Latest Publications
  • 25 Aug 2021 Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Education

    FIRST High-School Students and FIRST Graduates: STEM Exposure and Career Choices

    Abstract
    Contributions: The study contributes to the social cognitive career theory (SCCT) by explaining high-school students' career choices and finding possible relations between self-efficacy, interpersonal skills, what inspires them to choose a career, and their actual choices. The practical contribution of this research lies in understanding the impact of the For Inspirationshow more
  • 25 Aug 2021 Journal Article The Journal of Mathematical Behavior

    Standing on each other’s shoulders: A case of coalescence between geometric discourses in peer interaction

    Abstract
    In this paper we draw on the commognitive theory to examine novice students’ transition from familiar mathematics meta-rules to less familiar ones during peer interaction. To pursue this goal, we focused on a relatively symmetric interaction between two middle-school students given a geometric task. During their dyadic problem-solving, the students transitioned fromshow more
  • 10 Aug 2021 Book Chapter Addressing Wicked Problems through Science Education

    Who Benefits from the Natural Gas in Israel? Using a Public Debate to Teach All Components of Education for Sustainable Development

    Abstract
    The natural gas export dilemma refers to the debate over preserving the Israeli natural gas for local use or exporting it to increase revenues. It can be framed as a sustainability dilemma between the long-term utilization of a nonrenewable energy resource (inter-generational question) and the current diverse economic interests (intra-generational question). A learningshow more
  • 9 Aug 2021 Journal Article Chemistry Education Research and Practice

    Preservice teachers' enactment of formative assessment using rubrics in the inquiry-based chemistry laboratory

    Abstract
    In recent years teachers’ education programs encourage preservice teachers to practice a variety of assessment methods to prepare them to be highly qualified practitioners who are capable in enhancing students’ scientific understanding. Formative assessment (FA) – also known as assessment for learning – involves the process of seeking and interpreting evidence aboutshow more
  • Aug 2021 Edited Volume

    Artificial Intelligence in Education: 22nd International Conference, AIED 2021, Utrecht, The Netherlands, June 14-18, 2021, Proceedings, Part I

    Ido Roll , Danielle McNamara , Sergey Sosnovsky , Rose Luckin , Vania Dimitrova
    Abstract
    The 22nd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED 2021), originally planned for Utrecht, the Netherlands, was held virtually during June 2021. AIED 2021 was the latest in a longstanding series of yearly international conferences for the presentation of high-quality research into ways to enhance student learning through applications ofshow more
  • 26 Jul 2021 Blog Post Communications of The ACM

    A journal for interdisciplinary data science education

    Abstract
    If your research is in data science and you wish to present your insights and research about the teaching of data science, you probably have no choice but to try submitting your manuscript to a journal that deals with a data science related topic and is dedicating a special issue to data science education, or to an educational conference on a topic related to datashow more
  • 23 Jul 2021 Conference Paper Proceedings of the 44th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education

    Growth in geometric joint routines during middle-school peer interaction

    Abstract
    In this paper, we draw on the commognitive framework to explore types of mathematical growth during middle-school geometry peer interaction. Comparing students’ routines when working apart with their joint routines when working together, we identified four types of mathematical growth. Three types were object-level growth: applicability, refinement, and flexibility. Oneshow more
  • 23 Jul 2021 Conference Paper Proceedings of the 44th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education

    Challenges for Publishing Research Results on Mathematics Professional Development

    Paola Sztajn , Einat Heyd-Metzuyanim , Jill Adler , Peter Liljedahl , Ronnie Karsenty , Karin Brodie
    Abstract
    The overarching goal of this new Working Group is to explore the concern that there are existing results and insights from research on mathematics professional development (MPD) that are not being published in major journals in the field. The group will identify the nature of the problem, potential sources, and possible solutions.
  • 21 Jul 2021 Journal Article ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems

    Expressive Cognitive Architecture for a Curious Social Robot

    Maor Rosenberg , Hae Won Park , Rinat B Rosenberg-Kima , Safinah Ali , Anastasia K Ostrowski , Cynthia Breazeal , Goren Gordon
    Abstract
    Artificial curiosity, based on developmental psychology concepts wherein an agent attempts to maximize its learning progress, has gained much attention in recent years. Similarly, social robots are slowly integrating into our daily lives, in schools, factories, and in our homes. In this contribution, we integrate recent advances in artificial curiosity and social robotsshow more
  • 21 Jul 2021 Journal Article Chemistry Education Research and Practice

    Assessing teachers’ knowledge: incorporating context-based learning in chemistry

    Abstract
    Content knowledge (CK), pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) and, assessment knowledge (AK) are fundamental types of teachers’ knowledge. Second-career, pre-service chemistry teachers leave the industry and return to the Technion to study in the Views program to obtain a high school teaching certificate. Their background can potentially contribute to higher quality ofshow more
  • 13 Jul 2021 Journal Article Journal of Chemical Education

    Educational Escape Room: Break Dalton’s Code and Escape!

    Abstract
    In the contemporary landscape of science education, teachers aspire to implement approaches that engage students with diverse teaching methods in diverse learning environments. By reviewing educational literature that deals with chemical escape rooms (ChEsRms), we can find several purposes they serve; however, only a few papers used ChEsRms for assessing student’sshow more
  • 11 Jul 2021 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    Science, Maddá, and ‘Ilm: The language divide in scientific information available to Internet users:

    Abstract
    The Internet has potential to alleviate inequality in general and specifically with respect to science literacy. Nevertheless, digital divides persist in online access and use, as well as in subsequent social outcomes. Among these, the “language divide” partly determines how successful users are in their Internet use depending on their proficiency in languages, andshow more
  • 8 Jul 2021 Journal Article The Electronic Journal of e-Learning (EJEL)

    Shaping Teachers' Perceptions of their role in the Digital age Through Participation in an Online PBL-based Course

    Orit Avidov-Ungar , Dina Tsybulsky
    Abstract
    Our research traced significant learning experiences of teachers enrolled in a Master's degree program in teacher education, in an attempt to understand how participation in an online course that employs the project-based learning (PBL) approach influenced their perceptions of the teachers' role in the digital age. Data was collected from 2014 to 2016 using: (a) ashow more
  • Jul 2021 Journal Article Proceedings of the Singapore National Academy of Science

    “We Know our Students”: Teacher Views of Inquiry-Based Learning Implementation in Light of Their Working Context

    Abstract
    Inquiry-based learning is a well-known strategy in STEM education. It aims to enhance conceptual learning, acquisition of scientific practices, and reflecting on the Nature of Science. However, evidence indicates that in practice, inquiry is often taught in a narrow, mainly experimental approach. This interpretive study analyzes teachers explicit and implicit viewsshow more
  • 28 Jun 2021 Journal Article International Journal of Technology and Design Education

    Characteristics of student engagement in high-school robotics courses

    Abstract
    Student engagement has been described as active involvement in a learning activity that significantly affects learning achievement. This study investigated student engagement in robotics education, considering it as an instant emotional reaction on interaction with the teacher, the peers, and the robotic environment. The objective was to characterize engagement in highshow more
  • 26 Jun 2021 Journal Article Mathematics

    Flipped Classroom Among Minorities in the Context of Mathematics Learning: The Israeli Case

    Abstract
    This study presents a designated flipped classroom (FC) mathematics environment that utilizes a unique online platform designed for Arab minority students in Israel. It investigates how studying in an FC affects conceptual understanding and motivation to study mathematics among Arab high school students. The study also explores the factors that contribute to effectiveshow more
  • 19 Jun 2021 Journal Article Educational Studies in Mathematics

    Mathematical media literacy in the COVID-19 pandemic and its relation to school mathematics education

    רוב הישראלים לא הבינו היבטים כמותיים של סיקור הקורונה בחדשות, ופחד ממתמטיקה עשוי להיות אחד האחראים לכך
    מאז התפתחותה של מגפת הקורונה לכדי למשבר עולמי מככבים במהדורות החדשות גרפים ונתונים כמותיים למכביר. כולנו שמענו בלי סוף על "מקדם R" ועל "צמיחה אקספוננציאלית" המתייחסים לקצב התפשטות המגפה. האם אנחנו מבינים את משמעותם של הנתונים האלה? על שאלה זו משיב מחקר חדש שנערך בטכניון והתפרסם ב- Educational Studies in Mathematics.
    את המחקר, המנתח על סמך שאלונים את רמת האוריינות המתמטית-תקשורתית של קבוצות אוכלוסייה שונות בישראל, ערכו פרופ' עינת הד-מצוינים, ד"ר אביב שרון ופרופ' אילת ברעם-צברי מהפקולטה לחינוך למדע ומתמטיקה בטכניון. הנתונים נאספו במהלך הגל הראשון של מגפת הקורונה (מרץ-אפריל 2020) והממצאים הוסקו על סמך תשובותיהם של 439 משתתפים המהווים מדגם מייצג של הציבור הבוגר בישראל.
    כשנשאלו על ידיעות חדשותיות המכילות מידע מתמטי, אפילו אנשים שלמדו מתמטיקה ברמת 5 יחידות לימוד בתיכון לא הצליחו להבין הכול;  ב"מבחן ההבנה" שנערך להם הם קיבלו ציון ממוצע של 72. כלל הציבור מבין פחות: אנשים שהשלימו 3 יחידות לימוד במתמטיקה (כמחצית ממספר הזכאים לתעודת בגרות), למשל, קיבלו ציון ממוצע נמוך הרבה יותר - 54.
    הממצאים מדאיגים אף יותר בהתייחס למשתתפי המחקר שלא השלימו תעודת בגרות. קבוצה זו, המהווה כ-45% מהשנתון של בני ובנות 17 במדינת ישראל בשנים האחרונות, הוציאה ציון ממוצע של 44, כלומר הבינה פחות ממחצית הפריטים שהופיעו בשאלון.
    ממצאים אלו מעוררים דאגה לגבי הרלוונטיות של המתמטיקה הבית-ספרית לצרכים היום-יומיים של בוגרי מערכת החינוך. הם גם מדגישים את החשיבות של קידום האוריינות המתמטית בקרב כלל התלמידים.
    החוקרים הופתעו לגלות גורם נוסף שהשפיע על הבנת הידע המתמטי של הנשאלים, מעבר למספר היחידות שלמדו בתיכון: תפיסתם העצמית כ"טובים במתמטיקה" או "גרועים במתמטיקה" והערכתם את המתמטיקה כמקצוע שימושי ומעניין. הממצא הזה מרמז שהפחד ממתמטיקה מונע מאנשים מלהעמיק בנתונים כמותיים כאשר הם נדרשים לכך, גם אם הם למדו את המיומנויות המתאימות לכך בבית הספר.
    לדברי החוקרת הראשית במחקר, פרופ' עינת הד-מצוינים מהפקולטה לחינוך למדע ומתמטיקה בטכניון, "הממצאים מצביעים על כך שהמתמטיקה הבית-ספרית, ובמיוחד זו שנלמדת בהקבצות הגבוהות, אומנם עשויה לסייע לאדם הבוגר להבין מידע קריטי החשוב לבריאותו; עם זאת, כעת אנחנו מבינים כמה חזקה ההשפעה של רתיעה ממתמטיקה על יישומו של הידע האמור. מאחר שלימודי המתמטיקה נועדו לסייע לנו להתמודד עם מידע מתמטי בחיי היום-יום, חשוב שבוגרי מערכת החינוך ייצאו ממנה לא רק עם הכלים החיוניים אלא גם עם אהבה למתמטיקה, או לכל הפחות ללא רתיעה ממנה."
    Abstract
    In the first months of 2020, as the COVID-19 pandemic became a top concern worldwide, media coverage became full of information that demands mathematical literacy, or numeracy, to interpret. In this study, we examine the public’s understanding of mathematical notions that are required for understanding the pandemic and predicting its spread. We also explore its correlationsshow more
  • 18 Jun 2021 Conference Paper AIED: International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education

    Artificial Intelligence in Education

    Ido Roll , Danielle McNamara , Sergey Sosnovsky , Rose Luckin , Vania Dimitrova
    Abstract
    This two-volume set LNAI 12748 and 12749 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, AIED 2021, held in Utrecht, The Netherlands, in June 2021. The 40 full papers presented together with 76 short papers, 2 panels papers, 4 industry papers, 4 doctoral consortium, and 6 workshop papers were carefullyshow more
  • 11 Jun 2021 Conference Paper International Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS’21).

