• Aug 2021 Technion

    Risk perception and risk communication in radiological events (Hebrew)

    תפיסת הסיכון ותקשורת סיכונים באירועים רדיולוגיים
    תקציר
    אנשי מקצוע בתחום ההגנה מקרינה סבורים ברובם שהחשש הציבורי מהסיכונים הבריאותיים הכרוכים בחשיפה לקרינה עולה, בדרך כלל, לאין ערוך על הסיכון האמיתי )ראה אנקדוטה באיור 1 .)כמו כן, ברור לעוסקים בתחום זה, שבמקרה של אירוע רדיולוגי 1 , התגובה הציבורית והשלכותיה עלולות להוות אתגר קשה הרבה יותר מאשר הטיפול הטכני באירוע עצמו. כך למשל, בעקבות התאונה הרדיולוגית שהתרחשה בגויאניה שבברזילshow more
  • 11 Jul 2021 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    Science, Maddá, and ‘Ilm: The language divide in scientific information available to Internet users:

    Abstract
    The Internet has potential to alleviate inequality in general and specifically with respect to science literacy. Nevertheless, digital divides persist in online access and use, as well as in subsequent social outcomes. Among these, the “language divide” partly determines how successful users are in their Internet use depending on their proficiency in languages, andshow more
  • 19 Jun 2021 Journal Article Educational Studies in Mathematics

    Mathematical media literacy in the COVID-19 pandemic and its relation to school mathematics education

    רוב הישראלים לא הבינו היבטים כמותיים של סיקור הקורונה בחדשות, ופחד ממתמטיקה עשוי להיות אחד האחראים לכך
    Abstract
    In the first months of 2020, as the COVID-19 pandemic became a top concern worldwide, media coverage became full of information that demands mathematical literacy, or numeracy, to interpret. In this study, we examine the public’s understanding of mathematical notions that are required for understanding the pandemic and predicting its spread. We also explore its correlationsshow more
  • 27 May 2021 Preprint medRxiv

    Vaccine-Hesitant Parents’ Considerations Regarding Covid-19 Vaccination of Adolescents

    רוב ההורים לילדים בני 12-15 מעוניינים לחסן נגד קורונה
    Abstract
    Introduction: Israel led a rapid vaccine rollout against COVID-19, leading to a local remission of the epidemic and rolling back of most public health measures. Further vaccination of 12-15-year-olds may be hindered by public perceptions of the necessity and safety of vaccination. Methods: we examined the considerations of vaccine hesitant parents (VHPs) regardingshow more
  • 24 Jan 2021 Journal Article International Journal of Environmental and Science Education

    Expressions of science literacy in online public discussions of animal experimentation

    ביטויים של אוריינות מדעית בטוקבקים לסיקור של ניסויים בבעלי חיים
    Abstract
    Recent conceptualizations of science literacy, a key aim of contemporary science education, suggest defining it as a function of actual uses of science in daily life. We characterize expressions of science literacy in online authentic public discourse, using content analysis of a year’s worth of widely-read Israeli online news site coverage of animal experimentationshow more
  • 19 Oct 2020 Journal Article Science Communication

    Public Engagement With Science Among Religious Minorities: Lessons From COVID-19

    Abstract
    While scholars have highlighted how science communication reifies forms of structural inequality, especially race and gender, we examine the challenges science communication pose for religious minorities. Drawing on the disproportionate magnitude of COVID-19-related morbidity on Israel’s Ultra-Orthodox Jews, we examined their processes of COVID-19 health decision makingshow more
  • 14 Sep 2020 Book Chapter Communicating Science: A Global Perspective

    Israel: Developed Science, developing Science Communication

    ישראל: מדע מפותח, תקשורת מדע מתפתחת
    Abstract
    Israel is a relatively young, small country, with highly developed innovative science and high-tech sectors (Getz, Buchnik and Zatcovetsky, 2020). The Israeli public takes great pride in Israeli science, technology and innovation and is convinced of their importance for national security, prosperity and quality of life (Yaar and Alkalai, 2010). In contrast to the publicshow more
  • 14 Sep 2020 Book Review Public Understanding of Science

    Book Review: John L Rudolph, How We Teach Science: What’s Changed, and Why It Matters

    Abstract
    ‘Public perceptions of the intricacies of scientific process are central to determining where the legitimate exercise of expert judgment leaves off and the rightful expression of public preferences regarding science research policy begins’ (p. 7–8), writes John Rudolph in this important work. He tackles why scientists are so invested in the school teaching of scienceshow more
  • 20 Aug 2020 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    Jargon use in Public Understanding of Science papers over three decades

    שימוש בז'רגון בעיתון “Public Unserstanding of Science” על פני שלושה עשורים
    Abstract
    Public Understanding of Science is an interdisciplinary journal serving the scholarly community and practitioners. This article reports an analysis of the readability and jargon in articles published in Public Understanding of Science throughout its almost three decades of existence to examine trends in accessibility to diverse audiences. The accessibility of Publicshow more
  • 30 May 2020 Journal Article International Journal of Environmental and Science Education

