Publications

Publications - Psychology Department, The Hebrew University, Israel
  1. 21 Jun 2022 Journal Article Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience

    Hierarchical inference as a source of human biases

    Abstract

    The finding that human decision-making is systematically biased continues to have an immense impact on both research and policymaking. Prevailing views ascribe biases to limited computational resources, which require humans to resort to less costly resource-rational heuristics. Here, we propose that many biases in fact arise due to a computationally costly way of coping

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  2. 16 Jun 2022 Conference Paper Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society

    Dimensions of Diversity in Spatial Cognition: Culture, Context, Age, and Ability

    Benjamin Pitt, Holly Huey, Matthew Jordan, Yuval Hart, Moira R Dillon, Roberto Bottini, Alexandra Carstensen, Isabelle Boni, Steven Piantadosi, Edward Gibson, Tyler Marghetis, Kevin J Holmes, ... show all 14 authors
    Abstract

    Throughout the lifespan and across cultures, all human behavior happens in space. By early childhood, people are capable of navigating complex 3D environments, executing sophisticated motor plans, and coordinating action with others. They also use their representations of space to structure a variety of non-spatial concepts, including time, number, similarity, and

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  3. 16 Jun 2022 Conference Paper Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society

    Predicting Fixation Locations in 43 Languages based on Perceptual Constraints and Information Theory

    Talia Kate Shafir, Noam Siegelman, Ram Frost, Blair C Armstrong
    Abstract

    Why do readers typically fixate near the center of a word, with a bias towards word onset? Alhama, Siegelman, Frost, & Armstrong (2019) proposed an account based on (1) perceptual constraints that reduce the likelihood of perceiving a letter the further it is from the fixated location, and (2) the information available from the perceived letters for identifying the

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  4. 15 Jun 2022 Journal Article Biological Psychology

    Impaired empathic accuracy following damage to the left hemisphere

    Karine Jospe, Shir Genzer, Lihi Mansano, Desmond C Ong, Jamil Zaki, Nachum Soroker, Anat Perry
    Abstract

    Failing to understand others accurately can be extremely costly. Unfortunately, events such as strokes can lead to a decline in emotional understanding. Such impairments have been documented in stroke patients and are widely hypothesized to be related to right-hemisphere lesions, as well as to the amygdala, and are thought to be driven in part by attentional biases, for

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  5. 14 Jun 2022 Journal Article Journal of Conflict Resolution

    The Dual Effect of COVID-19 on Intergroup Conflict in the Korean Peninsula

    Nimrod Nir, Eran Halperin, Juhwa Park
    Abstract

    The coronavirus pandemic has fundamentally shifted the way human beings interact, both as individuals and groups, in the face of such a widespread outbreak. This paper seeks to investigate the effects of COVID-19 on intergroup emotions and attitudes within an intractable intergroup conflict, specifically, through the lens of the Korean conflict. Using a two-wave

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  6. 13 Jun 2022 Journal Article European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

    Group comprehensive behavioral intervention for tics contribution to broader cognitive and emotion regulation in children

    Noa Gur, Sharon Zimmerman-Brenner, Aviva Fattal-Valevski, Michael Rotstein, Tammy Pilowsky Peleg
    Abstract

    There is increasing evidence for the effectiveness of behavioral techniques in managing tics in youth with Tourette syndrome and tics disorders (TDs). One such intervention is Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT), which focuses on reducing tic severity by training control and regulation. In view of the regulation deficits characteristic to TDs, in the

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  7. 1 Jun 2022 Journal Article Cognition

    The learnability consequences of Zipfian distributions in language

    Abstract

    While the languages of the world differ in many respects, they share certain commonalties, which can provide insight on our shared cognition. Here, we explore the learnability consequences of one of the striking commonalities between languages. Across languages, word frequencies follow a Zipfian distribution, showing a power law relation between a word's frequency and

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  8. Jun 2022 Journal Article Annals of Epidemiology

    Independent associations of inter-spousal gaps in age and education with long-term mortality and cancer survival: the Jerusalem Perinatal Study 1964 – 2016

    Abstract

    Purpose: To identify factors responsible for variation in health among married individuals, we investigated the independent associations of gaps in spousal age and education (or “heterogamy”) with all-cause and cause-specific mortality as well as with survival of cancer patients.

    Methods: Using over 4 decades of follow-up data on 36,717 couples from Jerusalem (1964-2016)

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  9. 1 Jun 2022 Journal Article Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

    Habitual or hyper-controlled behavior: OCD symptoms and explicit sequence learning

    Abstract

    Background and objectives

    This study examined whether ritualistic behaviors characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are a product of dysfunctional goal-directed behavior leading to habitual behavior (Gillan & Robbins, 2014). We used an explicit motor sequence learning task to investigate the repetition of chunked action sequences across the OC spectrum

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  10. 26 May 2022 Journal Article Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development

    To feel and talk in a language of conflict: distinct emotional experience and expression of bilinguals among disadvantaged minority members

    Abstract

    Research conducted on emotionality in bilinguals suggests that language use modulates emotional expression. The current study examines bilingual disadvantaged minority members’ emotional experience and expression as shaped by the group relations in a conflict area. We hypothesised that, in general, greater emotionality will be found in one’s native language. Moreover

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