    Towards Asynchronous Data Science Invention Activities at Scale

    Abstract
    Invention activities are carefully designed problem-solving tasks in which learners are asked to invent solutions to unfamiliar problems prior to being taught the canonical solutions. Invention activities are typically used in the classroom setting. As online education becomes increasingly common, there is a need to adapt Invention activities to the asynchronous natureshow more
  • 11 Jun 2021 Conference Paper International Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS’21)

    Effective Middle-School Collaborative Geometry Learning: A Dialogic Discursive Lens

    Abstract
    To understand how students' dialogic engagement contributes to their process of mathematics learning during collaborative work, we explored the learning process of two 9th grade students transitioning to the deductive discourse while solving a geometric task. Drawing on commognition, we found that dialogic engagement contributed to students’ learning in two ways. Firstshow more
  • 10 Jun 2021 Journal Article Acta Paediatrica

    High screen use by children aged 12-36 months during the first COVID-19 lockdown was associated with parental stress and screen use

    Rola Farah , Michal Zivan , Lior Niv , Naomi Havron , John S Hutton , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    The American Academy of Pediatrics had previously recommended limiting screen exposure in young children, citing development risks (1). The COVID‐19 pandemic, which caused high, unrelenting levels of stress, anxiety and depression, might have increased these risks, as socially isolated children are more vulnerable to negative parental emotions and unhealthy behaviourshow more
  • 8 Jun 2021 Conference Paper L@S '21: Proceedings of the Eighth ACM Conference on Learning @ Scale

    Personalization at Scale: Making Learning Personally Relevant in a Climate Science MOOC

    Ido Roll , Ilana Ram , Sara Harris
    Abstract
    Personalization and choice in learning activities can increase student engagement, satisfaction, and learning gains. But does this effect hold when implemented at scale? The current work explores the effects of personalization and learner's choice in a Climate Science MOOC. We manipulated these by creating two versions of course assignments. Learners who completed theshow more
  • 28 May 2021 Conference Paper International Conference on Software Engineering Education and Training (ICSE-SEET)

    Exponential Competence of Computer Science and Software Engineering Undergraduate Students

    Abstract
    We live in exceptional times in which the entire world is witnessing the exponential spread of a pandemic, which requires to adopt new habits of mind and behaviors. In this paper, I introduce the term exponential competence, which encompasses these cognitive and social skills, and describe a course for computer science and software engineering students in which emphasisshow more
  • 27 May 2021 Preprint medRxiv

    Vaccine-Hesitant Parents’ Considerations Regarding Covid-19 Vaccination of Adolescents

    רוב ההורים לילדים בני 12-15 מעוניינים לחסן נגד קורונה
    במחקר שהקיף למעלה מאלף הורים 57.6% הצהירו ש"בהחלט" או "כנראה" יחסנו את ילדיהם נגד קורונה כשהחיסון יהיה זמין.    

    במחקר שנערך בתחילת חודש מאי ע"י קבוצת תקשורת המדע מהפקולטה לחינוך למדע וטכנולוגיה בטכניון, עמותת מדעת, וד"ר ערגה אטד מהמרכז הבינתחומי בהרצליה, נשאלו 1118 הורים דוברי עברית לילדים בגילאי 12-15, האם בכוונתם לחסן את ילדיהם נגד קורונה כשהחיסון יאושר ויהיה זמין להם. מרבית ההורים ציינו שברצונם לחסן את ילדיהם (57.6% מההורים), ורק 6.3% החליטו מראש שלא לחסן.
    כ - 450 הורים נשאלו על השיקולים המעודדים אותם לחסן. השיקולים העיקריים שציינו היו (בסדר יורד) יעילות החיסון, חשש שילדיהם יחלו בקורונה, רצון לקבל תו ירוק, ואחריות חברתית. יש לציין שבעוד שהורים רבים רוצים תו ירוק עבור ילדיהם, רוב גדול (95%) הביע התנגדות לרעיון של הדבקה מכוונת כדי להשיג מטרה זו.
    המחקר יימשך במהלך מבצע החיסונים לילדים.
    Abstract
    Introduction: Israel led a rapid vaccine rollout against COVID-19, leading to a local remission of the epidemic and rolling back of most public health measures. Further vaccination of 12-15-year-olds may be hindered by public perceptions of the necessity and safety of vaccination. Methods: we examined the considerations of vaccine hesitant parents (VHPs) regardingshow more
  • 24 May 2021 Journal Article Brain Research

    Higher maternal education is related to negative functional connectivity between attention system networks and reading-related regions in children with reading difficulties compared to typical readers

    Paige Greenwood , Jonathan Dudley , John S Hutton , DiFrancesco Mark , Rola Farah , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    Ten to 15% of school-age children have reading difficulties (RD, or dyslexia), defined by deficits in phonological processing, fluency, and executive functions (EFs). Although RD is referred to as a genetic disorder, reading ability may also be affected by environmental factors such as inadequate exposure to literacy and a lack of parental involvement. These environmentalshow more
  • 20 May 2021 Journal Article International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy (iJEP)

    Student Practice In 3D Design and Printing for Promoting Analytical and Applied Mathematical Thinking Skills

    Abstract
    The educational literature emphasises the key role of analytical thinking (AT) and applied mathematical skills (AMS) in solving engineering problems and calls to nurture these skills in school STEM education. This study proposes and explores a strategy for fostering AT and AMS among middle school students and prospective teachers through practice in digital design andshow more
  • 19 May 2021 Journal Article Depression and Anxiety

    Maternal depression is associated with decreased functional connectivity within semantics and phonology networks in preschool children

    Rola Farah , Jonathan Dudley , John S Hutton , Paige Greenwood , Scott K Holland , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    Introduction Maternal depression is characterized by a lack of emotional responsiveness and engagement with their child, which may lead to the child's decreased cognitive, and language outcomes all related to the child's future reading outcomes. The relations between maternal depression and functional connectivity in neural circuits supporting language in the child wasshow more
  • 7 May 2021 Journal Article Eurasia Journal of mathematics, Science and Technology Education

    Teaching and Assessment Methods: STEM Teachers’ Perceptions and Implementation

    Effrat Akiri , Hrisilda Matathia Tor , Yehudit Judy Dori
    Abstract
    This study explores Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) teachers’ perceptions of teaching and assessment methods. We investigated 125 STEM subject coordinators and teachers using interviews and questionnaires. We examined the most commonly implemented teaching and assessment methods, and the reasons teachers chose them. Then, we compared teachersshow more
  • 3 May 2021 Journal Article European Journal of Engineering Education

    The innovation level of engineering students’ team projects in hybrid and MOOC environments

    Abstract
    The study goal was to assess the innovation level of engineering students’ team projects and to examine the relationships between project innovation and team heterogeneity in two online environments. Applying a two-stage mixed methods research design, the qualitative and quantitative data were obtained by interviews with experts in engineering education followed by ashow more
  • 21 Apr 2021 Conference Paper Global Engineering Education Conference

    Widening the Shrinking Pipeline: The Case of Data Science

    Koby Mike , Gilly Hartal , Orit Hazzan
    Abstract
    Gender imbalance in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) studies and occupations is a well-known phenomenon with a large body of research that tries to explain it and offer remedial interventions. Data science is a new and interdisciplinary STEM-oriented domain, integrating knowledge and skills from computer science, mathematics, and statistics withshow more
  • 21 Apr 2021 Journal Article Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education

    Commognitive conflicts as a learning mechanism towards explorative pedagogical discourse

    Talli Nachlieli , Einat Heyd-Metzuyanim
    Abstract
    This paper focuses on the discourse of teachers and instructors in a TEAMS (Teaching Exploratively for All Mathematics Students) professional development (PD) setting and on the discursive mechanisms that afford such learning. We conceptualize learning in this PD as a change in a teacher's pedagogical discourse—from alignment with Delivery Pedagogical Discourse (DPD)show more
  • 14 Apr 2021 Journal Article Interactive Learning Environments

    Interface and interaction design for an online, asynchronous peer instruction tool

    Letitia Englund , Firas Moosvi , Ido Roll
    Abstract
    This article describes the design and evaluation of an online, asynchronous tool that mirrors the beneficial peer instruction process currently conducted in face-to-face classrooms. In the online Peer Instruction tool, students respond to a multiple-choice question with an answer and explanation. They are then exposed to peer responses to the same question. Finallyshow more
  • 2 Apr 2021 Journal Article International Journal of Science Education

    Motivation to teach a non-mandatory learning-unit on energy efficiency and renewable energy

    Keren Mintz , Tali Tal , Ofira Ayalon
    Abstract
    In this research, we investigate the implementation of a non-mandatory learning-unit on renewable energy in elementary schools in Israel. The research focuses on the effect of teachers’ attitudes toward energy conservation and the efficient use of energy, as well as on the effects of contextual factors on teaching the programme. Mixed methods were used for data collectionshow more
  • 2 Apr 2021 Journal Article Thinking Skills and Creativity

    An integrative conceptual model of innovation and innovative thinking based on a synthesis of a literature review

    Abstract
    Innovation is an engine of growth and an important 21st-century competency. The cognitive process that leads to innovation is conceptualized as innovative thinking. The literature presents many non-unified definitions of innovation, and several definitions of innovative thinking, most of which are very general and are grounded in specific disciplines. Addressing thisshow more
  • Apr 2021 Journal Article International Journal of Engineering Education

    Summative Assessment Based on Two-Tier Multiple-Choice Questions: Item Discrimination and Engineering Students' and Teachers' Attitudes

    Aharon Gero , Yinnon Stav
    Abstract
    Summative assessment is carried out at the end of the teaching process, and should be objective, reliable and valid. The standard multiple-choice test is a common summative assessment tool in engineering education. However, one of the main arguments against this test is that it examines only lower-order thinking skills. A possible solution is the use of two-tiershow more
  • 30 Mar 2021 Journal Article Studies in Educational Evaluation

    Perceptions of STEM alumni and students on developing 21st century skills through methods of teaching and learning

    Abstract
    21st century skills are essential for career readiness. We investigated the development of students’ 21st century skills at a science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) research university: Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. We designed a self-reporting questionnaire covering 14 skills and deployed it to approximately 1500 students and alumnishow more
  • 25 Mar 2021 Journal Article Journal of Science Education and Technology

    Choosing Chemistry at Different Education and Career Stages: Chemists, Chemical Engineers, and Teachers

    Abstract
    In response to the realization that qualified applicants’ choice of a career in chemistry is declining, we investigated the factors involved in chemistry and chemical education career choice. Building on the social cognitive theory (SCT) and the social cognitive career theory (SCCT), this research examines the personal, environmental, and behavioral factors influencingshow more
  • 15 Mar 2021 Journal Article JAMA Pediatrics

    Development of an Eco-Biodevelopmental Model of Emergent Literacy Before Kindergarten: A Review

    John S Hutton , Thomas G Dewitt , Lauren Hoffman , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus , Perri Klass
    Abstract
    Importance Literacy has been described as an important social determinant of health. Its components emerge in infancy and are dependent on genetic, medical, and environmental factors. The American Academy of Pediatrics advocates a substantial role for pediatricians in literacy promotion, developmental surveillance, and school readiness to promote cognitive, relationalshow more
  • 14 Mar 2021 Journal Article Educating Engineers for Future Industrial Revolutions

    What Drives Sophomore Students to Study Electrical Engineering? The Case of Danish and Israeli Students

    Aharon Gero , Anna Friesel
    Abstract
    Successful implementation of future industrial revolutions requires, inter alia, well-trained engineers. However, the Western world is suffering from an ongoing shortage in engineers. Fostering academic motivation plays a major role in the efforts to reduce dropouts among engineering students. Therefore, the study described here was aimed to map and analyse the motivationalshow more
  • 9 Mar 2021 Conference Paper 15th International Technology, Education and Development Conference

    Two-Tier Multiple-Choice Questions In Electrical Engineering: Students’ Attitudes

    Aharon Gero , Yinnon Stav
    Abstract
    The standard multiple-choice test is a common summative assessment instrument in science and engineering education. This tool has both advantages (e.g., objectivity and fast automated marking) and disadvantages (e.g., evaluating only lower-order thinking skills). A possible solution to the weakness mentioned above is the use of two-tier multiple-choice questions. In ashow more
  • 8 Mar 2021 Preprint PsyArXiv

    COVID-19 first lockdown as a unique window into language acquisition: What you do (with your child) matters

    Natalia Kartushina , Nivedita Mani , Asli Aktan-Erciyes , Khadeejah Alaslani , Naomi Aldrich , Alaa Almohammadi , Haifa Alroqi , Lucy Anderson , Elena Andonova , Suzanne Aussems , Mireille Babineau , Mihaela Barokova , Christina Bergmann , Cara Cashon , Stephanie Custode , Alex de Carvalho , Nevena Dimitrova , Agnieszka Dynak , Rola Farah , Christopher Fennell , Anne-Caroline Fievet , Michael Frank , Margarita Gavrilova , Hila Gendler-Shalev , Shannon Gibson , Katherine Golway , Nayeli Gonzalez-Gomez , Ewa Haman , Erin Hannon , Naomi Havron , Jessica Hay , Cielke Hendriks , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus , Marina Kalashnikova , Junko Kanero , Christina Keller , Grzegorz Krajewski , Catherine Laing , Rebecca Lundwall , Magdalena Łuniewska , Karolina Mieszkowska , Luis Munoz , Karli Nave , Nonah Olesen , Lynn Perry , Caroline Rowland , Daniela Oliveira , Jeanne Shinskey , Aleksander Veraksa , Kolbie Vincent , Michal Zivan , Julien Mayor
    Abstract
    The COVID-19 pandemic, and the resulting closure of daycare centers worldwide, led to unprecedented changes in children’s learning environments. This period of increased time at home with caregivers, with limited access to external sources (e.g., daycares) provides a unique opportunity to examine the associations between the caregiver-child activities and children’sshow more
  • 3 Mar 2021 Conference Paper SIGCSE '21: Proceedings of the 52nd ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education

    A Microlearning Online Framework for Teaching Programming Basics

    Abstract
    This lightning talk describes the authors' initiative to deliver effective and enjoyable online learning of programming-basics to middle-school and beyond students with no programming background. With the COVID-19 long-term implications that have driven school systems to online learning, students face new challenges as they struggle to maintain their focus during longshow more
  • 3 Mar 2021 Conference Paper SIGCSE '21: Proceedings of the 52nd ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education

    Teaching Machine Learning to Computer Science Preservice Teachers: Human vs. Machine Learning

    Abstract
    Machine learning is a fast-growing field with various applications in artificial intelligence and data science. Recently, a new machine learning program have been integrated into the Israeli high school computer science curriculum and thus we added a new machine learning module to the Methods of Teaching Computer Science (MTCS) course, which is part of the teachers'show more
  • 3 Mar 2021 Conference Paper SIGCSE '21: Proceedings of the 52nd ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education

    How Can Computer Science Educators Benefit from Data Science Education?