    Science literacy in action: understanding scientific data presented in a citizen science platform by non-expert adults

    אורינות מדעית בפעולה: הבנת נתונים מדעיים המוצגים בפלטפורמת מדע אזרחי על ידי מבוגרים שאינם מומחים
    Abstract
    Citizen science is transforming the ways scientific knowledge is created, in that citizens participate in active scientific research, and large scientific databases can be accessed online. However, data availability does not guarantee public use or the relevance of these resources. This paper addresses the ways in which non-expert adults involved in a citizen scienceshow more
  • 22 May 2020 Journal Article Science Education

    Can Science Literacy Help Individuals Identify Misinformation in Everyday Life

    האם אוריינות מדעית יכולה לסייע לאנשים לגלות מידע שגוי בחיי היומיום?
    Abstract
    childhood vaccinations and anthropogenic climate change. Many people are misinformed about the scientific facts underlying these issues. In response, science educators have called for improvements in the public's science literacy, but it is not clear which components of science literacy would help individuals identify misinformation. In this position paper, we examineshow more
  • 25 Feb 2020 Journal Article Journal of Environmental Radioactivity

    Involving schoolchildren in radon surveys by means of the "Radon Test" online system

    שילוב תלמידים בסקר הראדון באמצעות המערכת המקוונת "בחינת ראדון"
    Abstract
    A 'citizen science' approach was evaluated as an approach to organize an extensive radon survey to be representative of the population of either single regions or a whole country. The "RadonTest" online system allowed schoolchildren to undertake and record short-term radon tests in their homes. Measurements were carried out in Israel using charcoal in miniature flaconsshow more
  • 12 Feb 2020 Journal Article Vaccine

    Vaccine information seeking on social Q&A services

    חיפוש מידע בנושא חיסונים בפלטפורמות של "שאלות ותשובות" ברשתות החברתיות
    Abstract
    Experts are concerned about the spread and recalcitrance of vaccine misinformation and its contribution to vaccine hesitancy. Despite this risk, little research attention has been paid to understanding how individuals seek vaccine information online and evaluate its trustworthiness. Here, we hypothesized that when vaccine-hesitant parents seek information about vaccinesshow more
  • 23 Jan 2020 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    The experts' perspective of "ask-an-expert": An interview-based study of online nutrition and vaccination outreach

    הפרספקטיבה של המומחה ב-"שאל את המומחה": מחקר מבוסס ראיונות בנושאי הנגשת נושאי החיסונים והתזונה ברשת
    Abstract
    Social media allow experts to form communities and engage in direct dialogue with publics, which can promote mutual understanding between sciences and publics. However, little is known about experts' participation in online communities, or effective ways to prepare them for public engagement. Here, we explored these issues with experts who voluntarily engage with publicsshow more
  • 8 Jan 2020 Journal Article Plos One

    Can scientists fill the science journalism void? Online public engagement with science stories authored by scientists

    Abstract
    In many countries the public's main source of information about science and technology is the mass media. Unfortunately, in recent years traditional journalism has experienced a collapse, and science journalism has been a major casualty. One potential remedy is to encourage scientists to write for news media about science. On these general news platforms, scientists'show more
  • 19 Nov 2019 Journal Article Environmental Communication-a Journal of Nature and Culture

    Engagement and Communication Features of Scientifically Successful Citizen Science Projects

    Abstract
    The rise of citizen science in the past decade has brought many opportunities for scientists and publics alongside many challenges and questions regarding best practices. These include questions regarding public engagement, project design and measures of success. The aim of this study is to better understand what makes citizen science projects scientifically successfulshow more
  • 14 Oct 2019 Journal Article Journal of Science Communication

    Telling stories in science communication: case studies of scholar-practitioner collaboration

    Abstract
    Reflecting on the practice of storytelling, this practice insight explores how collaborations between scholars and practitioners can improve storytelling for science communication outcomes with publics. The case studies presented demonstrate the benefits of collaborative storytelling for inspiring publics, promoting understanding of science, and engaging publics moreshow more
  • 21 Sep 2019 Journal Article Research in Science Education

    Public Engagement with Science in Everyday Life: Perceptions of Wi-Fi Radiation Risks in Schools

    Abstract
    Wi-Fi radiation is a type of radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) that refers to the transfer of energy by radio waves. Nowadays, exposure to RF radiation is widespread including wireless internet connection (Wi-Fi) routers and cell phones. The proliferation of devices emitting RF radiation has entailed some public and media-generated controversy, althoughshow more
  • 22 Aug 2019 Journal Article International Journal of Environmental and Science Education

    Expressions of ethics in reader comments to animal experimentation and climate change online coverage

    Abstract
    Although science presents ethical challenges to society, little is known about the ways in which adults express ethical concerns in everyday science-related situations. This study analyzed the ethical expressions in 1079 reader comments to online news coverage of animal experimentation and climate change in Israel. Some forms of ethical concerns were expressed in manyshow more
  • 23 Jul 2019 Book Chapter Theory and Best Practices in Science Communication Training

