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  • 12 Apr 2022 Journal Article German Law Journal

    Regulators’ Mindsets, Ingroup Favoritism, and the National Treatment Obligation in World Trade Organization Law

    Abstract

    Decision-making processes leading to governmental measures affecting international trade involve socio-cognitive processes, biases, and sociocultural factors. The legal prohibition of discrimination against imported products constitutes a fundamental principle of World Trade Organization (WTO) law, but discrimination against foreign products is widespread. This study

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  • 5 Apr 2022 Book Review Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs

    Powering Empire: How Coal Made the Middle East and Sparked Global Carbonization by On Barak (Oakland: University of California Press, 2020), 321 pages

    Abstract

    It is widely recognized that oil has had a profound role in shaping the Middle East.' Indeed, one cannot separate the discovery of oil and its abundance in the region (or in some countries, the lack of it) from almost any discussion of security, political, economic, social, or cultural aspects related to the domestic and inter-national spheres of the region and of the

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  • 25 Mar 2022 Journal Article International Relations

    Dealing with guilt and shame in international politics

    Lotem Bassan-Nygate, Gadi Heimann
    Abstract

    State and non-state actors often try to provoke moral emotions like guilt and shame to mobilize political change. However, tactics such as `naming and shaming’ are often ineffective, suggesting that policy makers engage in norm violations in ways that minimize moral emotions. We argue that when violating norms, decision makers deal with guilt and shame through coping

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  • 17 Mar 2022 Journal Article Political Geography

    The impact of precarious security conditions on renewable electrification: The case of the West Bank

    Abstract

    Recent energy-related writing has highlighted the spatiality of renewable energy and its possible affinity to geopolitics. Yet, energy geography and geopolitics literature lack reference to security and how it may shape the energy landscape. This study unpacks the elusive concepts of security and territoriality and operationalizes them into measurable variables. Using

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  • 9 Mar 2022 Book Review Perspectives on Politics

    Everyday Peace: How So-Called Ordinary People Can Disrupt Violent Conflict. By Roger Mac Ginty.

    Abstract

    Roger Mac Ginty’s book is a fascinating and welcome attempt in the literature of peace studies to unveil a lacuna that many mainstream IR peace scholars (like myself) have usually ignored in the last three decades: the “micro-level” and “hyper-local” levels of analysis that focus on individuals, ‘real’ people, and small groups, in prompting practices of peace, toleration

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  • 9 Mar 2022 Response Perspectives on Politics

    Response to Roger Mac Ginty’s Review of The Unintended Consequences of Peace: Peaceful Borders and Illicit Transnational Flows

    Abstract

    I want to thank Roger Mac Ginty for his thoughtful review of our book. Let me clarify several points that emerge from it. First, the experiences reflected in the open border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland do not necessary contrast or contradict, but rather complement, the realities of peaceful borders and illicit transnational flows analyzed in

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  • 8 Mar 2022 Journal Article Journal of Strategic Studies

    Imagining total onslaught: South African military threat scenarios and doctrinal change, 1953–1975

    Alon Posner
    Abstract

    The Apartheid-era South African military (SADF) underwent dramatic peacetime changes, from a small and underfunded expeditionary element of Commonwealth forces in the 1950s to a regime bulwark with regional capabilities under ‘Total Strategy’ in the mid-1970s. By comparing internal assessments, changes in the SADF’s official view of future wars are traced through security

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  • 16 Feb 2022 Journal Article Foreign Policy Analysis

    The Benefits of Friendliness: The Consequences of Positive Interpersonal Relations for Interstate Politics

    Abstract

    While most international relations (IR) scholars tend to minimize the effect of relations between statespersons on foreign policy, this article argues that interpersonal relationships have more weight than the literature suggests. On the basis of twenty-one interviews conducted with senior Israeli statespersons, we propose a two-level model-linking positive interaction

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  • 8 Feb 2022 Journal Article Social Studies of Science

    Imagining a ‘Jewish atom bomb’, constructing a scientific diaspora

    Abstract

    The nexus between transnational mobilization and Science and Technology Studies (STS) offers a productive platform for studying the formation of scientific activism, the influence of mobilization on scientific developments, and the ways science is used to achieve government goals. Integrating concepts from both sets of literature – particularly national sociotechnical imaginaries

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  • 8 Feb 2022 Journal Article Intellectual History Review

    Moral theology and the historian’s conscience: is there a license to besmirch?