    Abstract
    Data science in an emerging interdisciplinary field integrating knowledge and skills from computer science, statistics, and an application domain. The contribution of computer science education to the field of data science education is therefore evident. As computer science educators, however, we can benefit from adapting concepts and methods of data science educationshow more
  • 3 Mar 2021 Conference Paper SIGCSE '21: Proceedings of the 52nd ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education

    The CS-orona Initiative: Fulfilling the Organizational Needs of Israeli High School Computer Science Teachers during the Corona Pandemic

    Rachel Perlman , Hagit Cohen , Orit Hazzan
    Abstract
    This experience report focuses on the community of Israeli high school computer science (CS) teachers during the corona pandemic. Like most educational systems worldwide, which were suddenly shut down during the outbreak of the corona pandemic, the Israeli education system was closed from March 12, 2020 until the end of the school year. However, since the national CSshow more
  • 1 Mar 2021 Journal Article Pediatrics

    Validation of The Reading House and Association With Cortical Thickness

    John S Hutton , Jonathan Dudley , Guixia Huang , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus , Thomas G Dewitt , Richard F Ittenbach , Scott K Holland
    Abstract
    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends literacy and school readiness promotion during well visits. The Reading House (TRH) is a children’s book–based screener of emergent literacy skills in preschool-aged children. Vocabulary, rhyming, and rapid naming are core emergent skills, and reading abilities are associated with thicker cortexshow more
  • 23 Feb 2021 Journal Article Brain Research

    Greater reading gain following intervention is associated with low magnetic resonance spectroscopy derived concentrations in the anterior cingulate cortex in children with dyslexia

    Kim M Cecil , Kelly J Brunst , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    Background/Objective The “neural noise” hypothesis suggests that individuals with dyslexia have high glutamate concentrations associated with their reading challenges. Different reading intervention programs have showed low GLX (a combined measure for glutamine and glutamate obtained with in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy) in association with reading improvementshow more
  • 16 Feb 2021 Conference Paper Proceedings of the 16th Chais Conference for the Study of Innovation and Learning Technologies: Learning in the Digital Era

    Measuring Motivation in Learning Management System

    Miri Barhak-Rabinowitz , Yael Erez , Ido Roll
    Abstract
    Usually, motivation for learning is measured using self-report surveys (Fulmer & Frijters ,2009). However, trace-data from Learning Management System (LMS) enable a new view into the learning process, thereby creating fertile ground for measuring learner motivation. Chen and Jang (2010) discovered that there were no significant correlations between learning motivationshow more
  • 16 Feb 2021 Conference Paper Proceedings of the 16th Chais Conference for the Study of Innovation and Learning Technologies: Learning in the Digital Era

    Teachers Uncover the Potential of 3D Printing Activities to Promote Analytical and Applied Mathematical Skills

    Abstract
    Educators concur that schools should prepare students for the digital transformation era. 3D printing is a disruptive digital technology that can be integrated into education as a learning subject as well as educational technology. The potential of 3D design and printing (3DP) activities for learning different subjects and developing higher-order thinking skills isshow more
  • 16 Feb 2021 Conference Paper Proceedings of the 16th Chais Conference for the Study of Innovation and Learning Technologies: Learning in the Digital Era

    Science, Maddá and 'Ilm: Differences in the Quality of Scientific Information Available to Internet Users in Three Languages

    סיינס, מדע ועילם: הבדלים באיכות המידע המדעי הזמין למשתמשי האינטרנט בשלוש שפות
    לשימוש באינטרנט יש פוטנציאל לצמצום האי-שיוויון בתחום האוריינות המדעית ובתחומים נוספים. למרות זאת, מוסיפים להתקיים פערים דיגיטליים בגישה לאינטרנט, בשימוש בו ובתוצאות החברתיות הנובעות מכך. בין היתר, "הפער הלשוני" (the language divide) קובע באופן חלקי את מידת ההצלחה של משתמשים בשימוש באינטרנט בהתבסס על מידת שליטתם בשפות, ובמיוחד באנגלית, שכן זוהי השפה הדומיננטית באינטרנט. במחקר זה ביקשנו לבחון האם איכות המידע המדעי הזמין למשתמשי האינטרנט משתנה בין שפות. לשם כך השווינו תוצאות חיפושים למונחי יסוד בתחומי המדעים באנגלית, בעברית ובערבית. אספנו רשימה של שלושים מונחים בכל שפה שהתייחסו לשלושה תחומי דעת: פיזיקה, כימיה וביולוגיה. אספנו את תוצאות החיפוש מ-Google Search והערכנו את איכותן של שבע התוצאות הראשונות (סה"כ n = 630). הממצאים מלמדים שלתוצאות החיפושים באנגלית יש איכות גבוהה יותר מלתוצאות בעברית ובערבית, אך בעיקר בהיבטים הפדגוגיים, ולא בהיבטים המדעיים. כאשר בוצע לתוצאות החיפוש ניתוח אשכולות (cluster analysis) מסוג LDA בניסיון להפריד את התוצאות לפי שפה, התקבלה הפרדה טובה יותר מאשר ההפרדה שהתקבלה בניתוח אשכולות לפי תחום דעת. ממצא זה מלמד על קיומו של "פער לשוני" בגישה לתכנים מדעיים בקרב תלמידים מאותה המדינה. אנו טוענים כי על הקהילות המדעיות והחינוכיות לפעול לצמצומו של פער זה.
    Abstract
    The internet is a source of information with potential to alleviate inequality in general and specifically with respect to science literacy. Nevertheless, digital divides persist in online access and use and in subsequent social outcomes. Among these, the "language divide" partly determines how successful users are in their internet use depending on their proficiencyshow more
  • 8 Feb 2021 Journal Article European Physical Journal B

    Roles of cooperative effects and disorder in photon localization: the case of a vector radiation field

    Louis Bellando , Aharon Gero , Eric Akkermans , Robin Kaiser
    Abstract
    We numerically study photon escape rates from three-dimensional atomic gases and investigate the respective roles of cooperative effects and disorder in photon localization, while taking into account the vectorial nature of light. A scaling behavior is observed for the escape rates, and photons undergo a crossover from delocalization toward localization as the opticalshow more
  • 4 Feb 2021 Journal Article F1000Research

    Worldviews of science teachers in educational-technological context as a key factor in digitalization of teaching practices

    השקפות עולם של מורים למדעים בהקשר החינוכי-טכנולוגי כגורם מרכזי בתהליך הדיגיטציה של פרקטיקות הוראה
    מחקר זה עוסק בתפיסות העולם של מורים למדעים בהקשר החינוכי-טכנולוגי. גיבוש תובנה מעמיקה יותר לגבי שיח של מורים בהתייחס לדיגיטציה של בתי הספר והבנת תפיסות העולם של מורים בהקשר החינוכי-טכנולוגי עשויים להיות חשובים ביותר כיון שנראה שהם תופסים תפקיד מרכזי בתהליך הדיגיטציה של פרקטיקות הוראה. הנתונים במחקר זה התקבלו באמצעות ראיונות עומק של 38 מורי מדעים ישראלים. בוצע ניתוח לשוני של הנתונים על מנת לבחון את ההתנהגות השפתית של המורים. מחקר זה עוסק בשאלות הבאות: (1) האם קיים הבדל בין המורים בהתייחס למוקדי תשומת הלב הבאים לידי ביטוי בכינויי הגוף? (2) האם קיים הבדל בין המורים במונחים של איכות ומידת הביטוי הרגשי שלהם הבאים לידי ביטוי בשימוש במילות רגש? (3) מהם השדות הסמנטיים של צברי המילים שכוללים טכנולוגיה ודיגיטל והאם הם משקפים הבדלים בהבנה של המורים אודות הדיגיטציה של בתי הספר? הממצאים מצביעים על הבדלים בתפיסות העולם של המורים הבאים לידי ביטוי בהתנהגות השפתית. נמצאו הבדלים בין שלוש קבוצות המורים [צופים מבחוץ, מודעים לשינוי, מעורבים בשינוי] בהתייחס למוקדי תשומת הלב, רמת המעורבות הרגשית והביטויים העקיפים שלהם בהבנת הדיגיטציה של פרקטיקות הוראה. מסקנות המחקר הן שתפיסות העולם של מורים הן גורם מפתח בהבנת המשמעות של להיות מורים בחברה דיגיטלית. בנוסף, המחקר שלנו מדגים שניתוח לשוני במחקר חינוכי היא מתודולוגיה מבטיחה שיכולה לתת תמונה עמוקה ומובנת של התופעה הנחקרת.
    Abstract
    Background: This research deals with science teachers' worldviews in the educational-technological context. Obtaining a deeper insight into teachers' discourse regarding school digitalization and understanding teachers' worldviews in the educational-technological context may be viewed as crucially important since the latter tends to play a central role in the processshow more
  • 4 Feb 2021 Journal Article Science and Engineering Ethics

    Applying a Social Constructivist Approach to an Online Course on Ethics of Research

    Abstract
    The growing trend of shifting from classroom to distance learning in ethics education programs raises the need to examine ways for adapting best instructional practices to online modes. To address this need, the current study was set to apply a social constructivist approach to an online course in research ethics and to examine its effect on the learning outcomes ofshow more
  • 1 Feb 2021 Journal Article Journal of Education for Teaching

    Examining future-oriented discourse within reflective narratives as professional identity development for student teachers

    בחינת שיח מכוון עתיד בנרטיב רפלקטיבי כפיתוח זהות מקצועית של סטודנטים להוראה
    למרות עליית המודעות לחשיבותן של פרקטיקות רפלקטיביות מכוונות עתיד בקרב חוקרי הכשרת מורים, קיים פער בספרות בהתייחס לשאלה האם ובאיזה אופן רפלקציות כתובות כאלה מקדמות  את פיתוח הזהות המקצועית של סטודנטים להוראה. מטרת המחקר הנוכחי היא לחקור את תרומתו של השיח מכוון עתיד ברפלקציות כתובות לעיצוב הזהות המקצועית של סטודנטים להוראה ולהשלים את הפער הקיים בספרות. משתתפי המחקר היו 16 סטודנטים בשנתם הראשונה ללימודי תואר B.Ed בהתמחות להוראת מדעים. הנתונים התקבלו מדיווחים רפלקטיביים (n=32) של הסטודנטים בסוף הסמסטר הראשון והשני ללימודיהם. התבצע שילוב של ניתוח תוכן עם ניתוח לשוני. הממצאים העיקריים העולים מהמחקר מראים כי סוג כזה של פרקטיקה רפלקטיבית תורם לפיתוח הזהות המקצועית של סטודנטים להוראה ומאפשר להם שלושה דברים מרכזיים: (1) לחזות את סוג המורים שהם יהיו בעתיד, (2) לגבש את  הציפיות שלהם מעצמם ו(3) להביע חששות לגבי עתידם כמורים.
    Abstract
    Despite a growing awareness of the importance of future-oriented reflective practices among teacher-education researchers, there is a gap in the literature regarding the question of whether and in what way these kinds of written reflections promote the development of student teachers’ professional identity. To fill this gap, the current study aims to explore theshow more
  • Feb 2021 Journal Article International Journal of Engineering Education