    Evaluating science communication training : Going beyond self-reports

    Abstract
    In recent years, there has been a proliferation of science communication training opportunities worldwide utilizing different practical approaches and theoretical models. However, little attention has been paid to the development and validation of tools for evaluating these training programs for their impact, efficiency or outcomes at the individual or course levelsshow more
  • 27 Apr 2019 Book Chapter Learning In a Networked Society

    New Media: A Double-Edged Sword in Support of Public Engagement with Science

    Abstract
    Modern life requires individuals with little formal educational background in the sciences to daily make science and technology-based decisions, ranging from vaccinating one’s children and consuming genetically modified food to buying a house near a nuclear power plant. The main information source for many such decisions are contemporary media that have become theshow more
  • 27 Apr 2019 Book Chapter Learning In a Networked Society

    Citizen Science: An Opportunity for Learning in the Networked Society

    Abstract
    Seeking to promote science communication, civic engagement, and informal education, citizen science is a genre of research that connects scientists and non-scientists around projects involving science. This meeting point creates opportunities for potential benefits to both sides. Scientists may advance their research and obtain prestigious funding while non-scientistsshow more
  • 28 Mar 2019 Journal Article International Journal of Environmental and Science Education

    User centered design of a citizen science air-quality monitoring project

    Abstract
    Technological developments, social networking and the emergence of sensory micro-computation platforms have facilitated the recent growth of citizen science-public participation in scientific research. Citizen science provides lay audiences platforms for data collection and classification alongside access to large scientific databases. Although these platforms areshow more
  • 2019 Edited Volume

    Learning In a Networked Society

    Abstract
    One of the most significant developments in contemporary education is the view that knowing and understanding are anchored in cultural practices within communities. This shift coincides with technological advancements that have reoriented end-user computer interaction from individual work to communication, participation and collaboration. However, while daily interactionsshow more
  • Oct 2018 Journal Article גוף ידע

    A matter of trust: Parental hesitation towards routine childhood immunizations (Hebrew)

    עניין של אמון: הססנות הורים כלפי חיסוני שגרה בילדות
    תקציר
    חיסונים נמנים על הפיתוחים החשובים בבריאות הציבור במאה העשרים. אף על פי ששיעורי ההתחסנות במדינות מפותחות גבוהים, הורים רבים באותן המדינות מעידים כי הם מהססים לחסן את ילדיהם בחיסוני השגרה. בסקירה זו, אנו מתארים את שכיחות התופעה במדינות אחדות ובכללן ישראל. בנוסף, אנו מצביעים על ראיות לפיהן הססנות הורים כלפי חיסונים משקפת במידה רבה חוסר אמון של הציבור ברשויות, ורק במידהshow more
  • 1 Sep 2018 Book Chapter Professional Development for Inquiry-Based Science Teaching and Learning

    Drama As a Learning Medium in Science Education

    Abstract
    To respond to the decline of young people’s interest in the sciences, calls have been made to reorganize the ways in which science is taught, in order to address low student motivation. Drama offers a toolbox of techniques that can be used when teaching science and which can address the issue of low student motivation. This chapter provides science teacher educatorsshow more
  • 31 Jul 2018 קריאת ביניים

    Taking citizen science to junior high school (Hebrew)

    שילוב מדע אזרחי בהוראת מדע וטכנולוגיה בחטיבת הביניים
    תקציר
    פרויקט ”מדע אזרחי בבית הספר“ של אוניברסיטת חיפה והטכניון מעודד למידה משמעותית על ידי פריצה של גבולות מסורתיים בין בית הספר לחברה. מטרתו לטשטש גבולות וליצור קשרים: בין תלמידים, מדענים וחברי קהילת בית הספר, בין למידה פורמלית ובלתי פורמלית, בין אוריינות מדעית לאוריינות מתמטית, בין מרחבי למידה פיזיים ודיגיטליים ובין חוקרי חינוך לעובדי הוראה. את הפרויקט הקמנוshow more
  • 8 May 2018 Journal Article International Journal of Science Education

    Does interest have an expiration date? An analysis of students’ questions as resources for context-based learning

    Abstract
    Context-based approaches can bridge the gap between abstract, difficult science concepts and the world students live in. However, the relevance of specific contexts to different groups of learners, and its stability over time, have not been extensively explored. This study used four datasets, collected in different formal and informal settings, to examine which typesshow more
  • 2 May 2018 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    Global and local "teachable moments": The role of Nobel Prize and national pride

    Abstract
    This study examined to what extent Nobel Prize announcements and awards trigger global and local searches or “teachable moments” related to the laureates and their discoveries. We examined the longitudinal trends in Google searches for the names and discoveries of Nobel laureates from 2012 to 2017. The findings show that Nobel Prize events clearly trigger more searchesshow more
  • 23 Apr 2018 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    The usefulness of science knowledge for parents of hearing-impaired children

    Abstract
    Hearing-impaired children's chances of integrating into hearing society largely depend on their parents, who need to learn vast amounts of science knowledge in the field of hearing. This study characterized the role played by science knowledge in the lives of nonscientists faced with science-related decisions by examining the interactions between general science knowledgeshow more
  • 30 Mar 2018 Journal Article Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education

