Publications

Publications | Karel Martens, Technion, Israel
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  1. 13 Jun 2022 Journal Article Journal of the American Planning Association

    Equity in Accessibility: Moving From Disparity to Insufficiency Analyses

    Abstract

    Many studies on transport equity have analyzed disparities in access to destinations between different population groups. In this study, we challenge this disparity approach and propose an alternative: analyzing accessibility insufficiencies. We argue that disparity analyses fall short on two accounts. First, they are based on group averages that inherently hide in-group

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  2. 11 Jun 2022 Journal Article Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour

    Social identity and cycling among women: The case of Tel-Aviv-Jaffa

    Abstract

    Through the lens of the Social Identify Theory (Tajfel, 1974), this research aims to understand how social identity affects the perception of cycling as a mode of transport among women from different socio-income backgrounds. Using the case study of Tel-Aviv-Jaffa (Israel), we found that cycling is associated with distinct social categories rather than seen as a 'socially

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  3. 28 May 2022 Journal Article Cities

    Value dimensions of autonomous vehicle implementation through the Ethical Delphi

    Abstract

    Using the Ethical Delphi method, this research seeks to understand how professionals relate to ethical socio-spatial implications of possible widespread autonomous vehicle (AV) deployment in cities and societies, and to distil values that can shape AV futures. First, we sought to understand whether professionals engage in ethical thinking and reasoning regarding AV

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  4. 1 Apr 2022 Journal Article Travel Behaviour and Society

    Exploring changes in individuals travel behaviour after bus Rapid Transit implementation in Dar es Salaam

    Abstract

    The use of Informal Public Transport (IPT; i.e., minibuses, motorcycles, and tricycles) for activity participation in Dar es Salaam is associated with mobility difficulties, e.g., traffic congestion, unscheduled services, and lack of safety of the journey. The introduction of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) in May 2016 aimed at reducing mobility difficulties by improving

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  5. 3 Mar 2022 Journal Article Journal of Transport Geography

    Core versus periphery: Examining the spatial patterns of insufficient accessibility in U.S. metropolitan areas

    Abstract

    Recent transport equity literature suggests that accessibility analyses should move beyond mapping of the uneven patterns of access to opportunities. Instead, this literature proposes a sufficientarian approach, according to which all individuals are entitled to a minimum level of accessibility. In line with this approach, in this paper we ask: “What are the spatial

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  6. 1 Dec 2021 Journal Article Journal of Planning Education and Research

    A Fair Distribution of Accessibility: Interpreting Civil Rights Regulations for Regional Transportation Plans

    Abstract

    The US Department of Transportation requires metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) to consider social equity in their plans and projects in accordance with civil rights–related laws. In this paper, we suggest four interpretations of directives’ distributional standards in relation to accessibility. Employing this framework, we review the equity assessments of

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  7. 1 Jun 2021 Journal Article Case Studies on Transport Policy

    Exploring changes in mobility experiences and perceptions after implementation of the bus rapid transit system in Dar es Salaam

    Abstract

    The use of Informal Public Transport (IPT) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, has been associated with mobility difficulties, i.e. traffic congestion, unscheduled service and lack of safety and security. The introduction of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system was therefore considered as a powerful intervention for these mobility difficulties. In May 2016, the BRT started

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  8. 21 May 2021 Journal Article Transport Reviews

    Accessibility and the Capabilities Approach: a review of the literature and proposal for conceptual advancements

    Abstract

    The Capability Approach, developed by Sen and Nussbaum, has recently gained increasing attention in the transport literature. This paper adds to this growing body of literature by investigating how the approach can generate consistent evaluative approaches to inform (urban) transport planning. The paper reviews the mobility literature that has investigated the Capabilities

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  9. 17 May 2021 Book Chapter International Encyclopedia of Transportation

    Equity Considerations in Transport Planning

    Abstract

    Transport planning is inescapably a normative activity that should raise equity concerns. Yet, equity has remained a marginal issue in both research and practice. In this article, three different perspectives on equity and transport planning are discussed. They do not only differ in the extent to which they address the three dimensions of equity: distribution (the

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  10. 2 Feb 2021 Book Chapter Cycling for Sustainable Cities

    Social Justice and Cycling

    Abstract

    Since the advent of the motorcar and the enormous investments enabling its uptake and use, the transport landscape has become highly uneven. People with a car typically enjoy a high level of freedom and access to destinations, while carless households are typically relegated to a patchy public transport system and an even less complete network of sidewalks and bicycle

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