Publications

Publications | Karel Martens, Technion, Israel
Category:
  1. 23 Oct 2022 Journal Article Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice

    A new index to assess the situation of subgroups, with an application to public transport disadvantage in US metropolitan areas

    Abstract

    The evaluation of how particular segments of society fare is a common concern in many policy and academic realms, including transportation. The Target group Position Index (TPI) is introduced to assess the relative situation of a target group compared to a larger population. It uses two distinct population-specific benchmarks to determine the relative position of the

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  2. Aug 2022 Book Chapter Intersections + Identities: A Radical Rethinking of Our Transportation Experiences

    Models and the Questions We Ask

    Abstract

    Travel demand modeling has been used as a tool by transportation professionals for defining travel behavior processes and procedures for close to seventy years. With origins tied to the construction of the interstate highway system, our pursuit to understand the connections between human behavior and infrastructure is an under-examined part of transportation planning's

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  3. 1 Aug 2022 Journal Article Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour

    Social identity and cycling among women: The case of Tel-Aviv-Jaffa

    Abstract

    Through the lens of the Social Identify Theory (Tajfel, 1974), this research aims to understand how social identity affects the perception of cycling as a mode of transport among women from different socio-income backgrounds. Using the case study of Tel-Aviv-Jaffa (Israel), we found that cycling is associated with distinct social categories rather than seen as a 'socially

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  4. 13 Jun 2022 Journal Article Journal of the American Planning Association

    Equity in Accessibility: Moving From Disparity to Insufficiency Analyses

    Abstract

    Many studies on transport equity have analyzed disparities in access to destinations between different population groups. In this study, we challenge this disparity approach and propose an alternative: analyzing accessibility insufficiencies. We argue that disparity analyses fall short on two accounts. First, they are based on group averages that inherently hide in-group

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  5. 28 May 2022 Journal Article Cities

    Value dimensions of autonomous vehicle implementation through the Ethical Delphi

    Abstract

    Using the Ethical Delphi method, this research seeks to understand how professionals relate to ethical socio-spatial implications of possible widespread autonomous vehicle (AV) deployment in cities and societies, and to distil values that can shape AV futures. First, we sought to understand whether professionals engage in ethical thinking and reasoning regarding AV

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  6. 1 Apr 2022 Journal Article Travel Behaviour and Society

    Exploring changes in individuals travel behaviour after bus Rapid Transit implementation in Dar es Salaam

    Abstract

    The use of Informal Public Transport (IPT; i.e., minibuses, motorcycles, and tricycles) for activity participation in Dar es Salaam is associated with mobility difficulties, e.g., traffic congestion, unscheduled services, and lack of safety of the journey. The introduction of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) in May 2016 aimed at reducing mobility difficulties by improving

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  7. 3 Mar 2022 Journal Article Journal of Transport Geography

    Core versus periphery: Examining the spatial patterns of insufficient accessibility in U.S. metropolitan areas

    Abstract

    Recent transport equity literature suggests that accessibility analyses should move beyond mapping of the uneven patterns of access to opportunities. Instead, this literature proposes a sufficientarian approach, according to which all individuals are entitled to a minimum level of accessibility. In line with this approach, in this paper we ask: “What are the spatial

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  8. 1 Dec 2021 Journal Article Journal of Planning Education and Research

    A Fair Distribution of Accessibility: Interpreting Civil Rights Regulations for Regional Transportation Plans

    Abstract

    The US Department of Transportation requires metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) to consider social equity in their plans and projects in accordance with civil rights–related laws. In this paper, we suggest four interpretations of directives’ distributional standards in relation to accessibility. Employing this framework, we review the equity assessments of

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  9. 1 Jun 2021 Journal Article Case Studies on Transport Policy

    Exploring changes in mobility experiences and perceptions after implementation of the bus rapid transit system in Dar es Salaam

    Abstract

    The use of Informal Public Transport (IPT) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, has been associated with mobility difficulties, i.e. traffic congestion, unscheduled service and lack of safety and security. The introduction of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system was therefore considered as a powerful intervention for these mobility difficulties. In May 2016, the BRT started

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  10. 21 May 2021 Journal Article Transport Reviews

    Accessibility and the Capabilities Approach: a review of the literature and proposal for conceptual advancements

    Abstract

    The Capability Approach, developed by Sen and Nussbaum, has recently gained increasing attention in the transport literature. This paper adds to this growing body of literature by investigating how the approach can generate consistent evaluative approaches to inform (urban) transport planning. The paper reviews the mobility literature that has investigated the Capabilities

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