    Science and Politics in the Polio Vaccination Debate on Facebook: A Mixed-Methods Approach to Public Engagement in a Science-Based Dialogue

    Abstract
    This study examines the ways in which the public discusses and debates the scientific issue of vaccinations in the online social media environment of Facebook. We apply a mixed-methods approach, where a qualitative analysis is combined with a quantitative analysis of the characteristics of the debate on polio vaccinations in a Facebook group dedicated to parental andshow more
  • 2018 Book Chapter Stability and Change in Science Education - Meeting Basic Learning Needs
  • 3 Oct 2017 Journal Article Citizen Science: Theory and Practice

    Between Vision and Reality: A Study of Scientists’ Views on Citizen Science

    Abstract
    Increased interest in public engagement with science worldwide has resulted in the growth of funding opportunities for scientists in the rapidly expanding field of citizen science. This paper describes a case study based on interviews and observations, including a six-month field diary, of ten scientists who engaged in a citizen science project to receive funding forshow more
  • 16 Aug 2017 Journal Article Journal of Science Education and Technology

    Learning Robotics in a Science Museum Theatre Play: Investigation of Learning Outcomes, Contexts and Experiences

    Abstract
    Theatre is often introduced into science museums to enhance visitor experience. While learning in museums exhibitions received considerable research attention, learning from museum theatre has not. The goal of this exploratory study was to investigate the potential educational role of a science museum theatre play. The study aimed to investigate (1) cognitive learningshow more
  • 9 Aug 2017 Journal Article Plos One

    Automatic jargon identifier for scientists engaging with the public and science communication educators

    Abstract
    Scientists are required to communicate science and research not only to other experts in the field, but also to scientists and experts from other fields, as well as to the public and policymakers. One fundamental suggestion when communicating with non-experts is to avoid professional jargon. However, because they are trained to speak with highly specialized languageshow more
  • 1 May 2017 Journal Article מסגרות מדיה

    Ribosomes as current affairs: The science of London and Kirschenbaum (Hebrew)

    ריבוזום על סדר היום – המדע על פי לונדון את קירשנבאום
    תקציר
    מאמר זה בוחן ראיונות עם מדענים ששודרו בתכנית לונדון את קירשנבאום בשנים 2009-2011 כמקרה
    מבחן לאופן שבו הדיווח חדשותי מציב את המחקר המדעי כמרכיב בסדר היום הציבורי. לצד אפיון הערכיות החדשותית, שעמדה בבסיס הבחירה של כתבות בנושאי מדע לשידור בתכנית, בוחן מחקר זה כיצד ערכיות זו באה לידי ביטוי בתהליך הפקתן של הכתבות וצורת הצגתן בתכנית כרלוונטיות לציבור. באמצעות ניתוח תוכנם
    show more
  • 9 Apr 2017 Journal Article International Journal of Science Education

    Science communication training: what are we trying to teach?

    Abstract
    Rapid growth in public communication of science and technology has led to many diverse training programs. We ask: What are learning goals of science communication training? A comprehensive set of learning goals for future trainings will draw fully from the range of fields that contribute to science communication. Learning goals help decide what to count as success andshow more
  • Apr 2017 Journal Article Assessing Writing

    To make a long story short: A rubric for assessing graduate students’ academic and popular science writing skills

    Abstract
    Graduate students are future scientists, and as such, being able to communicate science is imperative for their integration into the scientific community. This is primarily achieved through scientific papers, mostly published in English; however, interactions outside of academia are also beneficial for future scientists. Therefore, academic writing courses are prevalentshow more
  • 17 Jan 2017 Book Chapter Preparing Informal Science Educators

    Preparing Scientists to Be Science Communicators

    Abstract
    Science communication is a professional skill increasingly expected of scientists by their own organizations. Several studies have described motivations and challenges for scientists who wish to engage with the public, as well as the abundance of such interactions. However, few studies have systematically examined scientists’ ability to communicate with the publicshow more
  • Jan 2017 Journal Article Educational Psychology

    Assessing and improving L2 graduate students’ popular science and academic writing in an academic writing course

    Abstract
    This paper reports a study using a quasi-experimental design to examine whether an academic writing course in English can improve graduate students’ academic and popular science writing skills. To address this issue, we designed pre- and post-assessment tasks, an intervention assessment task and a scoring rubric. The pre- and post-assessment tasks included writing inshow more
  • 2017 שמורת טבע, עלון מורי הביולוגיה ומורי מדעי הסביבה

    On science, ethics and… reader comments (Hebrew)

    על מדע, אתיקה ו... טוקבקים
    מה אפשר ללמוד מהשיח הציבורי המקוון על חינוך לאוריינות מדעית?
    תקציר
    הוראת המדעים מתמקדת בשנים האחרונות בגישת האוריינות המדעית1 ,במטרה להקנות כלים מדעיים לכול, ולא רק להכשיר את מדעני העתיד. אנו שואפים להקנות לתלמידינו, אזרחי העתיד, כלים לקבלת החלטות מושכלות בחיי היומיום. האם שאלנו את עצמנו באיזו מידה לימודי המדעים בבית הספר אכן עוזרים לקבל החלטות מבוססות מדע? למשל, האם לחסן ילדים לכל החיסונים המוצעים? מהי הדרך הבטוחה לשימוש במכשיריםshow more
  • 1 Jan 2017 Journal Article Science of The Total Environment