    Abstract

    This article examines how Catholic moral theologians analysed the constraints imposed by the rights of the dead to their good name on historical writing and research. The concern of Catholic moral theologians for persons’ rights to their good name coupled with their concern for the rights of dead persons placed serious moral constraints on the work of historians. At

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  • 27 Jan 2022 Journal Article Journal of Urban Affairs

    Leadership development in divided cities: The Homecomer, Middleman, and Pathfinder

    Abstract

    Group leaders play a vital role in divided cities, particularly in local problem-solving and in everyday contestations. Their role as negotiators makes them perfectly positioned to promote urban processes for the group to which they belong but also raises questions regarding their loyalty. Seeking to understand these individuals’ thinking, this study asks how leaders

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  • 27 Jan 2022 Journal Article The British Journal of Politics and International Relations

    The populist way out: Why contemporary populist leaders seek transnational legitimation

    Abstract

    This article aims to contribute to the growing academic debate on the transnational drivers and patterns of contemporary populism. As populist leaderships expand both politically and geographically, the very nature of the populist phenomenon is changing, as it is increasingly being projected on the international stage. Contemporary populist leaders show a growing

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  • 4 Jan 2022 Journal Article Global Intellectual History

    Madariaga, probabilism and the polysynodial regime of the Spanish monarchy

    Abstract

    This paper examines the use of the theological doctrine of probabilism by the Valencian political writer Juan de Madariaga in his Del senado y su príncipe of 1617. Madariaga’s work is but one example of the phenomenal diffusion of probabilism in political and legal writings in seventeenth century Spain. Such popularity must be understood in the institutional context of

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  • 29 Dec 2021 Journal Article Cambridge Review of International Affairs

    Cultural sanctions and ontological (in)security: operationalization in the context of mega-events

    Nimrod Rosler, Galia Press-Barnathan
    Abstract

    Cultural boycotts of mega-events often receive high media profile, but their effectiveness remains questioned. This effectiveness is influenced by their ability to generate ontological insecurity within the target state. However, measuring the impact of such threats is challenging in light of the evasive nature of the concept of ontological insecurity. Hence, we advance

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  • 17 Dec 2021 Journal Article Politics and Religion

    “I Will Bless Those Who Bless You”: Evangelicalism and Support for Israel in Latin America

    Abstract

    The relations of the Evangelical movement and Israel have drawn the attention of many scholars of religion, public opinion, and political science in the last two decades. This study examines the influence of Evangelicals on their country's policy toward Israel. I conduct the first quantitative, cross-national research, investigating the links between the size of the

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  • 16 Dec 2021 Journal Article A Companion to the Spanish Scholastics

    Jus post bellum

    Abstract

    The early modern scholastics’ detailed discussion of the justice of war also addressed the rights of victors. This chapter examines their views on the permissibility of killing and plundering — both of innocents and of culpable combatants — in the aftermath of victory. The focus is on Francisco de Vitoria, Francisco Suárez and Luis de Molina as well as Pedro de Lorca

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  • 15 Dec 2021 Journal Article The Journal of Interdisciplinary History

    An Early Power-Sharing Regime: The Alternativa System in Spanish Colonial America

    Abstract

    The alternativa system in Spanish American religious orders was an early example of deliberate electoral engineering to address the problem of social division. It was subject to criticism, however, for stealing voters’ freedom, ignoring the rights of candidates, and restricting access to competent officeholders. Moreover, it often gave disproportionate power to a minority

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  • 14 Dec 2021 Journal Article Journal of Language and Politics

    “These are not just slogans”: Assertions of friendship between states

    Abstract

    The goal of this study is to capture the meaning of interstate friendship from the perspective of international actors and to underline the benefits of analyzing speech acts as a tool for revealing the relational scripts that guide interstate relations. Analysis of the discourse surrounding 215 assertions of friendship made by statespersons in a variety of diplomatic

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  • 18 Nov 2021 Book Chapter Theorizing World Orders: Cognitive Evolution and Beyond

    Cognitive Evolution and World Ordering

    Vincent Pouliot, Markus Kornprobst, Piki Ish-Shalom
    Abstract

    This chapter provides an overview of how Adler’s social theory of cognitive evolution helps us study international orders. First, we compare and contrast world ordering theory with its main alternatives in International Relations, starting with Ikenberry’s. Second, we elaborate on the key building blocks of cognitive evolution theory, including evolution and process

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  • 16 Nov 2021 Book Chapter The Palgrave Handbook of Populism

    Global Populism

    Abstract

    In this chapter, the author explores the expanding academic output on global populism, analyzing the scientific progress achieved by International Relations scholars according to three different categories: sources, patterns, and effects. While the first section is devoted to explanations for the emergence of populism on the international scene, the other two sections