    Promoting Systems Thinking in Two-Year Technology Students: An Interdisciplinary Course on Medical Ultrasound Systems

    Aharon Gero , Itschak Shlomo
    Abstract
    The development of systems thinking is a primary goal of engineering and technology education, especially within the framework of Industry 4.0. While many actions are being taken to promote systems thinking among engineering students, the efforts to advance it among students in two-year technology programs are relatively few. With the objective of promoting systemsshow more
  • 26 Jan 2021 Journal Article Educational Studies in Mathematics

    Mathematical modeling of tech-related real-world problems for secondary school-level mathematics

    Abstract
    The use of authentic real-world problems that reflect the applied nature of mathematics is not prevalent in formal secondary school settings. In this study, we explore the interface between workplace mathematics, particularly tech-related real-world (TRW) problems, and school mathematics, through the explication of mathematical modeling. The research questions are (1)show more
  • 24 Jan 2021 Journal Article International Journal of Environmental and Science Education

    Expressions of science literacy in online public discussions of animal experimentation

    ביטויים של אוריינות מדעית בטוקבקים לסיקור של ניסויים בבעלי חיים
    בלב החזון של החינוך המדעי לאזרחות מושכלת עומדת האורינות המדעית. המשגות עדכניות מציעות להגדיר אותה בהתאם ליישום בחיי יומיום. במחקר זה אופיינו ביטויים של אוריינות מדעית בדיונים אותנטיים בסביבה מקוונת, באתר חדשות מוביל בישראל. נערך ניתוח תוכן של ביטויי אוריינות מדעית בכתבות העוסקות בסוגיית ניסויים בבעלי חיים לאורך שנה, ותגובות קוראים שהתעוררו בעקבותיהן. תכניות הלימודים בישראל שימשו כמסגרת אנליטית, הכוללת ידע מדעי, תפיסות אודות מהות המדע וכישורי חקר. נמצא שיותר ממחצית מהמושגים שהופיעו בכתבות ובתגובות היו ברמה תיכונית ואקדמית. רמה זו גבוהה מרמת לימודי החובה במדעים. מאחר ובמחקר זה אופיינה רמת הידע המשמש בסוגיות הנידונות, בעקבות כתבות חדשותיות, עולה שאלת הרלוונטיות של הוראת מדעים ברמת לימודי החובה, אשר בישראל אינם כוללים לימודי מדע בתיכון, לאפשרות למעורבות מושכלת של בוגרי מערכת החינוך בשיח ציבורי. נמצא גם שהתפלגות רמת המושגים המדעיים בתגובות הקוראים לסוגית הניסויים בבעלי חיים מצויה במתאם של 0.96 לרמת המושגים בכתבות. תגובות התומכות בניסויים בבעלי חיים ביטאו רמה גבוהה יותר של מושגים מדעיים. תפיסות אודות מהות המדע השתנו בתכנים בהתאם לעמדות: בתגובות התומכות בניסויים בבעלי חיים נמצאו יותר היבטים מחקריים, כגון האופן שבו נבנה ומתפתח ידע מדעי, ואילו התגובות המתנגדות לניסויים בבעלי חיים התייחסו להיבטים החברתיים של מהות המדע. ביטויים אלו מהדהדים הבדלים בתפיסות העולם וחוסר אמון במדענים. המחקר מציע שהוראה המכוונת למעורבות ציבורית מושכלת במדע מחייבת שילוב מפורש של היבטים מחקריים וחברתיים של מהות המדע.
    Abstract
    Recent conceptualizations of science literacy, a key aim of contemporary science education, suggest defining it as a function of actual uses of science in daily life. We characterize expressions of science literacy in online authentic public discourse, using content analysis of a year’s worth of widely-read Israeli online news site coverage of animal experimentationshow more
  • 24 Jan 2021 Journal Article Theorizing and Measuring Affect in Mathematics Teaching and Learning

    Identity Research in Mathematics Education: Reifications Within Multiple Theoretical Viewpoints

    Einat Heyd-Metzuyanim , Mellony Graven
    Abstract
    In this chapter, we provide a conceptual overview of the field of identity in mathematics education based on a recent State of the Art review and our co-editing of a collection of 15 papers in this field, published in ZDM in 2019. We take as our starting point Sfard and Prusak (Educ Res 34(4):14–22, 2005) definition of identity as a collection of reified, significantshow more
  • 12 Jan 2021 Journal Article International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education

    Excellence in Mathematics in Secondary School and Choosing and Excelling in STEM Professions over Significant Periods in Life

    Abstract
    Excellent Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) employees are in constant demand worldwide. The current study explores Israeli students’ choices to study and pursue careers in STEM fields, while students’ level of excellence in mathematics in secondary school is explored as a predictor for choosing a STEM track in future study and employment, as wellshow more
  • 12 Jan 2021 Journal Article Computers in Education

    Active learning with online video: The impact of learning context on engagement

    Kyoungwon Seo , Samuel Dodson , Negar M Harandi , Nathan Roberson , Sidney Fels , Ido Roll
    למידה פעילה עם וידאו: כיצד ההקשר בקורס משפיע על תהליך הלימוד?
    מחקר זה בחן את ההשפעה של ההקשר הלימודי על מעורבות הסטודנטים בזמן למידה מוידאו בקורסים מקוונים ומשולבים.
    המחקר התמקד בפעילות הווידיאו של הסטודנטים עם ViDeX, נגן היפר-וידיאו התומך בהערות והדגשות באתר. מערכת למידה חדשנית זו נמצאת כאן.
    הניסוי הראשון כלל סקר סטודנטים. בסקר אותרו שמונה יעדי מעורבות: שיקוף, סימון, זכירה, הבהרה, רפרוף, חיפוש, התמצאות, והפסקה.
    ניסוי שני כלל ניתוח כמותי של תהליך הלמידה של מאות סטודנטים במספר קורסים. בעזרת שיטות כריית נתונים בלמידה (learning analytics), העקבות של למידת הסטודנטים נותחו. נמצא כי התלמידים משתמשים בסרטונים בצורה הרבה יותר אדפטיבית בקורסים מקוונים מאשר בקורסים המשלבים למידה מקוונת ולמידה פנים אל פנים (היברידיים).
    במקביל, המחקר מצביע על הקושי שבזיהוי מטרות למידה מתוך נתוני עקבות למידה.
    Abstract
    Learning with online video is pervasive in higher education. Recent research has explored the importance of student engagement when learning with video in online and blended courses. However, little is known about students’ goals and intents when engaging with video. Furthermore, there is limited empirical evidence on the impact of learning context on engagement withshow more
  • 7 Jan 2021 Journal Article Robotics

    Exploring Robot Connectivity and Collaborative Sensing in a High-School Enrichment Program

    Igor M Verner , Dan Cuperman , Michael Reitman
    Abstract
    Education is facing challenges to keep pace with the widespread introduction of robots and digital technologies in industry and everyday life. These challenges necessitate new approaches to impart students at all levels of education with the knowledge of smart connected robot systems. This paper presents the high-school enrichment program Intelligent Robotics and Smartshow more
  • 5 Jan 2021 Journal Article International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education

    Lesson Plans as a Mirror: A Close Look at Planning of Work with Underachieving Students

    Raisa Guberman , Dina Tsybulsky
    Abstract
    The study investigates mathematics lesson plans that teachers produced for re-teaching purposes. Its goal is to determine which aspects of mathematics-content knowledge are expressed in lesson plans on the topic of fractions prepared by primary math teachers and intended for underachieving students, and to see how these aspects are manifested. The data were gathered inshow more
  • 22 Dec 2020 Journal Article NeuroImage: Clinical

    Greater functional connectivity within the cingulo-opercular and ventral attention networks is related to better fluent reading: A resting-state functional connectivity study

    Abstract
    Executive functions are higher-order cognitive abilities that affect many of our daily actions, including reading. A two-system model for cognitive control comprises a bottom-up system composed of the dorsal and ventral attention networks and a more evolved top-down system involving the frontoparietal and cingulo-opercular networks. We examined both within- andshow more
  • 14 Dec 2020 Journal Article Asia-Pacific Science Education

    Inequity and Cultural Differences in Out-of-School Science Education: The Case of the Arab Minority in Israel

    Abstract
    This paper examines the gap between Jewish and Arab students in Israel in the context of learning in informal environments. I attempted to understand whether the difference is a matter of inequity in terms of resource allocation and opportunities provided to the schools. I present the socio-historical-political context and the current situation, based on formal documentsshow more
  • 10 Dec 2020 Journal Article Journal of Research in Science Teaching

    Engaging the hands, heads, and hearts in a medical simulation informal learning environment

    Tali Tal , Sameer Dallashe
    Abstract
    We investigated the characteristics of a medical simulation‐based informal learning environment (MSBE) of a science center—an environment not yet studied—to understand its uniqueness and its impact on visiting students. In the MSBE, students interact with, and operate, sophisticated simulators which demonstrate a range of medical situations. Visiting students comprisedshow more
  • 4 Dec 2020 Journal Article Physical Review Physics Education Research

    Teaching nonscience majors about electromagnetic radiation

    Abstract
    [This paper is part of the Focused Collection on Curriculum Development: Theory into Design.] We discuss the theoretical underpinnings that informed the considerations and decisions that shaped the design of a curriculum unit entitled “Electromagnetic radiation—principles, applications, and decisions”. This unit is part (45 h) of the compulsory general science requirementshow more
  • 1 Dec 2020 Journal Article European Journal of Engineering Education

    Interrelations between systems thinking and abstract thinking: the case of high-school electronics students

    Aharon Gero , Aziz Shekh-Abed , Orit Hazzan
    Abstract
    Systems thinking and abstract thinking are important skills for engineers in general and hardware and software engineers in particular. Systems thinking emphasises the interdependence of system components and their synergy. Abstract thinking permits one to focus on the significant details of the current perspective, while temporarily neglecting the less relevant detailsshow more
  • Dec 2020 Journal Article Global Journal of Engineering Education

    Academic motivation in beginning students of electrical engineering: A case study of Danish and Israeli universities

    Aharon Gero , Anna Friesel
    Abstract
    In light of the acute shortage of engineers in the Western world, nurturing academic motivation is a primary goal of engineering education. The study described in this article focused on the mapping and analysis of the factors driving beginning students to study electrical engineering. One hundred and seventy-six Danish and Israeli students took part in the study. Theshow more
  • 24 Nov 2020 Journal Article Thinking Skills and Creativity

    A cultural perspective to project-based learning and the cultivation of innovative thinking

    Abstract
    Studies on higher-order thinking skills advocate the importance of cultivating innovative thinking through project-based learning (PBL); yet, little attention was paid to students’ cultural background. Given the increase in international student mobility, the aim of this study was to examine the role of PBL in cultivating innovative thinking as perceived by internationalshow more
  • 19 Nov 2020 Conference Paper Koli Calling'20: Proceedings of the 20th Koli Calling International Conference on Computing Education Research

    Equalizing Data Science Curriculum for Computer Science Pupils

    Abstract
    Data science is a new interdisciplinary field of research that focuses on extracting value from data. As an interdisciplinary science it integrates knowledge and methods from computer science, mathematics and statistics, and the domain knowledge of the data. As data science is still forming as a domain, several points of view exist on how to teach data science. Theshow more
  • 11 Nov 2020 Conference Paper ICERI2020 Proceedings

    Electronics Students’ Attitudes Toward An Interdisciplinary Course On Medical Ultrasound Systems

    Aharon Gero , Itschak Shlomo
    Abstract
    Systems thinking focuses on the ability to understand the interrelations between the system’s components. Nowadays, considerable actions are being taken to foster systems thinking in engineering students. However, activities to develop it among two-year technology students are relatively limited. As one of the recommended instruments for promoting systems thinking isshow more
  • 5 Nov 2020 Journal Article Eurasia Journal of mathematics, Science and Technology Education

    Mathematics for Computer Science: A Flipped Classroom with an Optional Project

    Abstract
    The Mathematics for Computer Science mandatory course was conducted in a flipped classroom (FC) setting with an optional, voluntary, project-based learning (PBL) component. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of studying in an FC setting, with and without PBL, on students’ problem-solving performance, conceptual understanding, and affective perceptionsshow more
  • 4 Nov 2020 Journal Article Journal of Science Communication

