, their development rate is still unknown. In this work, we characterised and dated BRCs in an arid environment, under

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  • Jun 2021 Journal Article Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

    Using mechanical experiments to study ground stone tool use: Exploring the formation of percussive and grinding wear traces on limestone tools

    Eduardo Paixão, Antonella Pedergnana, João Marreiros, Laure Dubreuil, Marion Prevost, Yossi Zaidner, Geoff Carver, Walter Gneisinger
    Abstract

    Ground Stone Tools (GST) have been identified in several Levantine archaeological sites dating to the Middle Paleolithic. These tools, frequently made of limestone, are often interpreted based on their morphology and damage as having been used for knapping flint, and sometimes for breaking animal bones or processing vegetal materials as well. However, the lack of

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  • Jun 2021 Journal Article Journal of Field Archaeology

    Qedesh in the Galilee: The Emergence of an Early Bronze Age Levantine Megasite

    Abstract

    The Early Bronze Age (ca. 3700–2500 b.c.) was an era of wide-ranging changes in the Southern and Central Levant, commonly interpreted in the context of the advent of urban structures in this region. Key elements in regional narratives of urbanization are large fortified sites viewed as regional centers, whose local history is often perceived as a paradigmatic expression

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  • 26 May 2021 Book Chapter The Fire Signals of Lachish

    Tel Reḥov in the Assyrian Period: Squatters, Burials, and a Hebrew Seal

    Amihai Mazar, Shmuel Aḥituv
    Abstract

    The excavations at Tel Reḥov have revealed one of the largest Iron Age cities in Israel (Mazar 2007; see publications in www.rehov.org).1 The city suffered two major blows: the earlier one (at the end of Stratum IV, during the second half of the 9th century b.c.e.) is attributed to a conquest by the Arameans, probably during the wars between Hazael and Israel following

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  • 21 May 2021 Book Chapter Ramat Raḥel IV

    Survey and Excavations of Subterranean Features Between Areas D6 and C1

    Abstract

    This chapter presents the results of an underground survey conducted as part of the 2006 season between Areas D1-D6 to the east and Area C1 to the west, and of the 2009 season excavations of one of the features—a “twin” ritual bath (miqveh) from the Late Second Temple period. The survey was undertaken by a team from the Israeli Cave Research Center (ICRC), Institute of

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  • 18 May 2021 Journal Article Levant

    A stamped sealing from Middle Chalcolithic Tel Tsaf: implications for the rise of administrative practices in the Levant

    Michael Freikman, David Ben-Shlomo, Yosef Garfinkel
    Abstract

    This article describes and discusses a stamped sealing found at Middle Chalcolithic Tel Tsaf (5th millennium BCE). This is the earliest stamped sealing found in the southern Levant. The article describes the object, as well as its petrographic composition, find-spot and parallels. Furthermore, the artefact’s implications for the rise of administrative practices in the

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  • 6 May 2021 Journal Article Quaternary International

    The charcoal assemblage from Nesher Ramla, Israel: A contribution to the paleo-environmental dataset from Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 in the Levant

    Ethel Allué, Yossi Zaidner
    Abstract

    This paper presents the results of the wood charcoal analyses from the Middle Paleolithic open-air site at Nesher Ramla, on the central coastal plain of Israel. The study focuses on the interpretation of the charcoals left by fires used by Middle Paleolithic hominins during early Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5. Moreover, this study sheds light on the arboreal taxa present

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  • May 2021 Journal Article Journal of Human Evolution

    Complexity and sophistication of Early Middle Paleolithic flint tools revealed through use-wear analysis of tools from Misliya Cave, Mount Carmel, Israel

    Iris Groman-Yaroslavski, Yossi Zaidner, Mina Weinstein-Evron
    Abstract

    The Early Middle Paleolithic (EMP) is a less-studied phase of the Levantine Middle Paleolithic, attributable to the small number of sites discovered. Drawing on the dense archaeological accumulations at Misliya Cave, Mount Carmel, Israel, the present study seeks to trace EMP daily activities and behavioral patterns through the prism of use-wear analysis. The emergence