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  • Nov 2021 Edited Volume

    Theorizing World Orders: Cognitive Evolution and Beyond

    Piki Ish-Shalom, Markus Kornprobst, Vincent Pouliot
    Abstract

    Between the three of us, we share hundreds of Emanuel Adler's hours —we being the "Junta," or "Troika," or whatever name we ran by in the past three years or so — or we, the three devoted editors of this volume. So with all those hours there was only one thing that surprised us in the upcoming business of editing this book: Adler turns seventy. We do not even remember

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  • 1 Nov 2021 Journal Article Political Studies

    Do Sociotropic Concerns Mask Prejudice? Experimental Evidence on the Sources of Public Opposition to Immigration

    Abstract

    Does opposition to immigration mostly stem from prejudice or from sociotropic concerns about broad economic and cultural implications on the nation as a whole? Previous work on immigration preferences cannot answer this question because the two explanations are observationally equivalent when focusing on the attitudes of natives. I analyze a unique survey experiment

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  • 27 Oct 2021 Journal Article Contemporary Security Policy

    Politics is not everything: New perspectives on the public disclosure of intelligence by states

    Abstract

    Why do states deliberately disclose hard-earned intelligence? For political and operational reasons, Official Public Intelligence Disclosure (OPID) is often considered counterintuitive and ill-advised. However, as this practice proliferates in international affairs in recent years, extant scholarship emphasizes domestic political incentives for its employment. Drawing

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  • 17 Sep 2021 Journal Article International Affairs

    Conflict and cooperation in the age of COVID-19: the Israeli–Palestinian case

    Abstract

    How do disasters influence conflict and diplomacy in conflict areas? The scholarship shows that while they can provide opportunities for cooperation and ‘disaster diplomacy’ between parties to a conflict, they can also intensify tension and hostility. This article uses the Israeli–Palestinian conflict during the COVID-19 pandemic as a case study, exploring the impact

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  • 14 Sep 2021 Journal Article American Political Science Review

    Effective for Whom? Ethnic Identity and Nonviolent Resistance

    Devorah S Manekin, Tamar Mitts
    Abstract

    A growing literature finds that nonviolence is more successful than violence in effecting political change. We suggest that a focus on this association is incomplete, because it obscures the crucial influence of ethnic identity on campaign outcomes. We argue that because of prevalent negative stereotypes associating minority ethnic groups with violence, such groups are

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  • Sep 2021 Edited Volume

    International Law's Invisible Frames: Social Cognition and Knowledge Production in International Legal Processes

    Andrea Bianchi, Moshe Hirsch
    Abstract

    What is international law, and how does it work? This book argues that our answers to these fundamental questions are shaped by a variety of social cognition and knowledge production processes. These processes act as invisible frames, through which we understand international law. To better conceive the frames within which international law moves and performs, we must

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  • 25 Aug 2021 Journal Article World Trade Review

    High-Income Developing Countries, FDI Outflows and the International Investment Agreement Regime

    Yoram Z Haftel, Soo Yeon Kim, Lotem Bassan-Nygate
    Abstract

    The international investment agreement regime (IIA Regime) is composed of thousands of IIAs and a system of investor–state dispute settlement. Historically, high-income developing countries (HIDCs) were part of the global South and thus ‘hosts’ of foreign direct investment (FDI). Increasingly, however, these countries have become ‘home’ to investors who are hosted and

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  • 25 Aug 2021 Journal Article Energy Research & Social Science

    Penny wise or pound foolish? Compensation schemes and the attainment of community acceptance in renewable energy

    Abstract

    Compensation provision is a strategy used by developers and regulators to pacify local opposition and to reduce the costs and risks of project delays and potential cancellations. While compensation is widely used, understanding what compensation should accomplish is implicit in the rationales of different compensation schemes. This review explicates the possible

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  • 30 Jul 2021 Book Chapter Latin America in Global International Relations

    Alternative World Orders in an Age of Globalization: Latin American Scenarios and Responses

    Abstract

    In this chapter, we argue that there has been a rich and not-enough-emphasized literature from the Latin American region that has suggested responses, complementary and alternative scenarios to the world orders formulated in the North. We examine the Latin American responses and reactions to alternative world orders in analytical and normative terms. First, we assess

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  • 29 Jul 2021 Journal Article International Political Sociology

    Foodways and Foodwashing: Israeli Cookbooks and the Politics of Culinary Zionism

    Ilan Zvi Baron, Galia Press-Barnathan
    Abstract

    The paper explores the political narratives produced in English-language Israeli cookbooks. We examine an understudied, yet central component of everyday international relations, everyday nationalism, and identity contestations as practiced through gastronomy, and highlight the dilemma between the different political uses of popular culture in the context of conflict

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  • 19 Jul 2021 Journal Article Security Studies

    Partnership in Leadership: Why and How Do Leading Powers Extend Managerial Privileges to Junior Partners?