    An evaluation tool kit of air quality micro-sensing units

    Abstract
    Recent developments in sensory and communication technologies have made the development of portable air-quality (AQ) micro-sensing units (MSUs) feasible. These MSUs allow AQ measurements in many new applications, such as ambulatory exposure analyses and citizen science. Typically, the performance of these devices is assessed using the mean error or correlation coefficientsshow more
  • 19 Dec 2016 Book Chapter The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods

    What's New? The Applications of Data Mining and Big Data in the Social Sciences

    Abstract
    This chapter discusses how data mining techniques differ from traditional quantitative methods and illustrates their current applications in the social sciences. It begins with a definition of data mining followed by a critical assessment of data mining techniques. These include the conscious and unconscious epistemological premises of scholars using data mining andshow more
  • 1 Dec 2016 Journal Article Israel Studies Review

    The Puzzle of The University on Air: A Story of Media and Academia in Israel, 1977-2013

    Abstract
    At the end of 2013, the Israeli army radio station Galei Zahal decided to revise the format of The University on Air, a radio program that had served as a unique forum for academia and the media in Israel for almost four decades. Launched in 1977, and with over 6,000 aired lectures, the program, with its long history, is a telling case of academia and media in Israelshow more
  • 10 Nov 2016 Journal Article Israel Journal of Health Policy Research

    Social media as a platform for health-related public debates and discussions: the Polio vaccine on Facebook

    Abstract
    Background Social media can act as an important platform for debating, discussing, and disseminating information about vaccines. Our objectives were to map and describe the roles played by web-based mainstream media and social media as platforms for vaccination-related public debates and discussions during the Polio crisis in Israel in 2013: where and how didshow more
  • 4 Jul 2016 Journal Article Cultural Studies of Science Education

    Impact of initiatives to implement science inquiry: a comparative study of the Turkish, Israeli, Swedish and Czech science education systems

    Abstract
    This empirical study investigates factors that influence the implementation of science inquiry in the education systems of Turkey, Israel, Sweden and the Czech Republic. Data was collected by means of recordings of science experts’ discussions as part of an EU-funded project called Science-Teacher Education Advanced Methods (2009–2012). Results of the qualitative analysisshow more
  • 3 Jun 2016 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    Our findings, my method: Framing science in televised interviews

    Abstract
    The public communication of science and technology largely depends on their framing in the news media, but scientists' role in this process has only been explored indirectly. This study focuses on storied accounts told by scientists when asked to present their research or provide expert advice in the course of a news interview. A total of 150 items from a current affairsshow more
  • 27 May 2016 Journal Article Plos One

    Footprints of Fascination: Digital Traces of Public Engagement with Particle Physics on CERN's Social Media Platforms

    Abstract
    Although the scientific community increasingly recognizes that its communication with the public may shape civic engagement with science, few studies have characterized how this communication occurs online. Social media plays a growing role in this engagement, yet it is not known if or how different platforms support different types of engagement. This study sets outshow more
  • 2016 Book Chapter Science and Technology Education and Communication: Seeking Synergy

    Assessment

    Abstract
    “Assessment” at the intersection of science communication and science education addresses what people take away from the process of interaction with popular science media (such as news and documentaries), with social media (such as Twitter feeds or Facebook posts), or after engaging in public engagement activities (such as science festivals and science pubs). The fieldsshow more
  • 14 Dec 2015 Journal Article Interdisciplinary Journal of e-Skills and Lifelong Learning

    "Will a Black Hole Eventually Swallow the Earth?" Fifth Graders' Interest in Questions from a Textbook, an Open Educational Resource, and Other Students' Questions

    Abstract
    Can questions sent to Open-Educational-Resource (OER) websites such as Ask-An-Expert serve as indicators for students’ interest in science? This issue was examined using an online questionnaire which included an equal number of questions about the topics “space” and “nutrition” randomly selected from three different sources: a 5th-grade science textbook, the “Ask-An-Expert”show more
  • 14 Sep 2015 Journal Article Research in Science Education

    Understanding Producers’ Intentions and Viewers’ Learning Outcomes in a Science Museum Theater Play on Evolution

    Abstract
    Science museums often introduce plays to liven up exhibits, attract visitors to specific exhibitions, and help visitors to “digest” difficult content. Most previous research has concentrated on viewers’ learning outcomes. This study uses performance and spectator analyses from the field of theater studies to explore the link between producers’ intended aims, the writtenshow more
  • Sep 2015 Journal Article Journal of Research in Science Teaching

    A strategy for incorporating students’ interests into the high-school science classroom