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  • 17 Apr 2021 Journal Article Quaternary International

    The early Pre-Pottery Neolithic B site at Nesher-Ramla Quarry, Israel

    Micka Ullman, Lena Brailovsky, Heeli C Schechter, Lior Weissbrod, Roni Zuckerman-Cooper, Michael B Toffolo, Valentina Caracuta, Elisabetta Boaretto, Steve Weiner, Julia Abramov, Daniella E Bar-Yosef Mayer, Vladimir Wolff Avrutis, Shlomo Kol-Ya'kov, Amos Frumkin
    Abstract

    Routine quarrying activity at the Nesher-Ramla Quarry, in the Judean Lowlands, Israel, has recently exposed a new Early Holocene archaeological site located in a small natural sinkhole, one of many dolines scattered in the area, dated to the Early Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (EPPNB). It is the first site of this period to be uncovered in the narrow strip of land between

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  • 16 Apr 2021 Journal Article Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology

    Local Technological Traditions in the Early and Middle Epipaleolithic of Ein Gev Area

    Abstract

    In the Levant, the Epipalaeolithic is a long sequence of cultural entities dated between ca. 24,000 to 11,500 cal BP. Different Epipalaeolithic entities are mainly defined based on chronological and geographical patterns in the produced types of microliths. However, typological variability provides limited information on the dynamics of the local learning communities

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  • 16 Apr 2021 Journal Article Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology

    The Levallois Flaking System in Nesher Ramla Upper Sequence

    Abstract

    Nesher Ramla is an open-air Middle Palaeolithic site located in central Israel, whose entire archaeological sequence is dated to the end of MIS 6 and MIS 5. This paper focuses on the analysis of the Levallois system along the 5-m-thick Upper sequence of the site (units I–II). The Levallois system at Nesher Ramla is characterised by the use of the centripetal method for

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  • 15 Apr 2021 Journal Article Antiquity

    Early alphabetic writing in the ancient Near East: the ‘missing link’ from Tel Lachish

    Felix Höflmayer, Haggai Misgav, LyndelleL Webster, Katharina Streit
    Abstract

    The origin of alphabetic script lies in second-millennium BC Bronze Age Levantine societies. A chronological gap, however, divides the earliest evidence from the Sinai and Egypt—dated to the nineteenth century BC—and from the thirteenth-century BC corpus in Palestine. Here, the authors report a newly discovered Late Bronze Age alphabetic inscription from Tel Lachish

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  • 14 Apr 2021 Journal Article Journal of Near Eastern Studies

    Perforated Astragali in the Levant and Four Babylonian Omens

    Abstract

    This article investigates a connection between hoards of astragali (ankle bones) and the ritual use of these bones in the practice of extispicy. A number of sites in the southern Levant during the Iron IIA (10th-9th centuries BC) have yielded very large deposits of astragali, often from cultic contexts. The two prevailing theories explaining the function of astragali

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  • 12 Apr 2021 Book Chapter Early Christian Encounters with Town and Countryside

    Urban and Rural Synagogues in Late Antique Palestine: Is there That Much of a Difference between Them?

    Abstract

    Many synagogues in ancient Palestine were monumentally built and decorated with stone reliefs, while others, architecturally less ornate, were embellished on their interior with colorful figurative mosaics. These buildings were prominent in both the urban and rural landscapes of the Second Temple period and after the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple, mainly from the

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  • 5 Apr 2021 Journal Article Quaternary International

    Tool wielding and activities at the Middle Paleolithic site of Nesher Ramla, Israel: A use-wear analysis of major tool types from unit III

    Iris Groman-Yaroslavski, Marion Prevost, Yossi Zaidner
    Abstract

    This paper communicates the results of a detailed use-wear analysis of flint tools from Unit III of Nesher Ramla, central Israel, an open-air Middle Paleolithic site, dated to Marine Isotope Stage 5. The analyzed sample consists of 966 artifacts that represent major techno-typological categories; scrapers, tools with a lateral tranchet blow, naturally backed knives and