    Abstract

    This article seeks to explain states’ success, either full or partial, in obtaining a place in an exclusive managerial forum and the managerial privileges this entails. We argue that the ability to join an exclusive forum and gain these privileges depends on three factors: the extent to which the potential junior partners’ assets seem attractive to the forum’s leaders;

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  • 1 Jul 2021 Journal Article Journalism

    ‘Days of Mourning are Days of Reconciliation’: An analysis of the coverage of the death of controversial Israeli public figures

    Abstract

    This article examines the role journalists play in covering the death of controversial public figures and focuses on the tension between professional-journalistic practice and cultural norms. The death of controversial public figures provides the news media with an opportunity to readdress an unresolved social drama as part of a mediatized ritual of public grief. The

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  • 3 Jun 2021 Book Chapter History, Casuistry and Custom in the Legal Thought of Francisco Suárez (1548-1617)

    Between Aristotle and Scotus

    Abstract

    Deontological defenders of retributivism about punishment believe that there is something intrinsically good about bad things happening to bad people, even if no additional good will follow.1 Some of them also believe that society, through its legal institutions, has a duty to punish criminals. As Kant famously stated that ‘Even if a civil society were to dissolve itself

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  • Jun 2021 Book

    The Unintended Consequences of Peace: Peaceful Borders and Illicit Transnational Flows

    Abstract

    Scholars of international relations generally consider that under conditions of violent conflict and war, smuggling and trans-border crime are likely to thrive. In contrast, this book argues that in fact it is globalisation and peaceful borders that have enabled transnational illicit flows conducted by violent non-state actors, including transnational criminal organizations

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  • 1 Jun 2021 Journal Article Political Psychology

    What It Means to (Mis)Trust: Forced Migration, Ontological (In)Security, and the Unrecognized Political Psychology of the Israeli-Lebanese Conflict

    Abstract

    What does it mean to search for trust—the constitutive element of feeling ontologically secure—in the context of protracted conflict, trauma, and forced migration? This article addresses this key question in ontological security (OS) studies in International Relations (IR) by analyzing an unrecognized consequence of the Israeli‐Lebanese conflict: a Lebanese community

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  • 28 May 2021 Journal Article Journal of Cold War Studies

    An Ounce of Prevention—A Pound of Cure? The Reagan Administration's Nonproliferation Policy and the Osirak Raid

    Giordana Pulcini, Or Rabinowitz
    Abstract

    The Israeli raid in June 1981 against the Osirak nuclear reactor in Iraq has been extensively analyzed by scholars, especially in the context of debate about the efficacy of preemptive strikes against hostile nuclear programs. Yet surprisingly, some important historical questions have been left unanswered: how did the raid affect the Reagan administration’s nuclear

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  • 20 May 2021 Journal Article Foreign Policy Analysis

    Reframing, Remorse, and Reassurance: Remedial Work in Diplomatic Crises

    Abstract

    This paper suggests a framework for studying how remedial actions are deployed following diplomatic crisis. On the basis of thirty-four case studies and twenty-one interviews with senior statespersons, we offer a novel typology of remedial strategies employed for diffusing interstate tension and pinpoint the various calculations taken by decision-makers in performing

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  • May 2021 Journal Article International Studies Perspectives

    Studying International Relations through Horror Films: A New Approach and Illustrations from Cannon Fodder and Freak Out

    Abstract

    This paper argues that works of popular culture, specifically horror films, offer valuable insights into dominant and critical perceptions of the sources of violence in ongoing armed conflicts—an issue of concern for scholars of International Relations (IR) scholars, which as yet has not received sufficient attention. Accordingly, we present a new approach that IR

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  • 26 Apr 2021 Journal Article Language & Communication

    “Flattery helps”: Relational practices in statecraft

    Abstract

    This paper provides an explanation for how coworkers manage to cultivate close relationships in an extremely competitive workplace. Our case study is the workplace of statespersons, considered an impersonal, rule-governed, and interest-motivated social environment, and as such, provides indications for how counterparts overcome alienation and suspicion in developing

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  • 22 Apr 2021 Journal Article British Journal of Political Science

    Against the Flow: Differentiating Between Public Opposition to the Immigration Stock and Flow

    Yotam Margalit, Omer Solodoch
    Abstract

    Vast research on immigration lumps together native citizens' attitudes toward two different groups: the immigrant stock of non-naturalized resident aliens, and the immigrant flow, that is, the future arrival of foreigners seeking to enter and live in the country. Does popular opposition to immigration distinguish between the two, and if so, how? This article analyzes

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  • 22 Apr 2021 Book Chapter External Powers in Latin America

    Israel-Latin America relations: What has changed in the past decade and why?