    Engagement styles in an environmental citizen science project

    צורות מעורבות בפרוייקט מדע אזרחי סביבתי
    מאמר זה מזהה את הדרכים המגוונות בהן משתתפים עוסקים במדע, באמצעות פרויקט מדע אזרחי בודד. באמצעות שימוש בנתונים ממקורות מגוונים, אנו מתארים את הפעילויות השונות המתבצעות על ידי מדענים אזרחיים בפרויקט איכות האוויר, ומאפיינים את המוטיבציות המניעות אותם להשתתפות. הממצאים חושפים מספר תמות המעידות על המוטיבציות וצורות המעורבות של המשתתפים; תושבים מודאגים, חינוך והסברה, פעולות סביבתיות, עניין אישי ומעורבות מזדמנת. המחקר ממחיש את יחסי הגומלין בין תחומי תקשורת המדע והמדע האזרחי וקורא לטפח מערכת יחסים זו.
    Abstract
    This paper identifies the diverse ways in which participants engage with science, through the same citizen science project. Using multiple data sources, we describe various activities conducted by citizen scientists in an air quality project, and characterize the motivations driving their engagement. Findings reveal several themes, indicative of participants motivationsshow more
  • 29 Oct 2020 Journal Article International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education

    Valued Actions and Identities of Giftedness in a Mathematical Camp

    Abstract
    This study follows a mathematical camp for high-school students identified as gifted, and examines it with a socio-cultural lens. Our goal is to examine the identities of students in the camp and the valued actions according to which these identities were authored, both by the students and by their instructors. Data was collected from three rounds of summer camp sessionsshow more
  • 22 Oct 2020 Journal Article Applied Sciences

    STEM Graduate Students’ Systems Thinking, Modeling and Scientific Understanding—The Case of Food Production

    חשיבה מערכתית - מידול והבנה מדעית בקרב סטודנטים לתארים מתקדמים בדגש על ייצור מזון וקיימות
    כישורי מידול קונספטואלי (Modeling), חשיבה מערכתית (Systems thinking) והבנה מדעית, הן מיומנויות הנחוצות לצורך הבנת תהליכים מורכבים כמו תהליכי ייצור מזון. מטרת המחקר הייתה להעריך את תרומתן של מיני-יחידות לימוד בנושאי מזון לכישורי החשיבה המערכתית, המידול וההבנה המדעית של סטודנטים לתארים מתקדמים הלומדים בפקולטה לחינוך בטכניון. 

    במחקר זה, שערכו אקירי, טל, פרץ, דורי ודורי (2020), מומחי STEM  בנו מודלים קונספטואליים המתארים את ניטור הערכים התזונתיים בדגי קוד באמצעות שימוש במתודולוגיית עצם-תהליך (OPM). בהתבסס על מודלים אלו, פותחו ארבע מיני-יחידות לימוד מקוונות העוסקות בתהליכי ייצור מזון. משתתפי המחקר, 15 סטודנטים לתואר שני במקצועות ה-STEM,  מורים או פרחי הוראה, ענו על יחידות הלימוד והכינו פרויקט סיום.
    כלי המחקר כללו: קבוצת מיקוד של מומחי STEM, שאלוני מיני-יחידות הלימוד, פרויקט סיום  ורפלקציות. כמו כן, פותחו ותוקפו מחוונים למידול קונספטואלי ולאוריינות. מצאנו הבדל מובהק בציוני החשיבה המערכתית והמידול בין משתתפים בעלי ניסיון במידול לבין משתתפים חסרי ניסיון כזה. לתפיסת המשתתפים, למידה בהקשר של ייצור מזון וקיימות תרמה לפיתוח כישורי המידול והחשיבה המערכתית שלהם. תרומת המחקר היא בשילוב בין יצור מזון ומידול קונספטואלי לצורך פיתוח כישורי חשיבה מערכתית, מידול והבנה מדעית של תהליכי מזון וקיימות בקרב מורי STEM.

    Abstract
    Modeling and systems thinking skills, as well as scientific understanding, are necessary for comprehending complex, food-related processes. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of food-related learning units on graduate students’ systems thinking and modeling skills, as well as on their understanding of science, technology, engineering, and mathematicsshow more
  • 19 Oct 2020 Journal Article Science Communication

    Public Engagement With Science Among Religious Minorities: Lessons From COVID-19

    Abstract
    While scholars have highlighted how science communication reifies forms of structural inequality, especially race and gender, we examine the challenges science communication pose for religious minorities. Drawing on the disproportionate magnitude of COVID-19-related morbidity on Israel’s Ultra-Orthodox Jews, we examined their processes of COVID-19 health decision makingshow more
  • 18 Oct 2020 Journal Article Journal of Information Technology Education : Innovations in Practice

    Students’ Awareness and Embracement of Soft Skills by Learning and Practicing Teamwork

    Noa Ragonis , Orit Hazzan , Gadi Har-Shai
    Abstract
    Aim/Purpose This paper presents a study about changes in computer science and software engineering students’ perceptions of their soft skills during their progress through the Computer Science Soft Skills course. Background Soft skills are often associated with a person’s social, emotional and cognitive capabilities. Soft skills are increasingly sought out and are wellshow more
  • 9 Oct 2020 Journal Article Robotics

    The Effect of the FIRST Robotics Program on Its Graduates

    השפעת תוכנית הרובוטיקה FIRST על בוגריה
    התוכנית For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology  (FIRST) המיועדת לתלמידים בגילאים מגוונים, משלבת למידה מבוססת פרויקטים (PBL) ורובוטיקה. הנחיית התלמידים נעשית על-ידי מנטורים, רובם מהנדסים. מטרת מחקר זה היא לאפיין ולהעריך את השפעתה של תכנית FIRST על בוגריה בנוגע למסוגלות עצמית, כישורים רכים ובחירת קריירה במדע, טכנולוגיה, הנדסה ומתמטיקה (STEM). משתתפי המחקר כללו 297 בוגרי FIRST, שהגיבו לשאלונים וראיונות עם חמישה מהם. ניתוח הנתונים הראה כי תכנית FIRST שיפרה את כישוריהם הרכים של הבוגרים כמו ניהול זמן, כישורי עבודת צוות ומסוגלות עצמית, וכן השפיעה על בחירת קריירה בתחומי ה-STEM. הגורמים העיקריים המשפיעים על בחירת הקריירה של הבוגרים היו חשיפתם לרובוטיקה ולמומחים מהתעשייה. התרומה התיאורטית היא לתיאוריה הקוגניטיבית החברתית (SCT) בהקשר לתכנית FIRST. המחקר שלנו מסביר את בחירת הקריירה של התלמידים באמצעות מתאמים בין שאיפות התלמידים לבחירת קריירה, מסוגלות העצמית, כישוריהם הרכים והבחירה בפועל. התרומה המעשית טמונה בהבנה טובה יותר של תוכניות רובוטיקה והרחבת כוח העבודה בתחומי ה-STEM.
    Abstract
    The program For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology (FIRST) for young students incorporates project-based learning (PBL) with designing and building wireless-controlled robots. The students are guided by experts, mostly engineers. The FIRST organization determines the theme of the robot annual competition. The goal of this research is to characterizeshow more
  • Oct 2020 Journal Article International Journal of Engineering Education

    Exploring Affordances of Robot Manipulators in an Introductory Engineering Course

    Abstract
    In this paper, we report on our experience to develop a way for exposing industrial engineering (IE) students, already in their first year of studies, to the challenges of industrial robot operation. We implemented a workshop in which students performed spatial manipulation tasks, using a conventional robot Scorbot-ER5 and a modern Baxter. The goal of our study was toshow more
  • Oct 2020 Journal Article Neuropsychologia

    Children with dyslexia utilize both top-down and bottom-up networks equally in contextual and isolated word reading

    Abstract
    Introduction Executive functions (EF) include cognitive processes that support learning and reading. Children with dyslexia experience challenges with both reading and reading comprehension. The neurobiological support for EF deficits during reading comprehension, however, has yet to be defined. Here we aimed to identify the neural networks related to EF during ashow more
  • 30 Sep 2020 Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Education

    Assessing Novelty and Systems Thinking in Conceptual Models of Technological Systems

    Abstract
    Contribution: The authors present a methodology for assessing both novelty and systems thinking, as expressed in the same conceptual models constructed by graduate engineering students. Background: Companies worldwide seek employees with creativity and systems thinking, since solving design problems requires both skills. Novelty and usefulness are the most commonlyshow more
  • 23 Sep 2020 Journal Article Science & Education

    Guiding Physics Teachers by Following in Galileo’s Footsteps

    Maayan Schvartzer , Michael Elazar , Shulamit Kapon
    Abstract
    Many physics learners take the specific mathematical representations they are using as part of their learning and doing physics for granted. The paper addresses this problem by highlighting two goals. The first is to show how a historical investigation from history of science can be transformed into a concrete lesson plan in physics, in a physics teacher educationshow more
  • 17 Sep 2020 Journal Article Teaching and Teacher Education

    The validity and reliability of a tool for measuring educational innovative thinking competencies

    Abstract
    The study’s purpose was to develop a valid and reliable tool for measuring innovative thinking competencies with reference to education. The tool development was guided by the cognitive, experiential, and sociocultural theories. The validity and reliability of the tool were established using quantitative methods through three main stages: Content validity by inter-ratershow more
  • 14 Sep 2020 Journal Article Communicating Science: A Global Perspective

    Israel: Developed Science, developing Science Communication

    ישראל: מדע מפותח, תקשורת מדע מתפתחת
    פרק זה הינו חלק מהספר "מתקשרים מדע - זוית גלובלית" אשר מציג את ההסטוריה של תקשורת המדע ב-38 מדינות ברחבי העולם. הפרק סוקר את תחום תקשורת המדע בישראל מראשיתה ועד היום ומציג נקודות ציון חשובות בהסטוריה של התחום. הסקירה כוללת פירוט של מאמצים להפצת ידע מדעי באמצאות כלי התקשורת ורשתות חברתיות, פעילויות למעורבות הציבור במדע ויוזמות להשתתפות הציבור במדע. כמו כן, הפרק כולל סקירה של המחקר וההוראה של תחום תקשורת המדע בישראל.
    Abstract
    Israel is a relatively young, small country, with highly developed innovative science and high-tech sectors (Getz, Buchnik and Zatcovetsky, 2020). The Israeli public takes great pride in Israeli science, technology and innovation and is convinced of their importance for national security, prosperity and quality of life (Yaar and Alkalai, 2010). In contrast to the publicshow more
  • 14 Sep 2020 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    Book Review: John L Rudolph, How We Teach Science: What’s Changed, and Why It Matters

    Abstract
    ‘Public perceptions of the intricacies of scientific process are central to determining where the legitimate exercise of expert judgment leaves off and the rightful expression of public preferences regarding science research policy begins’ (p. 7–8), writes John Rudolph in this important work. He tackles why scientists are so invested in the school teaching of scienceshow more
  • 4 Sep 2020 Journal Article Child Psychiatry & Human Development

    Longer Screen Vs. Reading Time is Related to Greater Functional Connections Between the Salience Network and Executive Functions Regions in Children with Reading Difficulties Vs. Typical Readers

    Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus , DiFrancesco Mark , Paige Greenwood , Elisha Scott , Jennifer Vannest , John S Hutton , Jon Dudley , Mekibib Altaye , Rola Farah
    Abstract
    An adverse relationship between screen exposure time and brain functional/structural connectivity was reported in typically developing children, specifically related to neurobiological correlates of reading ability. As children with reading difficulties (RD) suffer from impairments in reading and executive functions (EF), we sought to determine the association betweenshow more
  • 2 Sep 2020 Journal Article Eurasia Journal of mathematics, Science and Technology Education

    Transition into Teaching: Second Career Teachers' Professional Identity

    Abstract
    Using the identity lens as a theoretical framework, we studied 42 novice second career chemistry teachers, who had previously worked as chemists and participated in an alternative certification program (ACP) at a science and engineering research university. Our goal was to understand the transition process of these teachers into the teaching profession as they shapeshow more
  • 2 Sep 2020 Journal Article The Physics Teacher

    Physics in Chavruta - A Model for Supporting Early Career Teachers

    Abstract
    We present a model of an induction program that supports early career physics teachers as well as experienced teachers who face new challenges in their teaching of physics. The model involves personal mentorship embedded in a teachers’ professional community of practice led by senior physics teachers and supported by a physics education research group. The program isshow more
  • 1 Sep 2020 Journal Article Green Schools Globally

    Green schools in Israel: Multiple rationales and multiple action plans

    Abstract
    Green schools in Israel are recognized as such by the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) according to a list of criteria related to the management of the school – e.g., reducing material consumption, recycling, energy efficiency, and to its environmental education (EE) curriculum. However, these requirements do not necessarily mean that a school will be viewedshow more
  • 25 Aug 2020 Book Chapter Nature of Science in Science Instruction