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  • 2 Apr 2021 Journal Article Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

    Exceptional shell depositions at PPNB Yiftahel

    Heeli C Schechter, Nimrod Getzov, Hamoudi Khalaily, Ianir Milevski, A Nigel Goring-Morris, Daniella E Bar-Yosef Mayer
    Abstract

    Shells found at the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B site of Yiftahel reflect various aspects of the cultic, social, and economic life at the site. Taxonomically, the assemblage is typical to sites in the Mediterranean climatic zone, dominated by Mediterranean bivalves with several local gastropods and a few specimens originating from the Red Sea. This composition reflects the

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  • Apr 2021 Book Chapter Diversity and Rabbinization: Jewish Texts and Societies between 400 and 1000 CE

    Diversity in the Ancient Synagogue of Roman-Byzantine Palestine: Historical Implications

    Abstract

    Synagogue remains from Roman-Byzantine Palestine far exceed those from the early Roman period. Of the more than one hundred sites with such remains, almost 90 percent date to Late Antiquity and display a remarkable diversity relating to almost every facet of the institution. Some structures were monumental and imposing (e.g., Capernaum), while others were modest and

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  • Apr 2021 Book Chapter Early Christian Encounters with Town and Countryside: Essays on the Urban and Rural Worlds of Early Christianity

    Urban and Rural Synagogues in Late Antique Palestine

    Abstract

    Many synagogues in ancient Palestine were monumentally built and decorated with stone reliefs, while others, architecturally less ornate, were embellished on their interior with colorful figurative mosaics. These buildings were prominent in both the urban and rural landscapes of the Second Temple period and after the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple, mainly from the

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  • 31 Mar 2021 Book Chapter The Middle Maccabees: Archaeology, History, and the Rise of the Hasmonean Kingdom

    Galilee in the Second Century BCE:: Material Culture and Ethnic Identity

    Abstract

    The Hellenistic era is one of the least-known periods in the history of the Galilee. Except for vague hints in the books of Chronicles, Judith, and Tobit (whose historicity is uncertain), and two or three sites mentioned by Polybius and the Zenon papyri, we have no sources referring to the Galilee from the Assyrian conquest, in the eighth century BCE, until the Hasmonean

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  • 25 Mar 2021 Book Chapter The Oxford Handbook of Wisdom and the Bible

    Mesopotamian Wisdom Literature

    Yoram Cohen, Nathan Wasserman
    Abstract

    This chapter provides an overview of Mesopotamian Wisdom Literature. The introduction discusses the origins and distribution of Mesopotamian Wisdom Literature. It moves on to demonstrate how Mesopotamian Wisdom Literature can be approached. The chapter treats four subcategories of Wisdom Literature: proverbs and instructions, Vanity Theme works, existential works, and

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  • 25 Mar 2021 Journal Article Quaternary International

    The distribution and treatment of fire remains across Unit V of the Middle Paleolithic open-air site of Nesher Ramla, Israel

    Alyssa Victoria Pietraszek, Yossi Zaidner, Ruth Shahack-Gross
    Abstract

    While abundant evidence for the use of fire has been identified for the Paleolithic period in the Levant, little evidence has come from open-air sites. This scarcity has brought into question the preservation potential of fragile fire remains at this type of site, which is normally exposed to wind deflation and fluvial erosion, and whether or not fire was used at all

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  • 22 Mar 2021 Book Review Journal of Roman Archaeology

    A new book on Hasmonean, Herodian, and Roman Jerusalem

    Abstract

    More than 100 years have elapsed since the magnum opus of Vincent and Abel – Jérusalem nouvelle (Reference Vincent and Abel1914–26) – first appeared in print, and the history and archaeology of ancient Jerusalem continue to inspire scholars, presenting new finds and observations. Numerous articles are published each year, and three books have appeared recently dealing

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  • 8 Mar 2021 Journal Article Quaternary International