    Abstract

    This chapter examines the evolution of the relationship between Israel and Latin America in general and with specific countries in the region in particular. The 21st century has witnessed the adoption of very antagonistic and very emphatic positions towards Israel by several important Latin American countries. Following a succinct review of the gradual development of

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  • 4 Apr 2021 Journal Article Journal of Common Market Studies

    Mostly in its Backyard: Security Provisions in EU Economic Agreements

    Abstract

    Economic agreements concluded between the EU and third parties increasingly take on security matters, such as counter‐terrorism, nuclear proliferation and international criminal law. Highlighting the remarkable variation in the presence and content of these security non‐trade issues (SNTIs), we argue that it is best explained by the EU's intensity of foreign policy

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  • Apr 2021 Edited Volume

    Concepts at Work: On the Linguistic Infrastructure of World Politics

    Abstract

    Concepts are socially and linguistically constructed and used for multiple purposes, such as justifying war in the name of democracy; or, using the idea of democracy to resist Western intervention and influence. In this fascinating and novel edited collection, Piki Ish-Shalom and the contributors interrogate the “conceptions of concepts” in international relations. Using

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  • Apr 2021 Journal Article Journal of World Trade

    Labelling Settlement Products: When EU Consumer Law Meets Public International Law (But Ignores International Trade Law)

    Abstract

    How should products produced in occupied territories be labelled for export? In recent years, Courts in the UK and Canada addressed this technical yet politically-charged question, in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. More recently, the Court of Justice of the EU was asked to determine the mandatory requirements under EU consumer law of indication of

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  • Apr 2021 Book Chapter Concepts at Work: On the Linguistic Infrastructure of World Politics

    Political Concepts and Vagueness: Cyberattacks in the Israeli Political Discourse

    Abstract

    Language is an integral part of social life (Bourdieu 1991, 1). It allows humans to communicate and to create shared knowledge and social norms, which in turn shape and dictate their life as a society. Concepts are a men-tal representation of an element or phenomenon of the physical, social, or psychological world (see Ish-Shalom, this volume). While a word refers to

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  • 29 Mar 2021 Journal Article The Review of International Organizations

    Measuring institutional overlap in global governance

    Yoram Z Haftel, Tobias Lenz
    Abstract

    Over the past decade, an increasingly sophisticated literature has sought to capture the nature, sources, and consequences of a novel empirical phenomenon in world politics: the growing complexity of global governance. However, this literature has paid only limited attention to questions of measurement, which is a prerequisite for a more comprehensive understanding of

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  • 25 Mar 2021 Journal Article New Political Economy

    Light at the End of the Panel: The Gaza Strip and the Interplay Between Geopolitical Conflict and Renewable Energy Transition

    Abstract

    Renewable energy transition is one of the keys to mitigating climate change. While attention has been given to various economic, institutional, technological, and sociocultural barriers to this transition, it is unclear how acute interstate conflict shadowed by geopolitical forces shapes the deployment of renewables. The literature is split between those who speculate

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  • 25 Mar 2021 Journal Article Solar Energy

    The impact of community split on the acceptance of wind turbines

    Abstract

    Public acceptance is critical to the successful implementation of renewable energy policy. Most of the literature on public acceptance within the community framework has focused on the tension between neighboring communities or the conflict between state planning processes and the needs of local communities. The community, in these cases, is often categorized as a

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  • 23 Mar 2021 Journal Article The International History Review

    ‘Arrow’ Mythology Revisited: The Curious Case of the Reagan Administration, Israel and SDI Cooperation

    Abstract

    When the Reagan administration first invited Israel to join the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) in 1985, Israel was only expected to play a relative minor role in the program and bid for non-sensitive research grants. However, starting in 1986, the focus of the endeavor began to shift. In time, the US was funding Israeli efforts to indigenously develop the Arrow, a

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  • 16 Mar 2021 Journal Article International Organization

    Regaining Control? The Political Impact of Policy Responses to Refugee Crises

    Abstract

    In response to the political turmoil surrounding the recent refugee crisis, destination countries swiftly implemented new immigration and asylum policies. Are such countercrisis policies effective in mitigating political instability by reducing anti-immigrant backlash and support for radical-right parties? The present study exploits two surveys that were coincidentally

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  • 12 Mar 2021 Journal Article Review of Policy Research

    Comparative Energy Regionalism: North America and the European Energy Community

    Abstract

    Although literature on energy cooperation highlights that cooperation is more successful at the regional level, it largely fails to understand and conceptualize energy cooperation as part of the wider phenomenon of regionalism. Energy cooperation tends to be analyzed through prisms of security and geopolitics, thus, downplaying other important regional integration

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  • 8 Mar 2021 Journal Article International Studies Quarterly