    Learning Aspects of Nature of Science Through Authentic Research Experiences

    Elizabeth Edmondson , Stephen R Burgin , Dina Tsybulsky , Jennifer L Maeng
    Abstract
    Authentic opportunities have the potential to support development of learners’ understanding of how scientists do their work. This chapter examines authentic classroom investigations, the use of modified primary literature, visits to authentic research labs, and research apprenticeships as models for this development. Strategies to help teachers at all levels implementshow more
  • 20 Aug 2020 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    Jargon use in Public Understanding of Science papers over three decades

    שימוש בז'רגון בעיתון “Public Unserstanding of Science” על פני שלושה עשורים
    “Public Unserstanding of Science” (בתרגום לעברית: "הבנת הציבור את המדע") הוא עיתון מדעי בין-תחומי המשרת את קהילת תקשורת המדע – הן את החוקרים והן את העוסקים בתחום. 
    מאמר זה סוקר ניתוח של קריאות (readability) וז'רגון של מאמרים שפורסמו בעיתון זה, במשך שלושת עשורי קיומו. מטרתנו לבדוק מגמות ושינויים בנגישות המאמרים לקהלים מגוונים. בדקנו את הנגישות של מאמרים שפורסמו ב- “Public Unserstanding of Science” בשנים 1999/2000 (סה"כ 47 מאמרים), 2009 (49 מאמרים) ו-2019 (65 מאמרים). הנגישות נבדקה על ידי מדדי קריאות (readability) ושימוש בז'רגון. הקריאות ירדה והשימוש בז'רגון עלה בהשוואה בין השנים 1999/2000 ובין שני העשורים הבאים. תוצאות אלו נצפו במאמרים ניסויים כמו גם לא ניסויים, ובכל חלקי המאמר כולל התקצירים. ניתוח מילים נדירות הראה ממצא נוסף. רוב המילים הנדירות שהופיעו במאמרים אינן חלק ממאגר מילים אקדמי כללי, וגם לא מז'רגון אופייני לתחום. נמצא כי רוב המילים הנדירות, הופיעו במאמר אחד בלבד. 
    השפה של “Public Unserstanding of Science”  הפכה להיות פחות יומיומית. הדבר לא אומר שהשפה אינה מובנת לקהילת החוקרים הקוראים אותו, אולם יתכן שההשלכות משמעותיות יותר עבור קהלים כגון מתקשרי מדע בתחילת דרכם.
    Abstract
    Public Understanding of Science is an interdisciplinary journal serving the scholarly community and practitioners. This article reports an analysis of the readability and jargon in articles published in Public Understanding of Science throughout its almost three decades of existence to examine trends in accessibility to diverse audiences. The accessibility of Publicshow more
  • 16 Aug 2020 Journal Article Journal of Research in Science Teaching

    Forms of participation in an engineering maker-based inquiry in physics

    Abstract
    This article discusses a case study of a pair of students mentored by a physics teacher as they engaged in a long‐term (15 months) engineering maker‐based inquiry (EMBI), a mandatory part of these students' formal learning of physics at the advanced high school level. We conceptualize the students' engagement as participating in a particular figured world, which isshow more
  • 12 Aug 2020 Conference Paper Proceedings of the Seventh ACM Conference on Learning@ Scale

    Artificial Intelligence for Video-based Learning at Scale

    Kyoungwon Seo , Sidney Fels , Dongwook Yoon , Ido Roll , Samuel Dodson , Matthew Fong
    Abstract
    Video-based learning (VBL) is widespread; however, there are numerous challenges when teaching and learning with video. For instructors, creating effective instructional videos takes considerable time and effort. For students, watching videos can be a passive learning activity. Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to improve the VBL experience for studentsshow more
  • 11 Aug 2020 Book Chapter Chemistry Education for a Sustainable Society Volume 1: High School, Outreach, & Global Perspectives

    A Holistic Approach to Incorporating Sustainability into Chemistry Education in Israel

    Yael Shwartz , Emil Eidin , Debora Marchak , Miri Kesner , Neta Avraham Green , Eldad Marom , David Cahen , Avi Hofstein , Yehudit Judy Dori
    Abstract
    Incorporating sustainability into chemistry education in Israel has been an ongoing endeavor for the last 25 years. In this chapter we introduce development, implementation, and research of six different educational initiatives: (1) Incorporating Industrial Chemistry into the teaching and learning of high school chemistry curriculum; (2) National Projects competition:show more
  • 6 Aug 2020 Book

    Guide to teaching computer science - An Activity-Based Approach

    Abstract
    This concise yet thorough textbook presents an active-learning model for the teaching of computer science. Offering both a conceptual framework and detailed implementation guidelines, the work is designed to support a Methods of Teaching Computer Science (MTCS) course, but may be applied to the teaching of any area of computer science at any level, from elementary schoolshow more
  • 6 Aug 2020 Book Chapter Guide to Teaching Computer Science

    Computational Thinking

    Abstract
    This chapter focuses on computational thinking, recognized as one of the central twenty-first century skills. Computer science teachers should be familiar with computational thinking to build their own conception of its essence and central ideas for two main reasons: First, computational thinking is connected to computerized processes (but not only); second, computershow more
  • Aug 2020 Report The University of British Columbia

    The SoTL Seed Program (2014-2020)

    Adriana Briseno , Trish Varao-Sousa , Bruce Moghtader , Paulina Semenec , Ido Roll
    Abstract
    The Institute for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (ISoTL) and the Centre for Teaching, Learning and Technology (CTLT) are home to the SoTL Seed program. In this report, we describe the program goals and strategies, provide an overview of its evolution since its inception in 2014, and offer an overview of its internal operations. In 2019, a formal programshow more
  • 10 Jul 2020 Journal Article Frontiers in Education

    Self-Reported Reasons for Participating in Pro-environmental Citizen Science Activities: A Case Study of Butterfly Monitoring in Israel

    הסיבות להשתתפות בפעילות פרו-סביבתית בהקשר של מדע אזרחי: חקר מקרה של ניטור פרפרים בישראל
    המחקר הנוכחי בוחן את המאפיינים של מתנדבים שמשתתפים במדע האזרחי ואת הסיבות המובילות אותם להשתתף בפעילויות הקשורות לשימור טבע, ובפרט בניטור פרפרים. המחקר נערך בגישה של חקר מקרה וכלל שיטות איכותניות וכמותיות לאיסוף וניתוח הנתונים.  ממצאי המחקר מצביעים על מערכת מורכבת של הסיבות, לרוב פנימיות, המשקפות את רצונם של המשתתפים לתרום לחברה, להיפגש עם אנשים אחרים ולהגדיל את טווח הידע שלהם בנושא. יתרה מזאת, הממצאים מראים כי שישנם מאפיינים משותפים של מתנדבי במדעי אזרחי, שכללו התבגרות בסביבה כפרית ומפגש עם דמויות ו/או אירועים משמעותיים שהובילו לאהבתם לטבע, לתחושת המחויבות החזקה שלהם למען הטבע, ורצונם לנקוט בצעדים פעילים לשימורו. אחת ההשלכות המרכזיות של המחקר הזה הינו החשיבות של שילוב של פעילויות פרו-סביבתיות במערכת החינוך.
    Abstract
    The current study examines the common characteristics of citizen science volunteers and the factors that lead them to participate in pro-environmental conservation-related activities, specifically in monitoring butterflies. The research was conducted as a case study and involved the use of qualitative and quantitative methods for gathering and analyzing the data. Findingsshow more
  • 6 Jul 2020 Conference Paper The 12th Annual International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (EDULEARN20)

    Situated Escape Games: Facilitating Knowledge and awareness about Healthy Nutrition

    Abstract
    Escape games are a new trend in game-based learning, which provides people with the opportunity to learn about science in an informal environment. Escape games are situated in settings that instigate interactions between the players and between them and the learning environment, and therefore correspond with the situated learning paradigm. As escape games are a relativelyshow more
  • 1 Jul 2020 Journal Article Educational Studies in Mathematics

    Adapting a professional development program for cognitively demanding instruction across shifting contexts

    Abstract
    This study explored what was entailed in implementing a professional development (PD) designed in the United States (US) to a different, Israeli, context. To achieve this goal, the first step was empirically examining the effectiveness of such a PD using quantitative methods. We then examined which adaptations were made in the imported PD and at what level. Our studyshow more
  • 25 Jun 2020 Conference Paper 2020 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON)

    Interdisciplinary Education - The Case of Biomedical Signal Processing

    Abstract
    Interdisciplinary perspective on real-life problems is an important skill for 21st century engineers and should be a part of their education. Project-based learning (PBL) is a well-known pedagogical tool for interdisciplinary education. In order to successfully accomplish interdisciplinary learning, students must have sufficient knowledge in each of the separateshow more
  • 25 Jun 2020 Conference Paper 2020 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON)

    Fostering students’ analytical thinking and applied mathematical skills through 3D design and printing

    Abstract
    The new standards for school mathematics and science education refer to analytical thinking (AT) as the target skill necessary to logically and systematically solve complex problems by their decomposition. The standards also point to the applied mathematical skills (AMS) needed to understand ill-defined problems, collect and quantify relevant data, and construct andshow more
  • 22 Jun 2020 Journal Article Journal of Research on Technology in Education

    Digital curation for promoting personalized learning: A study of secondary-school science students’ learning experiences

    אוצרות דיגיטלית כמקדמת למידה מותאמת אישית
    אוֹצְרוּת דיגיטלית היא תהליך יצירה, ניהול ושימוש של חומרים דיגיטליים. פריטי תוכן דיגיטליים בתחום מסויים נאספים לכדי אוסף דיגיטלי.  האוצרות הדיגיטלית כפעולה לימודית מתייחסת ליצירת אוספים דיגיטליים שמשמשים לצרכי הוראה, למידה ופיתוח סביבות למידה. המאמר מציג מחקר שבדק את הדרכים בהם אוֹצְרוּת דיגיטלית כפעולה לימודית מקדמת את למידה מותאמת אישית, ואת חוויות הלמידה של התלמידים בתהליך זה. המחקר נערך במסגרת חינוך מדעי על-יסודי. התלמידים השתתפו במשך שלושה חודשים בפרויקט שכלל תהליך אוצרות של אוסף דיגיטלי אישי בנושא מדעי. איסוף וניתוח הנתונים נעשה באמצעות גישה איכותנית-פנומנולוגית. הממצאים הראו שתהליך האוצרות הדיגיטלית כפעולה לימודית תומכת בלמידה מותאמת אישית של לומדים: בחירת נושא  האוסף על פי עניין אישי ו/או רלוונטיות, בחירת מקורות המידע וסוג הפריטים שיתווספו לאוסף על פי רמת הידע האישית, דרכי הלמידה וצרכיו של הלומד ועוד. בנוסף, נמצא כי אוצרות דיגיטלית מספקת חוויות למידה אישיות, רגשיות וקוגניטיביות, המאפשרות ללומד להבנות אונטולוגית תוכן אישית.
    Abstract
    The article presents a research study that examined the ways in which digital curation promotes personalized learning, as well as the students’ experiences of this learning process. The study was conducted in the context of K-12 education. Participants spent three months on a project that included curating a personalized digital collection. The study was conducted usingshow more
  • 16 Jun 2020 Journal Article Brain and Cognition

    Parent–child joint reading is related to an increased fixation time on print during storytelling among preschool children

    Abstract
    Print exposure in early childhood is related to linguistic skills such as oral language, reading comprehension and spelling during school years. A common way of exposing preschool children to print is during joint storytelling. Research has shown that total fixation time on print during storytelling is between 2% and 6% of the total fixation time on the book and is ashow more
  • 11 Jun 2020 Journal Article International Journal of Educational Management

    Teacher's withdrawal behavior: examining the impact of principals' innovative behavior and climate of organizational learning

    Rima'a Da'as , Abeer Watted , Miri Barak
    Abstract
    The study aims to test an innovative model that explores the direct and indirect relationships between principals' innovative behavior, climate of organizational learning and a teacher's intent to leave his or her school and take a voluntary absence.,Data were collected from a survey of 1,529 teachers from 107 Arab elementary schools randomly selected from the databaseshow more
  • 8 Jun 2020 Blog Post

    Teaching CS undergrads online to work with others effectively

    Abstract
    The Spring semester of 2020 will be re membered as the Corona semester. After a decade of teaching a classroom course on soft skills at the Technion(described in Hazzan and Har-Shai 1,2), I faced the challenge of teaching it online during the Corona semester (while on sabbatical at the Hebrew University ofJerusalem). At first, I wondered whether teaching soft skillsshow more
  • 1 Jun 2020 Journal Article Science and Engineering Ethics

    Novice Researchers' Views About Online Ethics Education and the Instructional Design Components that May Foster Ethical Practice

    Abstract
    The goal of the current study was to examine novice researchers’ views about online ethics education and to identify the instructional design components that may foster ethical practice. Applying the mixed methods approach, data were collected via a survey and semi-structured interviews among M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in science and engineering. The findings point toshow more
  • Jun 2020 Book Chapter Teaching, Technology, and Teacher Education during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Stories from the Field