    Abstract
    Many students feel the curriculum is detached from their lives and interests. Indeed, about half the questions asked by high school biology students are not addressed by the curriculum. This study presents a strategy to incorporate students’ curiosity questions into the curriculum as a way to reduce the disparity between students’ interests and curricular requirementsshow more
  • Jun 2015 Samuel Neaman Institute

    Towards evidence based policy in science communication in Israel

    Abstract
    Modern society presents its citizens with many day-to-day needs that influence the quality of life and are linked to science and technology such as transportation, medical information and nutrition. Given that science is a major facet of modern life, and the mass media are its greatest form of dissemination, it is crucial to examine what information is conveyed to theshow more
  • 1 Apr 2015 Book Chapter Interest in Mathematics and Science Learning

    Promoting Information Seeking and Questioning in Science

    Abstract
    One of the hallmarks of interest is active pursuit of more information about topics of interest. Therefore, information seeking, specifically asking questions, could be used as a behavioral indicator of interest. The interest and ability to independently seek science knowledge in response to current events or personal concerns is one of the fundamental goals of theshow more
  • Apr 2015 Public Understanding of Science

    The half-life of a “teachable moment”: The case of Nobel laureates

    Abstract
    Some science-related events stimulate public interest, and create a teachable moment in which the underlying science temporarily becomes more interesting. Here, media attention, expressed by Google News reference volume, and changes in information seeking behavior, expressed by Google Trends, were used to estimate the length of a teachable moment for 2004-2011 Nobelshow more
  • Feb 2015 Journal Article Journal of Research in Science Teaching

    Bridging science education and science communication research

    Abstract
    In some senses, both science education and science communication share common goals. Both seek to educate, entertain and engage the public with and about science. Somewhat surprisingly, given their common goals, they have evolved as disparate academic fields where each pays little attention to the other.1 The purpose of this special issue, therefore, is an attempt someshow more
  • 4 Jan 2015 Book Chapter Encyclopedia of Science Education

    Web 2.0 Resources for Science Education

    Abstract
    The Internet has increasingly become the main source for science-related information for Western societies (National Science Board 2014). Web 2.0 was coined to describe the second gen- eration of the World Wide Web that shifted from passively viewing content from static web pages to a focus on users’ ability to interact, collaborate, generate, and share informationshow more
  • 2015 Journal Article Ecology and the Environment

    Citizen science: Public participation in science (Hebrew)

    מדע אזרחי – שיתוף הציבור בביצוע מחקר מדעי
    תקציר
    *** body is required ***
  • Jul 2014 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    Measuring mumbo jumbo: A preliminary quantification of the use of jargon in science communication

    Abstract
    Leaders of the scientific community encourage scientists to learn effective science communication, including honing the skill to discuss science with little professional jargon. However, avoiding jargon is not trivial for scientists for several reasons, and this demands special attention in teaching and evaluation. Despite this, no standard measurement for the use ofshow more
  • 2014 Journal Article Interdisciplinary Journal of e-Skills and Lifelong Learning

    Bridging the Gap between the Science Curriculum and Students' Questions: Comparing Linear vs. Hypermedia Online Learning Environments

    Abstract
    While interest is central to learning, considerable disparities have been reported between students’ science interests and the science curriculum. This study explores how 5th grade students’ (n = 72) competence, relatedness and interest levels changed as a consequence of using two online learning environments, which bridged the students’ anonymous curiosity questionsshow more
  • 23 May 2013 Journal Article Journal of Biological Education

    Nature or Nurture? A Lesson Incorporating Students' Interests in a High-School Biology Class

    Abstract
    We present a case study of a lesson that incorporates high school students’ interests in heredity alongside the requirements of the curriculum. This was done by collecting students’ questions in advance and inserting them in strategic places in the biology curriculum, thus creating a ‘shadow curriculum’. The idea underlying the lesson plan is not to change the curriculumshow more
  • Feb 2013 Journal Article Science Communication

    An Instrument for Assessing Scientists' Written Skills in Public Communication of Science

    Abstract
    This article describes the development of the first tool for measuring scientists’ written skills in public communication of science. It includes the rationale for establishing learning goals in seven areas: clarity and language, content, knowledge organization, style, analogy, narrative, and dialogue, as well as the questions designed to assess these goals. The skillsshow more
  • 2013 קריאת ביניים

    Co-authoring the syllabus: planned incorporation of students’ questions in mainstream teaching as a strategy for preserving and developing motivation (Hebrew)

    משכתבים יחד את תכנית הלימודים: שילוב מתוכנן של שאלות תלמידים בהוראה כאסטרטגיה לשימור ופיתוח מוטיבציה
    תקציר
    כדי לצמצם את הפער בין מה שתלמידים מעוניינים לדעת לבין תוכני תכנית הלימודים באותם תחומים, עקב מחקר זה אחר שילובן המתוכנן של שאלות תלמידים בהוראה בכיתות תיכון, במקצועות שאותם הם מרחיבים בבגרות. תוצאות המחקררלוונטיות להוראה בחטיבת הביניים, שכן אם מורים המכינים כיתה לבגרות הצליחו לשלב בהוראתם שאלות תלמידים, שאינן כלולות בתכנית הלימודים, הרי שקוצר הזמן וכמות החומר אינםshow more
  • 2013 הוראה באקדמיה