    Give Peace a Plan: Peace Plans as Diplomatic Tools and Textual Agents in Conflict Areas

    Abstract

    Various conflict areas have faced situations of deadlock after repeated rounds of violence and failed negotiations. In such cases, international actors have used the strategy of drafting, presenting, and promoting a peace plan that addresses the main issues in the conflict and formulates a basis for negotiation and agreement. The article analyzes peace plans as a strategy

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  • 4 Mar 2021 Journal Article History of European Ideas

    ‘Contesting Teutomania’: Robert Gordon Latham, ‘race’, ethnology and historical migrations

    Abstract

    The essay elucidates the intellectual and historiographical phenomenon of migration to the forefront by engaging with the perceptions of the Teutonic/Germanic migrations of the fifth century among a few major Victorian ethnologists and historians. It focuses particularly on the unique view of the ethnologist and philologist Robert Gordon Latham (1812–88). While many

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  • Mar 2021 Book Chapter International Law as Behavior

    Competing and Complementary Behavioral Hypotheses

    Abstract

    Why do international and domestic legal actors employ and even apply international soft law sources, although these sources are not legally binding? In this chapter, after surveying different ways in which soft law is employed and applied in international and domestic courts, we offer several rational choice and behavioral hypotheses regarding the influence of soft law

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  • 1 Mar 2021 Journal Article International Relations

    The strategic use of normative arguments in international negotiations

    Abstract

    This article claims that normative arguments play a greater role in negotiations than existing scholarship implies. While the approaches of communicative and rhetorical action limit the use of arguments to environments that meet certain conditions, in fact normative arguments are widely used and can be found in almost every example of negotiations. This article seeks

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  • 1 Feb 2021 Journal Article Urban Geography

    Limited urban citizenship: the case of community councils in East Jerusalem

    Abstract

    Urban environments are often disputed over issues of class, gender, ethnicity, and race. Urban citizenship within such spaces has been found to be fragmented, or even ‘dark.’ This paper focuses on the role of an intermediary institution, the Community Council (CC), in the contested city of (East) Jerusalem. Building on in-depth interviews and site visits, we suggest

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  • 14 Jan 2021 Journal Article Nations and Nationalism

    Zionism and Québécois nationalism: An initial comparative analysis

    Rémi Daniel
    Abstract

    Based on several studies on each of these movements and on primary sources, I claim that Zionism and Québécois nationalism have a unique set of similarities. The first part of this article focuses on the redefinition of national identity made by both movements—the end of a religious-ethnic identity and a new focus on language and territory—and on its various consequences

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  • 11 Jan 2021 Journal Article Journal of International Relations and Development

    Exploring the foreign policies of populist governments: (Latin) America First

    Abstract

    How do populists conduct foreign policy? The existing literature on populism focuses mainly on domestic patterns, and until recently the foreign dimension of populism has been largely overlooked. This paper aims to fill theoretical and empirical lacunae by mapping patterns of change and continuity in the formulation of geopolitical and economic international policy

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  • 6 Jan 2021 Journal Article Temple International & Comparative Law Journal

    Introduction: Sociological Perspectives on International Tribunals

    Abstract

    International tribunals are embedded in certain communities (e.g., regional, ideological, or professional groups), and they reflect and affect socio-cultural patterns prevailing in those communities. While the work of tribunals involves numerous socio-cultural issues, this Introduction only briefly addresses certain interactions between tribunals and social factors and

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  • Jan 2021 Book Chapter The Oxford Handbook of Energy Politics

    Energy as an Instrument in Global Politics

    Abstract

    Oil and natural gas have frequently been used as instruments of foreign policy. While scholars have given substantial attention to the economics of exports and imports, much less has been paid to theorizing how energy can be its own type of carrot or stick, influencing international relations around the world. Future scholarship should focus on developing foreign policy

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  • 1 Jan 2021 Journal Article Armed Forces & Society

    Military Autonomy and Balancing in Political Crises: Lessons From the Middle East

    Abstract

    This paper argues that autonomous militaries can play a balancing role during major internal political crises. However, when militaries’ autonomy is curtailed by political leaders before the crisis, militaries cannot maintain the political balance between rulers and opponents, thereby increasing the risk of armed conflict. The paper first explains the main concepts

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  • 22 Dec 2020 Journal Article Latin American Research Review

    Peaceful Borders and Illicit Transnational Flows in the Americas

    Abstract

    This article introduces an analytical framework to explain the coexistence of peaceful borders and illicit transnational flows as evidenced by drug trafficking, human trafficking and smuggling, weapons trafficking, and terrorism in the Americas, a region characterized by international peace, domestic peace, and regional integration. Under the assumption that peaceful