    Teaching Online Teaching: Using the Task-Centered Instructional Design Strategy for Online Computer Science Teachers’ Preparation

    Abstract
    Due to its rapid changing nature, the field of Computer Science requires learners to develop self-directed online learning skills, and teachers to develop online teaching skills. In this paper, we describe the instructional approach we used in the Methods of Teaching Computer Science (MTCS) course, in which we utilized t he task-centered instructional strategy withinshow more
  • 30 May 2020 Journal Article International Journal of Environmental and Science Education

    Science literacy in action: understanding scientific data presented in a citizen science platform by non-expert adults

    אורינות מדעית בפעולה: הבנת נתונים מדעיים המוצגים בפלטפורמת מדע אזרחי על ידי מבוגרים שאינם מומחים
    מדע אזרחי משנה את האופן בו נוצר ידע מדעי, ובו אזרחים משתתפים במחקר מדעי פעיל ומאגרי נתונים מדעיים נפתחים לגישה ציבורית. עם זאת, זמינות הנתונים אינה מבטיחה שימוש ציבורי או את הרלוונטיות של משאבים אלה. מאמר זה עוסק בדרכים בהן מבוגרים שאינם מומחים המעורבים ביוזמת מדע אזרחי, תופסים, מבינים ומשתמשים במידע מדעי. המשתתפים השיבו לשאלון מקוון המציג נתוני איכות אוויר מפלטפורמת המדע האזרחי "חשים את האוויר" ולאחריה סדרה של שאלות פרשנות. התוצאות מדגימות כי 70% מהמשתתפים הצליחו לפרש את הנתונים השונים. לא נמצאו הבדלים בין מין, גיל או רמת השכלה. עם זאת, משיבים עם השכלה מדעית גבוהה השיגו ציונים גבוהים יותר בממוצע. בקרב המשתמשים שהתנסו בעבר בפרויקט, הציונים הכלליים היו גבוהים יותר, וההבדלים על סמך ההשכלה המדעית של המשיבים היו פחותים. ממצאים אלו עשויים להצביע שעל אף החשיבות של חינוך מדעי בהבניית מיומנויות של פרשנות נתונים, זו אינה הדרך היחידה לרכוש מיומנויות אלה. מחקר זה מדגיש את יכולתם של אנשים שאינם מומחים להבין וליישם נתונים מדעיים במצבי יומיומיים ואת הפוטנציאל של מדע אזרחי לפתח כישורים מדעיים, מיומנויות והבנה מדעית - לקידום הדדי של שני התחומים.
    Abstract
    Citizen science is transforming the ways scientific knowledge is created, in that citizens participate in active scientific research, and large scientific databases can be accessed online. However, data availability does not guarantee public use or the relevance of these resources. This paper addresses the ways in which non-expert adults involved in a citizen scienceshow more
  • 25 May 2020 Journal Article International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education

    Integration of Arab Female Students at a Technological University—Narratives of Identity in Figured Worlds

    Abstract
    This study deals with the academic identities of 13 female Arab students upon their entrance to STEM studies in a university in Israel. Female Arab students in a predominantly Jewish Israeli engineering institution face conflicting narratives regarding their ethnicity, gender, and its relation to possible success in university-level studies in general and mathematicalshow more
  • 22 May 2020 Journal Article Science Education

    Can Science Literacy Help Individuals Identify Misinformation in Everyday Life

    Abstract
    childhood vaccinations and anthropogenic climate change. Many people are misinformed about the scientific facts underlying these issues. In response, science educators have called for improvements in the public's science literacy, but it is not clear which components of science literacy would help individuals identify misinformation. In this position paper, we examineshow more
  • 11 May 2020 Journal Article Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

    Relationship Between Eye-Movement Patterns, Cognitive Load, and Reading Ability in Children with Reading Difficulties

    Aya Ozeri-Rotstain , Ifaat Shachaf , Rola Farah , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    Children with reading difficulties (RD) share challenges in executive functions (EF). Neurobiological correlates provide evidence for EF challenges during reading among these readers, but an online cognitive load detection mechanism has yet to be developed. Nevertheless, eye-movement tracking can provide online data of reading patterns (pupil dilation, fixations) andshow more
  • 11 May 2020 Journal Article JAMA Pediatrics

    Science Has Not Proven That Screen Use Impacts Children's Brain Development - Reply

    John S Hutton , Jonathan Dudley , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    In a response to our article, “Associations Between Screen-Based Media Use and Brain White Matter Integrity in Preschool-Aged Children,” Pall claims that findings of lower microstructural integrity and language and literacy skills correlated with higher screen use may be attributable to electromagnetic field (EMF) exposures. As mobile digital devices linked via wirelessshow more
  • 4 May 2020 Journal Article Environmental Education Research

    The identity work of environmental education teachers in Israel

    Noam Zaradez , Rakefet Sela-Sheffy , Tali Tal
    Abstract
    Despite growing interest in promoting environmental education (EE), as in other countries, its status within the formal education system in Israel is still ambiguous and its effectiveness questionable. Proceeding from the view of structure-agent interdependency, the present study focuses on teachers’ identity as key to understanding the situation in their professionalshow more
  • 28 Apr 2020 Journal Article Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

    Decreased Functional Connectivity Between the Left Amygdala and Frontal Regions Interferes With Reading, Emotional, and Executive Functions in Children With Reading Difficulties

    Abstract
    Introduction: Dyslexia is a reading disorder characterized by significant difficulty in reading, as well as reports of altered executive functions (EF). Children with reading difficulties (RD) experience a broad range of social and emotional problems. Recently it was suggested that children with RD have altered functional connections within the amygdala, which is relatedshow more
  • 27 Apr 2020 Journal Article Behavioral and Brain Functions

    Maternal depression is associated with altered functional connectivity between neural circuits related to visual, auditory, and cognitive processing during stories listening in preschoolers

    Rola Farah , Paige Greenwood , Johnathan Dudley , John S Hutton , Robert T Ammerman , Kieran J Phelan , Scott K Holland , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    Background Maternal depression can influence the early activity of a mother reading stories to a young child, as depressed mothers are less likely to read to their children. Here, maternal depression association to neurobiological circuitry of narrative comprehension, visualization, and executive functions during stories listening was examined in 21 4-year-old girlsshow more
  • 15 Apr 2020 Journal Article Police Practice and Research

    Discovering an organisational paradox: the reduction–expansion perceptions in a police training organisation

    Sigalit Shahar , Orit Hazzan
    Abstract
    In a dynamic and competitive environment, how do complex organisations maintain continuity and function without falling apart? This question will be examined in the context of the Israeli Police training organisation, which consists of several sub-organisations. Although they share similar goals, each has different objectives, trains police of different duties, andshow more
  • 8 Apr 2020 Journal Article Brain Structure & Function

    Association between diffusivity measures and language and cognitive-control abilities from early toddler's age to childhood

    Rola Farah , Hagai Tzafrir , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    Extensive improvements in executive functions and language abilities are accompanied by changes in functional connections within the brain and in gray and white matter during the first few years of life. Diffusion tensor imaging provides a unique look into pediatric brain anatomy and critical information regarding white-matter development. The aims of the current studyshow more
  • 1 Apr 2020 Journal Article Chemistry Education Research and Practice

    Trends and Perceptions of Choosing Chemistry as a Major and a Career

    Abstract
    In many countries, the choice of a STEM career, especially in chemistry, is decreasing. A shortage of appropriately skilled workers can become a threat to any country's future achievements. Our research strives to understand behavioral trends and career choice factors related to personal and environmental themes. Building on the foundations of the Social Cognitive Careershow more
  • Apr 2020 Journal Article Assistive Technology Outcomes & Benefits

    Text-to-Speech Technology: Enhancing Reading Comprehension for Students with Reading Difficulty

    Jennifer L Keelor , Nancy A Creaghead , Noah H Silbert , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of text-to-speech (TTS) without highlighting, with highlighting, and with increased highlighting rate, on the reading comprehension of children with reading difficulties. Participants read six expository passages under the following conditions:(a) Silent Reading,(b) Reading Aloud,(c) Listening Only,(d) reading withshow more
  • Apr 2020 Journal Article Global Journal of Engineering Education

    Importance of technical and soft skills: electronics students' and teachers' perspectives

    Abstract
    In light of the gap between the qualifications of engineering and technology programme graduates and those required in the industry, the importance assigned by students and teachers to the technical and soft skills required of two-year electronics programme graduates is examined. Forty-four electronics students and 13 electronics teachers from a two-year college inshow more
  • 2 Mar 2020 Journal Article Science & Education

    Conceptual Trends and Issues in Biology Didactics

    Abstract
    We live in an era when the world is changing rapidly. However, recent changes are usually associated in people’s minds with unprecedented advances in digital technologies. In the face of these truly remarkable successes, which are widely advertised by the mass media, the scientific advances seem to be relatively minor. But this impression is inaccurate. The success ofshow more
  • 25 Feb 2020 Journal Article Journal of Environmental Radioactivity

    Involving schoolchildren in radon surveys by means of the "Radon Test" online system

    שילוב תלמידים בסקר הראדון באמצעות המערכת המקוונת "בחינת ראדון"
    מאמר זה סוקר את הפיתוח, יישום ושימוש של המערכת המקוונת "בחינת ראדון" לניטור ריכוזי גז ראדון מקומיים באמצעות מדע אזרחי בבית ספר. מדידת הראדון נעשית על ידי תלמידים בבתיהם ללא צורך במומחה ותוך שימוש באמצעי זול ומהלך פשוט של חשיפת בקבוקון פחם פעיל למשך 4-5 ימים בחדר הנבדק. המערכת המקוונת מאפשרת לתלמידים לשמור את נתוני הבדיקה ומיישמת עיקרון חלופי של בניית מפת נתוני ראדון, המציגה את הממצאים בצורה ברורה, תוך הקפדה על סודיות המשתתפים. תוצאות בדיקות הראדון הראשונות נידונות במאמר לצד הצגת דוגמאות למפות הראדון. לבסוף, מוצעת גישה לזיהוי יעיל של מבנים בעלי ריכוזי ראדון גבוהים, המבוססת על עקרון ויסות הראדון.
    Abstract
    A 'citizen science' approach was evaluated as an approach to organize an extensive radon survey to be representative of the population of either single regions or a whole country. The "RadonTest" online system allowed schoolchildren to undertake and record short-term radon tests in their homes. Measurements were carried out in Israel using charcoal in miniature flaconsshow more
  • 24 Feb 2020 Journal Article Active Learning in College Science

    Innovation in a MOOC: Project-Based Learning in the International Context

    Abstract
    A current trend in STEM education is to harness the power and reach of massive open online courses (MOOCs) to impart to students the skill of innovation. Innovation is a major driver of economic growth and development and a required skill for engineering students. The literature advocates the use of project-based learning (PBL) for promoting innovation; yet, we lackshow more
  • 24 Feb 2020 Journal Article Active Learning in College Science

    Engineering Teachers’ Assessment Knowledge in Active and Project-Based Learning

    Abstract
    An instructional framework that can help students succeed in the current labor force is project-based learning (PBL), which entails students researching and creating projects that reflect their knowledge. PBL implementation has been recently mandated in the Israeli high school science and engineering curriculum, but its effective implementation is impeded by challengesshow more
  • 21 Feb 2020 Journal Article STEM Teachers and Teaching in the Digital Era

    Emergent STEM Teaching Possibilities in an Era of Educational Technologies

    Abstract
    This essay discusses three chapters in this volume: Milner-Bolotin, Deliberate pedagogical thinking with technology in STEM teacher education; Tabach & Trgalová, Teaching mathematics in the digital era: Standards and beyond; Zazkis, Technology in mathematics teacher education: On trust and pitfalls. Informed by theoretical constructs and frameworks such as of distributedshow more
  • 17 Feb 2020 Journal Article Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education

    Establishing the validity and reliability of a modified tool for assessing innovative thinking of engineering students

    Abstract
    The goal of this study was to establish the validity and reliability of a self-report tool for assessing individual differences in innovative thinking, based on a modification of the ‘innovative behavior scale’. A five-stage study was conducted among engineering students worldwide, who enrolled in a massive open online course in Nanotechnology and Nanosensors. Contentshow more
  • 12 Feb 2020 Journal Article Vaccine