    Formative assessment of students’ learning in a science communication course (Hebrew)

    הערכת למידה של סטודנטים בקורס אקדמי
    תקציר
    מאמר זה מתאר דרכים אחדות להערכת למידה של סטודנטים בקורס אקדמי, והן: שימוש במטלות ביצוע, הערכות עמיתים ורפלקציות. כמו כן מציג המאמר תוצאות של מחקר הערכה שבחן דרכי הוראה חדשניות המשלבות הערכה לשם למידה. המחקר מצא כי דרכי ההערכה בקורס מקדמות למידה של מיומנויות ומאפשרות הערכה של הבנת הנלמד מהיבטים מגוונים.
  • Oct 2012 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    Seeking science information online: Data mining Google to better understand the roles of the media and the education system

    Abstract
    Which extrinsic cues motivate people to search for science-related information? For many science-related search queries, media attention and time during the academic year are highly correlated with changes in information seeking behavior (expressed by changes in the proportion of Google science-related searches). The data mining analysis presented here shows that changesshow more
  • 7 Jun 2012 Journal Article Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education

    Including Students’ Voices as Engagement With Curriculum: Perspectives From a Secondary Biology Course

    Abstract
    High school students’ views regarding the best ways to adapt biology studies to fit their interests were explored using 87 written questionnaires containing closed-ended and open-ended questions. The closed-ended questionnaires indicated that the participants are very positive regarding their experience as biology learners and highly interested in what they learn. Howevershow more
  • 24 May 2012 Journal Article International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education

    The Co-Authored Curriculum: High-School Teachers' Reasons for Including Students' Extra-Curricular Interests in Their Teaching

    Abstract
    There is increasing evidence of a gap between curricular requirements and what students actually want to know. One of the factors influencing what is taught in the classroom is teachers’ attitudes towards integrating their students’ interests. This study investigated what prompts high-school teachers who prepare students for national matriculation examination to adjustshow more
  • 17 May 2012 Journal Article Research in Science Education

    The Generalizability of Students' Interests in Biology across Gender, Country and Religion

    Abstract
    In order to bridge the existing gap between biology curricula and students’ interests in biology, a strategy for identifying students’ interest based on their questions and integrating them into the curriculum was developed. To characterize the level of generalizability of students’ science interests over 600 high school students from Portugal, Turkey, England and Israelshow more
  • 2012 שמורת טבע, עלון מורי הביולוגיה ומורי מדעי הסביבה

    Listening to the student’s voice: incorporating students’ questions into the curriculum as a resource for enhancing interest in biology lessons (Hebrew)

    להקשיב לקול התלמיד: שילוב שאלות תלמידים בתכנית הלימודים כמשאב להגברת העניין בשיעורי הביולוגיה
    תקציר
    בקהילה המדעית והחינוכית הוקדשה מחשבה רבה לשאלה מה אנשים צריכים לדעת בנושאים מדעיים. לעומת זאת לשאלה מה אנשים מעוניינים לדעת בנושאים מדעיים, הוקדשה תשומת לב מועטה יחסית (2007, Yarden & Tsabari-Baram .(למרות מאמצי המורים ומפתחי תוכניות הלימודים, חלקים נכבדים מתוכנית הלימודים אינם מצליחים לעורר עניין ואתגר. אחת הסיבות לכך היא שהנושאים הנכללים בתוכנית לא נבחרו על פיshow more
  • Oct 2011 Journal Article Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism

    A growth medium for the message: Online science journalism affordances for exploring public discourse of science and ethics:

    Abstract
    Little attention has been paid to how new media foster public discussion of science-related issues. In this exploratory study, we examine discussions generated by articles on the most popular daily news website in Israel. All articles dealt with research studies that involved animal experimentation, a topic often linked to deep ethical conflicts. Based on analysis ofshow more
  • 13 Apr 2011 Journal Article Journal of Science Education and Technology

    Atom Surprise: Using Theatre in Primary Science Education

    Abstract
    Early exposure to science may have a lifelong effect on children’s attitudes towards science and their motivation to learn science in later life. Out-of-class environments can play a significant role in creating favourable attitudes, while contributing to conceptual learning. Educational science theatre is one form of an out-of-class environment, which has receivedshow more
  • 24 Feb 2011 Journal Article International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education

    Quantifying the Gender Gap in Science Interests

    Abstract
    Nearly 5,000 self-generated science-related K–12 students’ questions, classified into seven science subjects, were used to quantitatively measure the gender gap in science interests and its change with age. In this data set, a difference between boys’ and girls’ science interests did not exist during early childhood, but increased over 20-fold by the end of high schoolshow more
  • Jan 2011 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    Exploring new web-based tools to identify public interest in science

    Abstract
    There is scant research-based evidence regarding what the public is interested in knowing about science, and more knowledge is needed to tailor relevant and engaging formal and free-choice science environments for different publics. This methodological paper describes the potential and limitations of three existing web-based tools — Google Trends, Google Zeitgeist, andshow more
  • 3 Aug 2010 Journal Article Research in Science Education