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  • 6 Dec 2020 Journal Article Cooperation and Conflict

    What makes them tick: Challenging the impersonal ethos in International Relations

    Abstract

    International Relations scholars and practitioners commonly agree that relationships in world politics are managed impersonally. Personal connections between agents of states are perceived as having only little impact on foreign policy of states. The current article challenges this impersonal ethos, suggesting that personal relationships play an important role in

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  • 2 Dec 2020 Journal Article Leiden Journal of International Law

    Social Movements, Reframing Investment Relations, and Enhancing the Application of Human Rights Norms in International Investment Law

    Abstract

    The recent moderate trend to increasingly apply human rights law in investment awards is accompanied by certain new investment treaties which include expressed human rights provisions. An analysis of recent investment awards indicates that though there are some 'winds of change' in this field, it is equally noticeable that human rights law is far from being mainstreamed

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  • 19 Nov 2020 Journal Article Leiden Journal of International Law

    Not all Rights are Created Equal: A Loss-Gain Frame of Investor Rights and Human Rights

    Tomer Broude, Caroline Henckels
    Abstract

    International investment tribunals often use the language of ‘rights’ to characterize foreign investors’ claims against host states, evoking the language of human rights and, in some cases, appearing to conflate the two concepts. We investigate the cognitive framing of the relationship between investor rights and human rights in investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS)

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  • 8 Nov 2020 Journal Article International Interactions

    Categorization in international organizations

    Abstract

    This paper explores why certain IOs officially categorize their member-states while others do not. It also examines the specific problems that categorization mechanisms are intended to solve. Building on theories of rational design, I argue that categorization is intended to provide a solution to cooperation problems in IOs and assist in preventing possible defections

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  • Nov 2020 Journal Article International Theory

    Discovery Rights and the Arctic

    Abstract

    This article examines whether discovery could, contrary to common philosophical opinion, be taken seriously as a ground of territorial rights. I focus on the discovery of uninhabitable lands such as found in the Arctic. After surveying the role of discovery in Roman private law and modern international law, I turn to Locke's well-known theory or original acquisition. I

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  • 9 Oct 2020 Book Chapter Handbook of Space Security: Policies, Applications and Programs

    Israel's Approach Towards Space Security and Sustainability

    Deganit Paikowsky, Tal Azoulay, Isaac Ben-Israel
    Abstract

    In the last 30 years, Israel developed an indigenous space capability to launch, develop, operate, and maintain satellites in two main niche areas: Earth observation and communications, including the ground segment of communications satellites. Israel’s space program was born out of national security needs. However, it has led to the growth of a commercial space sector

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  • 8 Oct 2020 Book Chapter The Oxford Handbook of Peaceful Change in International Relations

    The Middle East and Peaceful Change

    Abstract

    The Middle East is often considered a war zone, and it rarely comes to mind as a region that includes cases of peaceful change. Yet several examples of peaceful change can be identified at different levels of analysis: international, regional, interactive, and domestic. This chapter first critically examines the impact of the broader global/systemic level of analysis

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  • Oct 2020 Book Chapter The Oxford Handbook of International Arbitration

    Arbitration from a Law & Economics Perspective

    Anne Van Aaken, Tomer Broude
    Abstract

    This chapter offers a Law & Economics (L&E) perspective on international arbitration. L&E scholars tend to view dispute resolution as a market. They thus look at the supply and demand of such third-party adjudication, usually comparing litigation to arbitration. Predominantly, in the literature, there are two interrelated L&E perspectives on this: one

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  • Oct 2020 Journal Article Strategic Assessment

    First an inch, then a mile: Opportunities and risks in the public disclosure of Israeli intelligence

    Abstract

    Propelled by changes in the information environment, the nature of war, and social norms and values, recent years have seen increasing public exposure of the Israeli intelligence community. The disclosure of intelligence has been shown to have strategic value, including in creating deterrence and international legitimacy, as well as domestic value, in contributing to

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  • Oct 2020 Journal Article Common Market Law Review

    Mandatory labelling of origin of products from territories occupied by Israel and the weight of public international law: Psagot

    Abstract

    The judgment annotated concerns the mandatory requirements under EU consumer law for the indication of the origin of products produced in settlements situated in territories occupied by the State of Israel, namely the Golan Heights, the West Bank and East Jerusalem (hereafter “the Territories”). More specifically, it addresses the question raised b the French Conseil

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  • Oct 2020 Book Chapter The Oxford Handbook of International Arbitration

    The Sociological Dimension of International Arbitration

    Abstract

    This chapter addresses the sociological dimension of international arbitration. Sociological analysis of international arbitration begins from the premise that individuals’ behaviour and normative choices are significantly affected by sociocultural factors and processes. Indeed, the behaviour of actors participating in international arbitration is not isolated from its