    Vaccine information seeking on social Q&A services

    חיפוש מידע בנושא חיסונים בפלטפורמות של "שאלות ותשובות" ברשתות החברתיות
    מומחים מביעים דאגה מהתפשטותו של מידע שגוי על חיסונים, מעמידותו ומתרומתו להססנות כלפי חיסונים. למרות זאת, רק תשומת לב מועטה הוקדשה להבנת האופן שבו הציבור מחפש מידע על חיסונים באינטרנט ולהבנת האופן שבו הוא מעריך את אמינותו. שיערנו שהורים הססנים מעדיפים מקורות אמינים שנתפסים כבעלי ידע רלוונטי, יושרה ותום לב. חקרנו סוגיה זו בעזרת 4,910 שאלות ו-2,583 תשובות שאוחזרו מתוך שתי פלטפורמות מקוונות לשו"ת: הפלטפורמה "Yahoo! Answers" וקבוצת הפייסבוק "מדברים על חיסונים". נבדקו  נושאי השאלות, המידה שבה השאלות כוונו באופן מפורש למומחים או לעמיתים, והערכת הגולשים לתשובות שניתנו בפלטפורמה "Yahoo! Answers", באמצעות ניתוח תוכן וניסוי מקוון. הממצאים מצביעים על כך שהתפלגות נושאי השאלות משתנה בין פלטפורמות שונות, אך בשתי הפלטפורמות, רוב השאלות לא כוונו באופן מפורש למומחים או לניסיון של עמיתים, מה שעשוי להיות מוסבר כניסיון מצד השואלים להשיג תשובה מהירה ובלתי פורמלית, או כניסיון להשיג מידע נוסף או מידע חלופי לידע המקובל. גם תשובות התומכות בהתחסנות וגם תשובות המתנגדות לה נמצאו בקרב ה"תשובות הטובות ביותר" לשאלות על חיסונים, וזאת ביחס פרופורציונלי לשכיחותן מתוך כלל התשובות, מה שמעיד על כך שגם מידע שגוי זוכה לעתים קרובות להערכה גבוהה בסביבות מקוונות. עם זאת, ברגרסיה לוגיסטית נמצא כי לתשובה שנכתבה על ידי איש מקצוע מתחום הבריאות היה סיכוי גדול מפי שניים להיבחר כ"תשובה הטובה ביותר" מתשובות אחרות, מה שמרמז על הערכה כלפי מומחיות בסביבות אלו. עם זאת, בניסוי שנערך עם משתתפים חיצוניים לפלטפורמה, נמצא כי המשתתפים דירגו את האמינות של התשובות בעיקר בהתבסס על היחס שלהן לחיסונים, כאשר תשובות שתמכו בהתחסנות זכו לדירוג גבוה יותר, וזאת במתאם חיובי עם עמדות המשתתפים כלפי חיסונים. מנגד, למומחיות המשיב הייתה אמנם השפעה פחותה על דירוגי האמינות, אך זו עדיין הייתה מובהקת. הממצאים מחזקים את ההשערה שמענה של מומחים לשאלות בסביבות מקוונות עשוי לסייע בהתמודדות עם תופעת ההססנות כלפי חיסונים.
    Abstract
    Experts are concerned about the spread and recalcitrance of vaccine misinformation and its contribution to vaccine hesitancy. Despite this risk, little research attention has been paid to understanding how individuals seek vaccine information online and evaluate its trustworthiness. Here, we hypothesized that when vaccine-hesitant parents seek information about vaccinesshow more
  • 10 Feb 2020 Journal Article Brain Imaging and Behavior

    The neural basis of executive functioning deficits in adolescents with epilepsy: a resting-state fMRI connectivity study of working memory

    Ana M Gutierrez-Colina , Jennifer Vannest , Thomas Maloney , Shari L Wade , Angela Combs , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus , Avani C Modi
    Abstract
    Working memory deficits are common in youth with epilepsy and consistently associated with long-term negative outcomes. Existing research on the neural basis of working memory disruptions in pediatric epilepsy is limited. The question of whether differences in the functional connectivity of neural networks underlie working memory disruptions in pediatric patients withshow more
  • 3 Feb 2020 Conference Paper ICMI STUDY 25 Conference Proceedings

    The Realization Tree Assessment (RTA) Tool as a Representation of Explorative Teaching

    Abstract
    We offer a new representation of mathematics teaching–the Realization Tree Assessment (RTA) tool–and exemplify how it may be productive for teachers' collaborative discussions on explorative teaching. The RTA assists in explicating the mathematical object that is at the core of a task together with its different realizations. It was originally used for assessment ofshow more
  • 3 Feb 2020 Conference Paper ICMI STUDY 25 Conference Proceedings

    Metacognitive Processes in Online Collaborative Problem Solving Forums: Mathematics Teachers’ Dual Roles

    Abstract
    Collaborative mathematical problem solving, such as in Problem Solving Forums (PSF), was found to contribute to solvers' ability to handle challemging mathematical problems. Due to the important role of metacognition in directing learning processes, the current study goal is to examine the metacognitive process among teachers who collaboratively solve challenging problemsshow more
  • Feb 2020 Journal Article IEEE Transactions on Education

    Model-Based Systems Thinking: Assessing Engineering Student Teams

    Abstract
    Contribution: A rubric for assessing the systems thinking expressed in conceptual models of technological systems has been constructed and assessed using a formal methodology. The rubric, a synthesis of prior findings in science and engineering education, forms a framework for improving communication between science and engineering educators. Background: Systemsshow more
  • 30 Jan 2020 Journal Article Brain and Cognition

    Maternal reading and fluency abilities are associated with diffusion properties of ventral and dorsal white matter tracts in their preschool-age children

    Rola Farah , Jon Dudley , John S Hutton , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    Early language exposure and shared parent–child reading, as assessed by maternal reading ability and fluency, affect the child’s future language and cognitive abilities. The aim of the current study was to explore the association between maternal reading ability and fluency and diffusion properties of language- and cognition-related white matter tracts in their pre-schoolshow more
  • 30 Jan 2020 Journal Article Acta Paediatrica

    Reading in children with drug‐resistant epilepsy was related to functional connectivity in cognitive control regions

    Dror Kraus , Jennifer Vannest , Ravindra Arya , John S Hutton , James L Leach , Francesco T Mangano , Jeffrey R Tenney , Anna W Byars , Thomas G Dewitt , Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
    Abstract
    AIM This study aimed to define whether individuals with drug-resistant focal epilepsy also used regions related to cognitive control to facilitate reading. METHODS We focused on patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy in 2011-2014, who were aged 8-20 years and were being treated at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital, USA. They performed a verb generation functionalshow more
  • 23 Jan 2020 Journal Article Public Understanding of Science

    The experts' perspective of "ask-an-expert": An interview-based study of online nutrition and vaccination outreach

    הפרספקטיבה של המומחה ב-"שאל את המומחה": מחקר מבוסס ראיונות בנושאי הנגשת נושאי החיסונים והתזונה ברשת
    הרשתות החברתיות מאפשרות למומחים ליצור קהילות ולקיים דו-שיח ישיר עם הציבור, מה שעשוי לקדם הבנה הדדית ביניהם. עם זאת, רק מעט יודע על השתתפותם של מומחים בקהילות מקוונות, או על דרכים אפקטיביות להכשרת מומחים לתקשורת המדע בסביבות אלה. חקרנו סוגיה זו תוך התמקדות במומחים שמשתתפים בהתנדבות בפלטפורמות מקוונות ובשיקולים שמנחים אותם בהשתתפות זו. לצורך כך, ערכנו עשרים ראיונות מאזכרים עם מומחים המשתתפים בקבוצות פייסבוק לשאלות ותשובות בענייני מדע ובריאות: "מדברים על חיסונים" ו"תשאלו דיאטנית". הממצאים מלמדים שהמומחים פועלים לפי מערך שיקולים מגוון, שנועד, בין היתר, לבסס אמינות אפיסטמית בעיני השואלים ומתבוננים מן הצד. שיקולים אלה משתייכים לשלוש מטרות ולשני אילוצים: הפרכת מידע שגוי, ביסוס תום לב וביסוס יכולות מקצועיות תוך שמירה על יושרה ועל בהירות. מהממצאים עולה שכשל אמפתי ושחיקה משבשים את היכולת לבסס תום לב. אנו דנים בהשלכות של ממצאים אלו להמשגת "אוריינות מדעית ברמת הקהילה" ובנוסף לכך, אנו טוענים שעל סמך ממצאים אלו ניתן לזהות ידע ומיומנויות שרצוי ללמד במסגרות להכשרת מומחים לתקשורת המדע.
    Abstract
    Social media allow experts to form communities and engage in direct dialogue with publics, which can promote mutual understanding between sciences and publics. However, little is known about experts' participation in online communities, or effective ways to prepare them for public engagement. Here, we explored these issues with experts who voluntarily engage with publicsshow more
  • 16 Jan 2020 Journal Article Chemistry Education Research and Practice

    How to promote chemical literacy? On-line question posing and communicating with scientists

    Abstract
    Facilitating students' chemical literacy is a focal point of current science education. This study examines views of chemists and chemistry teachers on chemical literacy and, more broadly, on scientific literacy of four kinds of stakeholders: scientists, teachers, STEM students, and the educated public. We explored the views of 347 participants, representing the fourshow more
  • 13 Jan 2020 Conference Paper 2019 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings

    Supporting productive exploration in invention activities: are simulations too challenging?

    Jonathan Massey-Allard , Ido Roll , Joss Ives
    Abstract
    Studies show that invention activities, where students invent a general rule from provided resources before receiving direct instruction on the target topic, are particularly beneficial for learning outcomes. For most common implementations of invention activities, students are provided with instructor-designed contrasting cases with which to invent their rule. Alternativelyshow more
  • 10 Jan 2020 Journal Article Frontiers in Robotics and AI

    Robot-Supported Collaborative Learning (RSCL): Social Robots as Teaching Assistants for Higher Education Small Group Facilitation

    Rinat B Rosenberg-Kima , Yaacov Koren , Goren Gordon
    Abstract
    Acknowledging the benefits of active learning and the importance of collaboration skills, the higher education system has started to transform toward utilization of group activities into lecture hall culture. In this study, a novel interaction has been introduced, wherein a social robot facilitated a small collaborative group activity of students in higher educationshow more
  • 8 Jan 2020 Journal Article Plos One

    Can scientists fill the science journalism void? Online public engagement with science stories authored by scientists

    Abstract
    In many countries the public's main source of information about science and technology is the mass media. Unfortunately, in recent years traditional journalism has experienced a collapse, and science journalism has been a major casualty. One potential remedy is to encourage scientists to write for news media about science. On these general news platforms, scientists'show more
  • 3 Jan 2020 Journal Article European Journal of Teacher Education

    Experiences of Preservice Teachers Exposed to Project-Based Learning

    Dina Tsybulsky , Michal Gatenio-Kalush , Musa Abu Ganem , Etty Grobgeld
    חוויות של פרחי הוראה שנחשפו ללמידה מבוססת פרוייקטים
    מחקר איכותני זה בוחן את החוויות המשמעותיות של סטודנטים להוראה (n=76) מהמגזר היהודי והבדואי בלמידה מבוססת פרויקטים בה הם השתתפו במסגרת הקורסים הפדגוגיים שלהם. המטרה המרכזית של המחקר היא לגבש תובנות לגבי החוויות המשמעותיות של המשתתפים, כלומר: מחשבות, תחושות ורגשות אודות תהליך למידה מבוססת פרויקטים. איסוף הנתונים נעשה באמצעות 38 ראיונות עומק ו-152 דיווחים רפלקטיביים. ניתוח הנתונים נעשה השיטה איכותנית לניתוח תוכן. ממצאי המחקר סיפקו תיאורים מפורטים של חוויות המשתתפים בשני מישורים: (א) איכות החוויה; (ב) תוכן החוויה. המחקר תורם לידע אודות למידה מבוססת פרויקטים, גישה שמיושמת יותר ויותר במסגרות להכשרת מורים.
    Abstract
    This is a qualitative study that examines Jewish and Bedouin preservice teachers' (n = 76) meaningful experiences in a project-based learning framework, in which they participated as part of their pedagogical coursework. The main goal of the study is to gain insight into participants’ meaningful experiences, i.e. thoughts, feelings, and emotions related to the PBLshow more
  • Jan 2020 Journal Article Advancing Educational Research With Emerging Technology

    Linguistic Analysis of Science Teachers' Narratives Using AntConc Software

    Abstract
    This chapter presents the linguistic analysis of science teachers' narratives regarding their worldviews in the digital age and their views of technology. The analysis was performed using Laurence Anthony's software AntConc, which is suitable for analyzing large data corpora. The language behavior of the following groups of teachers was analyzed by exploring threeshow more
  • 2020 Book Chapter Deeper Learning, Dialogic Learning, and Critical Thinking

    AugmentedWorld : A location-based question-generating platform as a means of promoting 21st-century skills

    Abstract
    This chapter introduces a new web-based platform named AugmentedWorld that was designed to allow science teachers and students to generate location-based multimedia-rich questions. A study among 98 pre-service science teachers indicated that deep learning of science concepts can be promoted by generating and solving interactive questions connected to a specific locationshow more