    Raw material exploitation at the Middle Paleolithic site of Nesher Ramla, Israel

    Abstract

    The affordance of raw materials around prehistoric sites can affect knappers’ decision-making process regarding raw material procurement. The Levant presents a rich flint affordance area in which a case study on the organizational decisions of hunter-gatherers regarding raw materials can be tested. Here we examine Unit IIb from the Nesher Ramla site (MIS 5), located in

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  • Mar 2021 Journal Article Palaeontology

    Taxonomic identification using virtual palaeontology and geometric morphometrics: a case study of Jurassic nerineoidean gastropods

    Yael Leshno Afriat, Yael Edelman-Furstenberg, Rivka Rabinovich, Jonathan A Todd, Hila May
    Abstract

    Taxonomic identification of fossils is fundamental to a wide range of geological and biological disciplines. Many fossil groups are identified based on expert judgement, which requires extensive experience and is not always available for the specific taxonomic group at hand. Nerineoideans, a group of extinct gastropods that formed a major component of Mesozoic shallow

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  • 25 Feb 2021 Journal Article Plos One

    The anurans and squamates assemblage from Final Natufian Eynan (Ain Mallaha, Israel) with an emphasis on snake-human interactions

    Rebecca Biton, Salvador Bailon, Michal Birkenfeld, Anne Bridault, Hamoudi Khalaily, François Raymond Valla, Rivka Rabinovich
    Abstract

    During the Natufian period, more than 12,000 years ago, Eynan (Ain Mallaha) was an important human settlement in the Hula Valley, Israel. This study concentrates on the anuran and squamate assemblage from the ultimate stage of the Natufian period at the site, the Final Natufian. Over five thousand bones assigned to at least sixteen taxa were studied from a sampled

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  • 23 Feb 2021 Journal Article Environmental Archaeology

    Ancient Spring Tunnels of Jerusalem, Israel: Physical, Spatial, and Human Aspects

    Abstract

    About 210 spring tunnels were developed in Israel, most of them within its central mountain range and especially in the Jerusalem Hills. This phenomenon probably first appeared in Israel during Iron Age II, around the 8th century BCE. Spring tunnels are associated with the development of irrigated agricultural systems, landscape design and the establishment of rural

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  • 22 Feb 2021 Book Chapter Lists and Catalogues in Ancient Literature and Beyond

    Lists and Chains: Enumeration in Akkadian Literary Texts. With an appendix on this Device in Borges and Hughes

    Abstract

    Lists, in their most basic meaning — longer or shorter sequences of words — are an essential part of the ancient Mesopotamian literary tradition. Since Mesopotamian literature (along with Egyptian), is the earliest recorded literary tradition in the world, we can say with some certainty that lists are a basic component of world literature. In this article I draw a

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  • 11 Feb 2021 Journal Article Scientific Reports

    Changes in the large carnivore community structure of the Judean Desert in connection to Holocene human settlement dynamics

    Ignacio A Lazagabaster, Micka Ullman, Roi Porat, Romi Halevi, Naomi Porat, Uri Davidovich, Nimrod Marom
    Abstract

    Investigating historical anthropogenic impacts on faunal communities is key to understanding present patterns of biodiversity and holds important implications for conservation biology. While several studies have demonstrated the human role in the extinction of large herbivores, effective methods to study human interference on large carnivores in the past are limited by

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  • 4 Feb 2021 Journal Article Plos One

    Short-term occupations at high elevation during the Middle Paleolithic at Kalavan 2 (Republic of Armenia)

    Ariel Malinsky-Buller, Philip Glauberman, Vincent Ollivier, Tobias Lauer, Rhys Timms, Ellery Frahm, Alex Brittingham, Benno Triller, Lutz Kindler, Monika Knul, Masha Krakovsky, Sebastian Joannin, Michael T Hren, Olivier Bellier, Alexander Clark, Simon Blockley, Dimidry Arakelyan, João Marreiros, Eduardo Paixaco, Ivan Calandra, Robert Ghukasyan, David Nora, Nadav Nir, Ani Adigyozalyan, Hayk Haydosyan, Boris Gasparyan
    Abstract