    A Shadow Curriculum: Incorporating Students’ Interests into the Formal Biology Curriculum

    Abstract
    Students have been largely ignored in discussions about how best to teach science, and many students feel the curriculum is detached from their lives and interests. This article presents a strategy for incorporating students’ interests into the formal Biology curriculum, by drawing on the political meaning of “shadow government” as alternative policies developed byshow more
  • 21 Jun 2010 Journal Article Eurasia Journal of mathematics, Science and Technology Education

    Identifying Students' Interests in Biology Using a Decade of Self-Generated Questions

    Abstract
    An identification of students’ interests in biology can help teachers better engage their pupils and meet their needs. To this end, over 28,000 self-generated biological questions raised by students from kindergarten through graduate school were analyzed according to age and gender. The sample demonstrated a dominance of female contributions among K- 12 students. Howevershow more
  • 2010 Book Chapter Encyclopedia of Science and Technology Communication

    Popular Science and Formal Education

    Abstract
    The role of popular science in science education is both a means to an end, as well as the end goal itself. On the one hand, the ability and will to understand science in the media is one of the main characteristics of science literacy, which has been the prime goal of science education for the past several decades. On the other hand, popular science is also being usedshow more
  • 2010 Book Chapter Encyclopedia of Science and Technology Communication

    Television Science

    Abstract
    Television is the major source of information for popular audiences about scientific research in the Western world. Scientific knowledge is not only mediated, but also constructed on television. Many scientists and science educators recognize this and use television to improve the image of their disciplines, as well as to communicate scientific ideas to larger publicsshow more
  • Nov 2009 Journal Article Journal of Research in Science Teaching

    Identifying meta-clusters of students' interest in science and their change with age

    Abstract
    Nearly 6,000 science questions collected from five different web-based, TV-based and school-based sources were rigorously analyzed in order to identify profiles of K-12 students' interest in science, and how these profiles change with age. The questions were analyzed according to their topic, thinking level, motivation for and level of autonomy in raising the questionshow more
  • Apr 2009 Journal Article The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning

    Gender Dependency and Cultural Independency of Science Interest in an Open and Distant Science Learning Environment

    Ayelet Baram-Tsabari, Alaa Kaadni
    Abstract
    This study aims to describe the similarities and differences in the science interests of males and females from Israeli and Arab Middle Eastern countries, as derived from over 1,000 science questions sent to an international ask-a-scientist site. Our findings indicate that while the stereotypical gender gap in interest persists, and significant differences were foundshow more
  • Jan 2009 Journal Article Science Education

    Asking scientists: A decade of questions analyzed by age, gender, and country

    Abstract
    Nearly 79,000 questions sent to an Internet-based Ask-A-Scientist site during the last decade were analyzed according to the surfer's age, gender, country of origin, and the year the question was sent. The sample demonstrated a surprising dominance of female contributions among K-12 students (although this dominance did not carry over to the full sample), where offlineshow more
  • Apr 2008 Journal Article Research in Science & Technological Education

    Girls’ biology, boys’ physics: evidence from free-choice science learning settings

    Abstract
    Many of the explanations for girls’ disinterest in physics focus on the role of the educational system in creating this situation. Here, we use evidence from free‐choice science learning settings to study if this lack of interest is also expressed in non‐school settings. Three sets of self‐generated questions raised by children, adolescents and adults in the fields ofshow more
  • 1 Nov 2007 Journal Article American Biology Teacher

    Interest in Biology: A Developmental Shift Characterized Using Self-Generated Questions

    Abstract
    Why Are We Interested in Interest? Within the science-education community, much thought has been given to the question of "what people should know about science." In contrast, the question of "what people are interested in knowing about science" is rarely considered. Interest refers to a differential likelihood of investing energy in one set of stimuli rather thanshow more
  • Nov 2006 Journal Article Science Education

    Using questions sent to an Ask-A-Scientist site to identify children's interests in science

    Abstract
    Interest is a powerful motivator; nonetheless, science educators often lack the necessary information to make use of the power of student-specific interests in the reform process of science curricula. This study suggests a novel methodology, which might be helpful in identifying such interests—using children's self-generated questions as an indication of their scientificshow more
  • Jun 2005 Journal Article International Journal of Science Education

    Characterizing children's spontaneous interests in science and technology

    Abstract
    This article reports the results of an analysis of 1676 science and technology questions submitted by Israeli children to a series of television programmes. It categorizes the children’s questions with reference to five different coding schemes: field of interest, motivation for asking the question, type of information requested, country‐specific aspects, and source ofshow more
  • Apr 2005 Journal Article Journal of Research in Science Teaching

    Text genre as a factor in the formation of scientific literacy

    Abstract
    Learning using primary literature may be a way of developing a capacity for scientific ways of thinking among students. Since reading research articles is a difficult task for novices, we examined the possible benefits of learning using primary literature versus secondary literature, particularly with respect to their influence on the creation and formation of scientificshow more