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  • 1 Oct 2020 Journal Article Journal of Conflict Resolution

    Framing the Narrative: Female Fighters, External Audience Attitudes, and Transnational Support for Armed Rebellions

    Devorah S Manekin, Reed M Wood
    Abstract

    Female combatants play a central role in rebel efforts to cultivate and disseminate positive narratives regarding the movement and its political goals. Yet, the effectiveness of such strategies in shaping audience attitudes or generating tangible benefits for the group remains unclear. We propose and test a theory regarding the channels through which female fighters

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  • 14 Sep 2020 Journal Article Annual Review of Psychology

    Prejudice Reduction: Progress and Challenges

    Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Roni Porat, Chelsey S Clark, Donald P Green
    Abstract

    The past decade has seen rapid growth in research that evaluates methods for reducing prejudice. This essay reviews 418 experiments reported in 309 manuscripts from 2007 to 2019 to assess which approaches work best and why. Our quantitative assessment uses meta-analysis to estimate average effects. Our qualitative assessment calls attention to landmark studies that are

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  • 30 Aug 2020 Book Chapter Researching Peace, Conflict, and Power in the Field

    Implementing Social-Psychological Interventions in the Field: Insights From the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

    Roni Porat, Tamar Saguy
    Abstract

    Despite the rapidly growing number of scholars actively studying conflict resolution, collaborations between academics and practitioners are scarce, with social psychology playing little to no role in the design of new field-based programs. In this chapter, we draw on our experiences from the Israeli-Palestinian context and suggest that one core reason for this disconnect

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  • 24 Aug 2020 Book

    Regular Soldiers, Irregular War: Violence and Restraint in the Second Intifada

    Abstract

    By going inside military field units and exploring their patterns of command and control, Regular Soldiers, Irregular War, sheds new light on the dynamics of violence and restraint in counterinsurgency.

  • 27 Jul 2020 Journal Article International Studies Quarterly

    The Short and Long(er) of It: The Effect of Hard Times on Regional Institutionalization

    Abstract

    What are the implications of hard economic times for regional economic cooperation? Existing research is sharply divided on the answer to this question. Some studies suggest that economic crises encourage governments to strengthen their regional institutions, but others indicate that they lead to decreasing investment in such initiatives. Both sides overlook the

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  • 3 Jul 2020 Journal Article The Pacific Review

    Balancing effectiveness with geo-economic interests in multilateral development banks: the design of the AIIB, ADB and the World Bank in a comparative perspective

    Abstract

    Since its inception in December of 2015, scholars and policy-makers have been debating the motivations behind the design of the AIIB. This paper advances this debate by exploring whether and how the AIIB’s structure follow the design pattern of other leading MDBs, and how well did it manage to integrate institutional effectiveness considerations with promoting its

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  • 2 Jul 2020 Journal Article British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies

    ‘Revenge of the jobniks’? Soldier representation and resistance in contemporary Israeli popular culture

    Abstract

    For many decades, cultural representations of the military and military service in Israel, particularly in films and television series, tended to focus on male Sabra (Israeli-born) soldiers and their combat experiences, portraying them from either a ‘heroic-nationalist’ or a ‘post-heroic’ perspective. However, several recent Israeli films and television series bring to

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  • 1 Jul 2020 Journal Article Climatic Change

    Design and change in transboundary freshwater agreements

    Charlotte De Bruyne, Itay Fischhendler, Yoram Z Haftel
    Abstract

    This paper presents a systematic assessment of transboundary water treaties and their institutional evolution over time. While the majority of treaties tend to remain unchanged, others are renegotiated over time, either gradually by treaty amendment or abruptly by treaty replacement. This study examines the sources of treaty amendment, treaty replacement, and renegotiation

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  • 29 May 2020 Edited Volume Edward Elgar Publishing

    Research Handbook on the Sociology of International Law

    Moshe Hirsch, Andrew Lang
    Abstract

    Bringing together a highly diverse body of scholars, this comprehensive Research Handbook explores recent developments at the intersection of international law, sociology and social theory. It showcases a wide range of methodologies and approaches, including those inspired by traditional social thought as well as less familiar literature, including computational

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  • 18 May 2020 Journal Article Energies

    Renewable Energy Entrepreneurs: A Conceptual Framework

    Abstract

    The adoption of renewable energies contributes to sustainable development worldwide. Entrepreneurs are key agents in facilitating their promotion, as they improve the mix of the means of production and thus transform renewable energy technologies into viable energy systems. Nonetheless, the literature tends to treat entrepreneurs as a homogeneous group, thus preventing

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