    The Armenian highlands encompasses rugged and environmentally diverse landscapes and is characterized by a mosaic of distinct ecological niches and large temperature gradients. Strong seasonal fluctuations in resource availability along topographic gradients likely prompted Pleistocene hominin groups to adapt by adjusting their mobility strategies. However, the role

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  • 1 Feb 2021 Journal Article Quaternary Science Reviews

    The expansion of the Acheulian to the Southeastern Ethiopian Highlands: Insights from the new early Pleistocene site-complex of Melka Wakena

    Erella Hovers, Tegenu Gossa, Asfawossen Asrat, Elizabeth M Niespolo, Angesom Resom, Paul R Renne, Ravid Ekshtain, Gadi Herzlinger, Natnael Ketema, Bienvenido Martinez-Navarro
    Abstract

    Current models of early hominin biological and cultural evolution are shaped almost entirely by the data accumulated from the East African Rift System (EARS) over the last decades. In contrast, little is known about the archaeological record from the high-elevation regions on either side of the Rift. Melka Wakena is a newly discovered site-complex on the Southeastern

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  • 20 Jan 2021 Journal Article Quaternary International

    Early evidence for symbolic behavior in the Levantine Middle Paleolithic: A 120 ka old engraved aurochs bone shaft from the open-air site of Nesher Ramla, Israel

    Marion Prevost, Iris Groman-Yaroslavski, Kathryn M Crater Gershtein, José-Miguel Tejero, Yossi Zaidner
    Abstract

    During the Middle Paleolithic in Eurasia, the production of deliberate, abstract engraving on bone or stone materials is a rare phenomenon. It is now widely accepted that both anatomically modern humans and hominins that predate them have produced deliberate engravings associated with symbolic behavior. Within the Levantine Middle Paleolithic context, only five examples

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  • 7 Jan 2021 Journal Article Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology

    The Early Iron Age IIA Ceramic Assemblage from Khirbet al-Ra‘i

    Zachary Thomas, Kyle H Keimer, Yosef Garfinkel
    Abstract

    The early 10th-century BCE pottery assemblage from Khirbet al-Ra‘I is presented. The assemblage, which came from a few rooms that were suddenly destroyed, offers a large number of complete profiles. This is the second largest pottery assemblage, after that of Khirbet Qeiyafa, of this poorly known ceramic phase.

  • 2 Jan 2021 Journal Article Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

    Specialized aquatic resource exploitation at the Late Natufian site of Nahal Ein Gev II, Israel

    Natalie D Munro, AN Petrillo, Leore Grosman
    Abstract

    This paper investigates aquatic resource exploitation at the Late Natufian site (ca. 12,000 cal. BP) of Nahal Ein Gev II located 2 km east of the Sea of Galilee. Aquatic game, here fish and waterfowl, were an important component of the diverse small game resources that became important in the Late Epipaleolithic in Southwest Asia. We characterize local adaptations to

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  • Jan 2021 Book Chapter Culture of Defeat

    Defeat Literature in the Cult of the Victorious: Ancient Mesopotamian Sumerian City Laments

    Abstract

    Laments over the destruction of temples and cities were part of the regular cult in temples throughout Mesopotamia from at least 2000 BCE until the beginning of the Common Era. What is the significance of emphasizing defeat on a regular basis? This article will demonstrate that these laments should not be taken literally as literary reflections of actual historical

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  • Jan 2021 Journal Article Journal of Archaeological Science

    Debasement of silver throughout the Late Bronze – Iron Age transition in the Southern Levant: Analytical and cultural implications

    Tzilla Eshel, Ayelet Gilboa, Naama Yahalom-Mack, Ofir Tirosh, Yigal Erel
    Abstract

    The study of silver, which was an important mean of currency in the Southern Levant during the Bronze and Iron Age periods (~1950–586 BCE), revealed an unusual phenomenon. Silver hoards from a specific, yet rather long timespan, ~1200–950 BCE, contained mostly silver alloyed with copper. This alloying phenomenon is considered here for the first time, also with respect

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  • 2021 Journal Article תעודה